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Anthony Cra an Brief

Anthony Cra an Brief

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Published by BostonMagazine
Craan Brief Appeal
Craan Brief Appeal

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Published by: BostonMagazine on Nov 27, 2013
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COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTSAPPEALS COURTCASE NO. : 2012-P-0534COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTSAppel l ant
v.
ANTHONY CRAANDefendant-Appel l eeON APPEAL FROM A J UDGMENT OF THEBOSTON MUNI CI PAL COURT-DORCHESTER DI VI SI ONBRI EF OF THEDEFENDANT-APPELLEEBri an J . AndersonCant ant Law Offi ces, P. C.141 Tremont Street, 4
th
Fl oorBoston, MA 02111(617) 227-8383bri an@contant-l aw. comBBO#: 670871
 
 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS i TABLE OF
 AUTHORITIES
 i vSTATEMENT OF I SSUES 1I . Whether the tri al j udge correctl y suppressedthe evi dence where the trooper l ackedpermi ssi bl e grounds to order Mr. Craan outof hi s vehi cl e and subsequentl y search i tbased onl y on: (1) the smel l of unburnedmari j uana comi ng from the i nteri or of thevehi cl e and (2) the observati on of a smal lquanti ty of mari j uana i nsi de the vehi cl e . . . 1I I . Whether the trooper l acked probabl e cause tobel i eve that Mr. Craan was operati ng underthe i nfl uence of mari j uana where Mr. Craanexhi bi ted no characteri sti cs of i mpai rmentand there was no evi dence of consumpti oni n the vehi cl e 1I I I . Whether the trooper coul d search Mr. Craan' svehi cl e based on vi ol ati on of federal l awwhere there was no evi dence of a federali nvesti gati on or prosecuti on and Arti cl e 14provi des hei ghtened protecti ons agai nstunl awful search and sei zure as comparedto the Fourth Amendment 1STATEMENT OF THE CASE 2STATEMENT OF THE
 FACTS 3
A. J udge' s Fi ndi ngs of Fact 3B. J udge' s Rul i ng 8SUM~~RY OF THE
 ARGUMENT 9
ARGUMENT 12
i
 
I . The tri al j udge correctl y suppressed the evi dencebecause the trooper l acked permi ssi bl e grounds toorder Mr. Craan out of hi s vehi cl e andsubsequentl y search i t based onl y on: (1) thesmel l of unburned mari j uana comi ng from thei nteri or of the vehi cl e and (2) the observati onof a smal l quanti ty of mari j uana i nsi de thevehi cl e 12A. Legal Standard 12B. The trooper di d not possess a reasonabl efear for hi s safety or that of others to j usti fy the exi t order and search 15C. The trooper di d not have reasonabl esuspi ci on based on arti cul abl e facts tobel i eve that Mr. Craan was engaged i ncri mi nal acti vi ty 19D. The trooper di d not have probabl e cause tosearch the vehi cl e under the automobi l eexcepti on because there was i nsuffi ci entevi dence that i t contai ned a cri mi nalamount of mari j uana 22E. The Arti cl e 14 protecti ons pronounced i nCruz appl y regardl ess of whether the smel lof mari j uana i s burnt or unburned 27I I . The trooper di d not have probabl e cause tobel i eve that Mr. Craan was operati ng under thei nfl uence of mari j uana because he exhi bi ted nocharacteri sti cs of i mpai rment and there was noevi dence of consumpti on i n the vehi cl e 30I I I . The trooper coul d not search Mr. Craan' s vehi cl ebased on vi ol ati on of federal l aw because therewas no evi dence of a federal i nvesti gati on orprosecuti on and Arti cl e 14 provi des hei ghtened
ii

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