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Published by Topan Setiadipura
Report for HITACHI who give the sponsorship to joint the conference.
Report for HITACHI who give the sponsorship to joint the conference.

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Published by: Topan Setiadipura on Nov 26, 2013
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Post Conference Report American Nuclear Society (ANS) National Meeting 2013 Winter Meeting and Technology Expo Attendee :
Topan Setiadipura D3 Graduate Student at Obara Laboratory Nuclear Engineering Department Tokyo Insitutute of Technology
Date(s) of travel and conference:
November 9
 ,2013 travel from Narita Tokyo to Reagan Airport Washington D.C via the Minneapolis Airport. November 10-14, 2013 ANS Winter Meeting and Technology Expo November 15
 , 2013 travel from Reagan Airport Washington D.C. to Narita Tokyo via Detroit Airport.
Accommodation in Washington D.C:
Days-Inn Hotel, 4400 Connecticut Ave NW, Washington DC. (Two station by subway train to the Conference venue).
Main Purposes of the travel:
Deliver a presentation on Attendee`s research entitled `Development of a Monte Carlo based Pebble Bed Reactor Fuel Management Code`. -
Getting information, knowledge, and networking from other`s presenter related with Attendee`s field of research in particular, or in the field of Nuclear Reactor Engineering in general.
Attendee`s General Impression on the Conference:
It was a very nice experience to attend such an important conference in the field of nuclear engineering. Besides the opportunity to give presentation on my doctoral research and got some feedbacks from the other researchers, in this conference I also met and have personal discussion with certain expert in the field of nuclear reactor engineering. I hope this experience useful for my career in the field of nuclear engineering in term of motivations to grow as a researcher in this field, knowledge and information that I got from the conference about some particular research or project in nuclear engineering, and network with other students or experts in the field. I express my huge gratitude to Prof. Hiroshi Ujita as representation of HITACHI for the sponsorship to attend the conference, and also to Prof. Toru Obara as my research supervisor.
On Attendee`s Presentation:
My presentation entitled `Development of a Monte Carlo based Pebble Bed Reactor Fuel Management Code`. It include in the Advance Modeling and Simulation in Reactor Physics session at Wednesday morning (November 13
,2013) which chaired by Prof. Tunc Aldemir from Ohio State University. There are some comments and questions about my presentation. Prof. Akio Yamamato from Nagoya University ask about the changing of effective multiplication factor and nuclide density by changing the height of axial region. To answer that question I again explain more detail about how the neutron transport and depletion calculation perform in the code. In the calculation, neutron flux and nuclide densities are homogenized for each region which made the dimension of the region might affect the results until we get a small enough dimension to make the change of the results negligible. Prof. Tunc Aldemir also ask about the option to use Once-Through-Then-Out (OTTO) which he considered not so effective to burn the fuel compare to other cycle in pebble bed reactor (i.e. multi pass cycle). To answer this question, I reviewed again the advantageous of OTTO cycle in particular the simplification of the reactor operation. And the burnup capability is an object to be improved in further research using this developed code. Outside the formal conference session, I have also the opportunity to discuss my research with some experts. Prof. Andrew Kadak, former MIT Professor which have experiences in pebble bed research, give a good appreciation about the research and remark that it is important to have a more accurate tools for the pebble bed analysis compare to the commonly used code in this field which still used a rough approximation such as the diffusion method for the neutron transport simulation. Discussion about Monte Carlo code with Dr.Jaako Leppanen, researcher at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland who developed of Monte Carlo code SERPENT, was also interesting. We discuss the computing time problem with Monte Carlo method and how the parallel computing development in SERPENT and other Monte Carlo codes. However, the statistical geometry modelling and the related random walk algorithm in MVP-BURN code is still the most effective method to model the double heterogeneity of the pebble bed reactor and still not yet applied in other code.
On Attended Sessions:
There are many interesting sessions and presentations, below are some sessions or presentations particularly followed and interesting for me. I divided the sessions into following three categories: 1.
Non-technical sessions This sessions include the
ANS President`s Reception
 as the opening of the conference at Sunday night. In the same hall there was also
ANS Technology EXPO
 from many company and research institute in nuclear engineering field. It was a good opportunity to get to know many people, other students and experts, who attend the conference. The same event and atmosphere also continue in the
 event at Monday noon. It was a good opportunity to browse more on the expo from the research institutes and companies such as the Idaho National Lab., Argonne National Lab., Oak Ridge National Lab., Mitsubishi, KHNP and others. 2.
Techno-historical Sessions This ANS winter meeting is also the celebration of 75 years of nuclear fission. In addition, the opening day of the conference is also the Veteran Day for the American. Many sessions have the sense of historical view of the nuclear fission development in the past and the future policy in the United States. This session include:
Opening Plenary Session: the 75
 Anniversary of the Discovery of Nuclear Fission
 (Monday morning). Inviting many people who have the experience and still being the person in charge for the policy maker. -
ANS President`s Special Session:
On the path to fission`s Centennial and Beyond
 (Monday, after lunch). -
Nuclear Fission: 75-Year Anniversary
 (Wednesday, November 13
 at 4pm). Inviting the Eugene P.Wigner Reactor Physics Award winner, Prof. Augusto Gandini, to give highlight of historically-based generalized perturbation theory methodology. Also Phillip Finck from INL, Mujid Kazimi from MIT, Yoshiaki Oka from Waseda Univ., Jean-Pierre West from EDF France to talk about the research in their institution with the history-perspective. 3.
Technical sessions Technical sessions include sessions covering the ongoing research and its current achievement. Technical sessions followed by me are as follow : -
Current Issues in Computational Methods : Convergence
What is it ?
[Monday, 3pm]
Interesting discussion about the problem of `convergence`, when to declare that the simulation by iterative method is success and ready to be stop and give the answer, presented by experts in the field of deterministic method and Monte Carlo method. -
Deterministic and Stochastic Methods for Eigenvalue Computations: A Retrospective and Prospective Look
[Monday, 4:35pm]
This sessions focus on the eigen value computations. Interesting presentation about the work of Enrico Fermi in this particular field was given by P. Ravetto from Politecnico di Torino Italy. History, recent progress, and tips for future development for the Monte Carlo Criticality calculation was given by Forrest Brown from Los Alamos National Laboratory. (Pictures : Prof. P Ravetto giving presentation (right), One of presentation page by F. Brown (left)). -
Transport Method: General [Tuesday, 8am]
Many presentations about the Monte Carlo method and deterministic transport method developments are given in this session. For instance the convergence rates improvement in Monte Carlo simulation using stratified sampling by Alex R. Long from Oregon State University, the use of Kernel Density Estimator as the tallying method in Monte Carlo simulation by Timothy P. Burke from Univ. of Michigan. -
Use of CAD in Nuclear Shielding and Criticality Codes [Tuesday, 1pm]
This sessions include many presentation about the CAD improvement in different Monte Carlo codes which able to improve the overall computation time of Monte Carlo simulation for complex geometry. Particular CAD module presented in this session for instance the FluDAG dan DAGMCNP from Univ. of Wisconsin Madison, McCAD from Karslruhe Institute of Technology Germany.

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