Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction% in whole or in part% of an ethnic% racial% religious% or national group.'8* hile a precise definition $aries among genocide scholars% a legal definition is found in the 86-5 ;nited Cations on$ention on the Ire$ention and Iunishment of the rime of Genocide !IIG". Brticle ( of this con$ention defines genocide as <any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy% in whole or in part% a national% ethnical% racial or religious group% as such: killing members of the groupJ causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the groupJ deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life% calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in partJ imposing measures intended to pre$ent births within the groupJ 'and* forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.<'(* Hecause of the influence of +oseph 3talin%
this definition of genocide under international law
does not include political groups.
Bnother criticism of the IIG is that when its pro$isions ha$e been in$oked by the ;nited Cations 3ecurity ouncil% they ha$e only been in$oked to punish those who ha$e already committed genocide and
been foolish enough to leave a paper trail.
t was this criticism that led to the adoption of ;C 3ecurity ouncil #esolution 814- by the ;nited Cations 3ecurity ouncil on (5 Bpril (771 commits the ouncil to action to protect ci$ilians in armed conflict and to protect populations from genocide% war crimes% ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.Genocide scholars such as Gregory 3tanton ha$e postulated that conditions and acts that often occur before% during% and after genocide such as dehumaniDation of $ictim groups% strong organiDation of genocidal groups% and denial of genocide by its perpetrators can be identified and
actions taken to stop genocides before they happen.
ritics of this approach such as 9irk =oses assert that this is unrealistic and that% for eample%
"Darfur will end when it suits the great powers that have a stake in the region".