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Theory of Metal Cutting-Cutting Tool,Cutting Fluid & Machining Economics

Theory of Metal Cutting-Cutting Tool,Cutting Fluid & Machining Economics

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Published by Rizwanul Fattah
Theory of Metal Cutting-Cutting Tool,Cutting Fluid & Machining Economics
Theory of Metal Cutting-Cutting Tool,Cutting Fluid & Machining Economics

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Published by: Rizwanul Fattah on Aug 18, 2009
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05/11/2014

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LECTURE-10THEORY OF METAL CUTTING-Cutting Tool, Cutting Fluid & Machining Economics
NIKHIL R. DHAR, Ph. D.
DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL & PRODUCTIONENGINEERINGBUET
 
17/2Department of Industrial & Production Engineering
Tool Wear
Productivity and economy of manufacturing by machining are significantlyaffected by life of the cutting tools. Cutting tools may fail by brittle fracture,plastic deformation or gradual wear. Turning carbide inserts having enoughstrength, toughness and hot hardness generally fail by gradual wears. With theprogress of machining the tools attain crater wear at the rake surface and flankwear at the clearance surfaces, as schematically shown in following Figure (nextslide) due to continuous interaction and rubbing with the chips and the worksurfaces respectively. Among the aforesaid wears, the principal flank wear is themost important because it raises the cutting forces and the related problems.
Flank WearCraterWearPrincipal Cutting EdgeShank Rake or FaceFlank AuxiliaryCutting Edge
 
17/3Department of Industrial & Production Engineering
B
M
AAV
N
V
B
V
M
V
S
V
SM
T
NotchGroovingwear
Section A-AAuxiliary Flank Principal FlankRake Surface
Craterwear
Major Features of Wear of Turning Tool
= Crater widthK
B
= Distance from center of crater K
M
= Crater depthK
T
= Maximum auxiliary flank wear V
SM
= Average auxiliary flank wear V
S
= Maximum flank wear V
M
= Flank notch wear V
N
= Average flank wear V
B

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