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Different Religous Virgins

Different Religous Virgins

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Published by ansherina2
Sorry for the big spaces. Pictures were supposed to be there but we bought them already. And the links don't work (since some were just copy-pasted from the website).
Sorry for the big spaces. Pictures were supposed to be there but we bought them already. And the links don't work (since some were just copy-pasted from the website).

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Published by: ansherina2 on Aug 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Between May and October 1917,theVirgin Maryis said to have appearedto three shepherd childrencia dos Santosand her cousinsJacinta and  Francisco Marto—in the fields outside thevillage of Aljustrel, very close toFatima, Portugal. The children said she wouldcome and speak to them on the 13th of every month. Lúcia later described her vision of Mary as "more brilliant than thesun, shedding rays of light clearer andstronger than a crystal glass filled with themost sparkling water and pierced by theburning rays of the sun."According to Lúcia's account, Maryexhorted the children to dopenanceandsacrifices to save sinners. They wore tightcords around their waists to cause pain,abstained from drinking water on hotdays, and other works of penance. Mostimportant, the children said she askedthem to say theRosaryevery day and toencourage others to say it. Throughouther life, Lúcia maintained that the Virginhad reiterated many times that theRosary was the key to personal and worldpeace. Many youngPortuguesemen,including relatives of the visionaries, werethen fighting inWorld War I.On what believers call her last visitto Fatima, a crowd of 70,000 people,including reporters from newspapers,gathered in a torrential rainstorm. Manypeople in the crowd said that thesun changed colours, began spinning in thesky and went completely dark for severalminutes before seeming to plunge towardthe earth, then returning to its propeplace, an event believers call the greatSolar Miracle of Fatima. Reporter Avelinode Almeida, who had ridiculed Fatima inprevious articles, saw and reported thephenomena, while his photographer sawnothing but shot pictures of themesmerized crowd looking up.
Its tradition is long-standing andconstant, and in sources both oral andwritten, Indian and Spanish, the accountis unwavering. TheBlessed Virgin appeared on Saturday9 Decembe 1531  to a 55 year old neophyte namedJuan Diego, who was hurrying down Tepeyachill to hear Mass in Mexico City. She senthim toBishopZurraga to have atemple built where she stood. She was atthe same place that evening and Sundayevening to get thebishop's answer. Thebishopdid not immediately believed themessenger, had him cross-examined andwatched, and he finally told him to ask thelady who said she was the mother of thetrue God for a sign. The neophyte agreedreadily to ask for sign desired, and thebishopreleased him.Sworn evidence was given atvarious ncommissions of inquirycorroborating the traditional account of the miraculous origin and influence of thepicture. Some wills connected with JuanDiego and his contemporaries wereaccepted as documentary evidence.Vouchers were given for the existence of Bishop Zumárraga's letter to hisFranciscan brethren in Spain concerningthe apparitions. His successor, Montufar,instituted a canonical inquiry, in1556, on a sermon in which the pastors andpeople were abused for crowding to the new shrine. In1568the renownedhistorian Bernal Díaz, a companion of Cortez, refers incidentally to Guadalupeand its daily miracles. The lay viceroy, Enríquez, while not opposing thedevotion, wrote in 1575 to Philip II asking him to prevent the thirdarchbishop from erecting a parish and monastery at the shrine. Inaugural pilgrimages wereusually made to it by viceroys and other chief magistrates. Processes, nationaland ecclesiastical, were laboriously formulated and attested for presentation atRome in1663,1666, 1723,1750. The place, called Guadalupe Hidalgo since1822, is three milesnortheast of Mexico City.Pilgrimageshave been made to this shrine almostwithout interruption since1531-1532. In1622a rich shrine was erected, and in 1709 a newer one even richer one. About1750the shrine got the title of 
, a canonry and choir service being established. It was aggregated toSaint John Lateran in1754. In1904it was created a basilica, with the presiding ecclesiastic being called abbot. The shrine has been renovated in Byzantinestyle which presents an illustration of Guadalupan history.
In the year 1909, to put things inperspective, the first night baseball gamewas played by a regular league team, theNorth Pole was discovered, the incometax amendment to the Constitution wasproposed to the states, and Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church was founded.Bishop Chartrand found the property of Mr. and Mrs. John T. Cusak at 5317 EastWashington to be practical, as well asaffordable for the new church. On July 10,the property was purchased for the sumof $2,600. It was not until November thata priest was appointed to the church.Father Joseph Poelhuis of Holy Crosswas named as Pastor of the new church.On December 6, 1909, the Chapel of Our Lady of Lourdes was dedicated. At thededication Father Chartrand spoke of thenew church: "There are, no doubt, manyhere today who will live to see a greatedifice erected and a great congregationworshiping on this site where this littlechapel now marks the beginning."With the growth of the community, theparish expanded quickly, and in 1911there was a great need for the littlechurch. It was decided that a school wasneeded so Father Poelhuis asked theSisters of St. Francis of Oldenburg foteachers. On April 18th of the same year,the Parker property was acquired. Theparker home was used as both a schooland a convent.By 1915, because of this growth, a new school was needed. The parish hadgrown from the original 40 families to 200. The new school building wasdedicated December 19th of that year. It served as both school and chapelsince the old chapel had to be destroyed to make way for the new school-church. While construction was underway, services were temporarily held inthe Sister's residence.In 1919, Father Peolhuis left and Father Michael Lyons took charge onSeptember 7, 1919. One of his first steps was to reorganize the Men's Club.Our Lady of Lourdes experienced continuing growth until 1925. Two thingswere done to ease the overcrowding. First of all, on March 22, one hundred

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