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Hardness, Water Softening - Lime-Soda ash process

Hardness, Water Softening - Lime-Soda ash process

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deals with hardness and water softening by lime-soda ash process. also includes information on indices..
deals with hardness and water softening by lime-soda ash process. also includes information on indices..

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Categories:Types, Presentations
Published by: Dr. Akepati Sivarami Reddy on Nov 25, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/11/2014

 
Dlrfemss lef Rltmr ^oatmeieb
Fr. Lkmplti ^. Pmffy Lssoniltm Xroamssor ^ndoog oa Memrby lef Meviroecmet Vdlplr ]eivmrsity, Xltilgl
 
Dlrfemss
Dlrfemss: cugtivlgmet cmtlg ioes (fi or cugtivlgmet nltioes) tdlt aorc prmnipitltms witd solps
@lsmf oe tdm dlrfemss wltmrs lrm nglssiaimf ls
 „
^oat wltmr (8-28 cb/G),
 „
Cofmrltmgy dlrf wltmr (28-<=8 cb/G),
 „
Dlrf wltmr (5<=8 cb/G)
 „
 wltmr witd dlrfemss 5>88 is oatme keowe ls vmry dlrf wltmr
Nltioes nlusieb dlrfemss:
Nl
0+
, Cb
0+
,
 ^r
0+
, Am
0+
, Ce
0+
, Lg
Dlrfemss is lssoniltmf witd:
DNO
>-
, ^O
60-
, Ng
-
,
EO
>-
, ^iO
>0-
, XO
6>-
Dlrfemss nltmborims
 „
Nlgniuc Dlrfemss (Nl
0+
D), Clbemsiuc Dlrfemss (Cb
0+
) lef Votlg Dlrfemss (VD) `lsmf oe tdm rmspoesi`gm nltioes
Cb
0+
 D 3 V D - Nl
0+
 D
 „
Nlr`oeltm Dlrfemss (ND) lef Eoe-nlr`oeltm Dlrfemss (END) `lsmf oe tdm lssoniltmf leioes
ND is lgso keowe ls tmcporlry dlrfemss (`inlr`oeltms) lef it nle `m rmcovmf `y `oigieb lef `y gicm (NlO or Nl(OD)
0
)
END (lgso keowe ls pmrclemet dlrfemss) is lssoniltmf witd ^O
60-
 lef Ng-- nle `m rmcovmf `y sofl lsd &gicm
 „
uelaamntmf `y `oigieb
 
Dlrfemss
Ia Lgklgieity 7 VD, tdme ND 3 Lgklgieity
 „
Ia Lgklgieity ≭ VD, tdme ND 3 VD
 
 „
END 3 VD
 „
 Votlg Lgklgieity
 „
^ofiuc Lgklgieity 3 Votlg Lgklgieity
 „
 Votlg Dlrfemss (VD)
Cmtdof usmf aor dlrfemss cmlsurmcmet: MFVL (Mtdygmem-filciem-tmtrl-lnmtin lnif) cmtdof
 „
Mriondrocm @glnk V is iefinltor
 „
 aorcs nocpgmx witd armm MFVL lef ndlebm nogour aroc rmf to `gum
 „
@oigieb oaa lef aigtmrieb rmcovms tmcporlry dlrfemss lef pmrclemet dlrfemss nle `m usmf
 „
Nlgniuc dlrfemss is lgso cmlsurmf `y MFVL cmtdof `ut latmr prmnipitltieb tdm Cb lt <> pD lef usieb fiaamrmet iefinltor (nlgnoe)
 „
Dlrfemss is mxprmssmf ie cb/G ls NlNO
>
 lef lt ticms ie cmq/G
Noenmetrltioes ie cb/G nle `m noevmrtmf ieto cmq/G `y fivifieb witd mquivlgmet wmibdt oa tdm spmnims
 „
T cb/G oa Nl
0+
 3 T/08 cmq/G oa Nl
0+
 (08 is mqui. wbt. oa Nl
0+
)
 „
T cb/G oa Cb
0+
 3 T/<0.0 cmq/G oa Cb
0+
 (<0.0 is mqui. wbt. oa Cb
0+
)
 „
T cb/G oa VD ls NlNO
>
 3 T/=8 cmq/G oa VD (=8 is mqui. wbt. oa NlNO
>
)
 „
T cb/G oa NO
0
 3 T/00 cmq oa NO
0
 (00 is mqui. wbt. oa NO
0
)

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