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Chapter 6 Indices

# Chapter 6 Indices

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Module PMR

CHAPTER 6 : INDICESNUMBERS IN INDEX FORMExample:
Express in the formof repeatedmultiplication.
aaaaa
×××=
4
1)
5
h
2)
( )
3
h
3)
2
    
e
4)
4
5
5)
( )
3
1
6)
4
32
    
7)
2
43
    
Example:
Write in indexnotation.h x h x h x h x h x h=8) g x g x g x g9).
( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )
××××
10)
              
nenene
11) 7 x 7 x7 x 7 x 712)(-11)(-11)(-11)13)
                   
72727272
14)
         
9797
Example:
Evaluate
222222
5
××××=
= 3215)
3
10
16)
( )
4
3
17)
2
43
    
18)
3
41
    
19)
3
213
    
20)
( )
3
4.0
21)
( )
2
05.0
Indices
64

Module PMR

LAWS OF INDICESLAW 1
nmnm
aaa
+
=×
Example:
Simplify
35
bb
×

35
+
=
b

8
b
=
1)
62
g  g
×
2)
693
hhh
××
3)
( ) ( )
32
ee
×
Example:
Simplify
43
22
×

43
2
+
=

7
2
=
4)
62
55
×
5)
683
666
××
6)
( ) ( )
45
33
×
Example:
Simplify
32
43
bb
×
( )
32
43
+
×=
b

5
12
b
=
7)
62
54
y y
×
8)
43
310
s s
×
9)
45
832
×
Example:
Simplify
7265
94
sh sh
××
( )
7675
94
++
×=
sh
1312
36
sh
=
10)
232
37
mbm
××
11)
234
932
vvv
××
12)
pa pa
××
443
36
LAW 2
nmnm
aaa
=÷
Example:
Simplify
47
j j
÷

47
=
j

3
j
=
1)
49
nn
÷
2)
25
aa
3)
34
4
÷
Example:
Simplify 4
5

÷
4
2
= 4
5 - 2
= 4
3
4) 5
4

÷
5
3
5)
24
77
6)
57
1010
÷
Example:
Simplify
35
412
aa
÷
35
412
=
a
2
3
a
=
7)
45
540
g
÷
8)
28
420
y y
9)
510
2718
nn
÷
Indices
65

Module PMR

Example:
Simplify
( )
9363636
22612612
z  z  z  z  z
===÷
+
10)
85
210
÷
uu
11)
24
218
ww
12)
48
923
÷
mm
LAW 3
( )
nmnm
aa
×
=
Example:
Simplify
( )
155353
hhh
==
×
1)
( )
24
2)
( )
52
g
3)
( )
27
v
Example:
Simplify
( )
124242
333
==
×
4)
( )
35
4
5)
( )
52
6
6)
( )
35
7
Example:
Simplify
( )
20155453 543
222
mmm
==
××
7)
( )
234
e
8)
( )
423
52
9)
( )
264
3
g
LAW 4
nn
aa
1
=
Example:
Simplify

1
=
1)
c
2)
p
m
3
3)
dv
Indices
66