Archaeology in China
The tombs at Astana.
Turpan, Xinjiang Autonomous Region.500 noble tombs of the Gaochang State, documents, silk fabrics,painted clay and wooden sculptures. From the Western Jin to theTang Dynasty, 3rd–8th century. – Robbed by A. Stein and othersin the 1920s; excavated by Xinjiang Regional Museum, etc. from1959 on.91.
The capital Shangjing Longquanfu of the Bohai State of the Tang Dyn-asty.
Ningan county, Heilongjiang Province.Outer city, palace city, palaces, gates, Buddhist temples. 756–926AD. – Excavated by the Japanese in 1933 and 1934; by IA, CASS;Heilongjiang Provincial ICRA in the 1960s, the 1980s, the 1990s.92.
Two mausoleums of the Southern Tang State.
Nanjing, Jiangsu Prov-ince.Mausoleums of two kings and their wives. 600 burial accessories,including pottery statues, jade funerary eulogiums. The Ten King-doms, 943 and 962 AD. – Excavated by Nanjing Musuem in 1950and 1951.93.
The tombs of the Northern Song Dynasty at Baisha.
Yuxian county,Henan Province.Three brick tombs with engraved fresco walls in imitation of awooden construction. Around 1099 AD. – Excavated by HenanProvincial Committee of Cultural Relics’ Protection; IA, CASS in1951.94.
The Tomb of a princess of the Chen State in the Liao Dynasty.
Naiman,Zhelimu, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.Tomb of a princess and her husband. More than 1000 burial ac-cessories, including two complete burial suits made of gold andsilver. 1018 AD. – Excavated by the Inner Mongolia RegionalICRA in 1986.
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The Longquan kiln site.
Longquan county, Zhejiang Province.Kilns from the Song Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty, including 60kilns of the Song. Different kinds of porcelains. 10th–17th centuryAD. – Excavated by IA, CASS; the Museum of Chinese History;Zhejiang Provincial ICRA, etc. from 1959 to 1983.96.
The Yaozhou kiln site.
Tongchuan, Shaanxi Province.Kilns from the Tang Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty, more than 100kilns. 7th–17th century AD. – Excavated by the Palace Museum;IA, CASS; Shaanxi Provincial ICRA from the 1950s to the 1990s.97.
The mausoleums of the Western Xia.
Yinchuan, Ningxia Auton-omous Region.Royal graveyard, 9 mausoleums, 206 attendant tombs, 16 tabletpavilions. 1038–1277 AD. – Excavated by Ningxia Regional ICRAfrom the 1970s on.98.
The capital of the Guge State.
Zhada county, Tibet AutonomousRegion.445 houses, 879 kilns, 58 forts, 28 Buddhist towers, 5 Buddhisthalls, palace, hall for discussing public affairs, and tombs have beenfound. The middle of 10th century–1630 AD. – Excavated by Tib-et Regional Committee of Cultural Relics’ Protection in 1985.99.
The capital Dadu of the Yuan Dynasty.
Beijing.Capital city, main streets and roads, barbican entrance. 1267–1368AD. – Excavated by IA, CASS in the 1960s and the 1970s.100.
The Ding Mausoleum of the Ming Dynasty.
Beijing.One of the 13 mausoleums of the emperors. Royal graveyard, sac-red road, ceremonial constructions. 1586–1591. – Excavated byIA, CASS from 1956 to 1958.
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