Shri RudramShri Rudram, also known as Rudraprashna, is a hymn devoted to Lord Shiva. It ispart of the Yajur Veda and one of the great est of the Vedic hymns for all roundben e fits and to remove all doshas and difficulties.Shri Rudram has two parts. The first part, chap ter 16 of the Yajurveda, is knownas Namakam because of the repeated use of the word “namo” in it. The sec ond part,chap ter 18 of the Yajurveda, is known as Chamakam because of the repeated use ofthe words “chame”.Rudram is divided into 11 sec tions called Anu vakas. In the first Anu vaka, Rudrais asked to turn away his ghora rupa (fierce appearance) and to keep his and hisfol low ers’ weapons at bay. Hav ing been paci fied, Rudra is requested to destroythe sins of those for whom it is being chanted.Apart from being a hymn devoted to Lord Shiva, Shriru dram also con tains many hidden secrets in coded for mat. For exam ple the verses con tain coded instruc tionsfor prepar ing var i ous ayurvedic med i cines.This first Anu vaka is chanted to destroy all sins, obtain lead er ship and divinebenev o lence, pro tec tion from famine, free dom from fear,obtain food, and protect cows, for absence from untimely fear of death, of tigers, thieves, from monsters, dev ils, demons. It is also chanted as a shield (kavacha) for vir u lentfever, to cure dis eases, fetal dis or ders, abso lu tion from evils stars and badkarma, for the ful fil ment of ones desires, sump tu ous rain fall, fam ily protec tion, bless ings with good chil dren, ful fill ment of all mate r ial desiresand the destruc tion of enemies.In the sec ond Anu vaka, Rudra is prayed to as one who per vades the earth and asthe green foliage and her itage of med i c i nal herbs. He is asked to loosen thebonds of sam sara . This Anu vaka is chanted for the destruc tion of ene mies, posses sion of wealth, get ting kingdom (get ting job) and pos ses sion ofintelligence.In the third Anu vaka Rudra is described as the Lord of thieves who exists inevery thing. He is Sar vatma—the self of all. In this con text, we who are unen
light ened have stolen the immor tal sta tus of the Self and replaced it with ourown lim ited con cep tion of ego. And in turn it is Rudra who will come and stealour igno rance from us,restoring us to our nat ural sta tus of enlight en ment.This Anu vaka is also chanted for the cure of diseases.In the fourth Anu vaka, Rudra is described as the cre ator and worker of allkinds. He is the cause of both the sig nif i cant and minor. This Anu vaka ischanted for the cure of tuber cu lo sis, dia bet ics and leprosy.In the fifth Anu vaka Rudra’s exis tence in run ning waters is praised and hisfive activ i ties are described (cre ation of the uni verse, preserva tion of it,destruc tion at the time of Pralaya, bondage in igno rance and the release of moksha.In the sixth Anu vaka Rudra is iden ti fied with time (Kalarupa). He is describedas the source of the dif fer ent worlds, Shrutis (Vedas) and its essence inVedanta. The fifth and sixth Anu vakas are chanted for the expan sion of one’s ownassets, vic tory against ene mies, bless ings for a son with the stature of Rudra,avoid ance of a mis car riage and easy child birth, avert ing dif fi cult astrology and pro tection of one’s own son.