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N25 Waterford Bypass, Contract 3. Final Report on archaeological Investigations at Site 34 in the townland of Newrath, Co Kilkenny Volume 2

N25 Waterford Bypass, Contract 3. Final Report on archaeological Investigations at Site 34 in the townland of Newrath, Co Kilkenny Volume 2

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Published by Brendon Wilkins
This report presents the final results of archaeological and paleoenvironmental investigations
carried out on behalf of Waterford City Council as part of Contract 3 Archaeological Investigations prior to construction of the N25 Waterford Bypass. The work was undertaken
under Excavation Licence number 04E0319, covering site 34 and 35, in the townland of Newrath, Co. Kilkenny. The licence to excavate Site 34 and 35 was issued by the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government to Brendon Wilkins of Headland Archaeology Ltd.
This report presents the final results of archaeological and paleoenvironmental investigations
carried out on behalf of Waterford City Council as part of Contract 3 Archaeological Investigations prior to construction of the N25 Waterford Bypass. The work was undertaken
under Excavation Licence number 04E0319, covering site 34 and 35, in the townland of Newrath, Co. Kilkenny. The licence to excavate Site 34 and 35 was issued by the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government to Brendon Wilkins of Headland Archaeology Ltd.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Brendon Wilkins on Aug 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/06/2011

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Project
 
Code:
 
NWB
 
03
 
Client:
 
Waterford
 
Co.
 
Council
 
Date:
 
May
 
2009
 
N25
 
Waterford
 
Bypass,
 
Contract
 
3.
 
Final
 
Report
 
on
 
Archaeological
 
Investigations
 
at
 
Site
 
34
 
in
 
the
 
townland
 
of
 
Newrath,
 
Co.
 
Kilkenny
 
Volume
 
2
 
Appendix
 
8:
 
Integrated
 
wood
 
report
 
for
 
Site
 
34,
 
Newrath
 
Townland,
 
Co.
 
Kilkenny
 
By:
 
Susan
 
Lyons
 
&
 
Lorna
 
O’Donnell
 
Excavated
 
under
 
Licence:
 
04E0319
 
Director:
 
Brendon
 
Wilkins
 
Chainage:
 
670
 
NGR:
 
25921
 
11446
 
 
 
Project
 
Code:
 
NWB
 
03
 
Client:
 
Waterford
 
Co.
 
Council
 
Date:
 
May
 
2009
 
N25
 
Waterford
 
Bypass,
 
Contract
 
3.
 
Final
 
Report
 
on
 
Archaeological
 
Investigations
 
at
 
Site
 
34
 
in
 
the
 
townland
 
of
 
Newrath,
 
Co.
 
Kilkenny
 
Volume
 
2
 
Appendix
 
8:
 
Integrated
 
wood
 
report
 
for
 
Site
 
34,
 
Newrath
 
Townland,
 
Co.
 
Kilkenny
 
By:
 
Susan
 
Lyons
 
&
 
Lorna
 
O’Donnell
 
Excavated
 
under
 
Licence:
 
04E0319
 
Director:
 
Brendon
 
Wilkins
 
Chainage:
 
670
 
NGR:
 
25921
 
11446
 
 
Headland
 
Archaeology
 
(Ireland)
 
Ltd:
 
N25
 
Waterford
 
Bypass,
 
Contract
 
3,
 
Site
 
34,
 
Volume
 
2
 
ii
 
Table
 
of
 
Contents
 
Page
 
1.
 
INTRODUCTION
 
1
 
2.
 
SCOPE
 
OF
 
WOOD
 
ANALYSIS
 
2
 
3.
 
SAMPLING
 
STRATEGY
 
3
 
3.1
 
On
site
 
strategy
 
3
 
3.2
 
Wood
 
analysis
 
strategy
 
3
 
4.
 
METHODOLOGY
 
4
 
4.1
 
Wood
 
identification
 
4
 
4.2
 
Wood
 
size
 
4
 
4.3
 
Growth
 
ring
 
count
 
&
 
ring
 
width
 
analysis
 
5
 
4.4
 
Preservation
 
&
 
evidence
 
of
 
decay
 
5
 
4.5
 
Toolmarks
 
6
 
4.5.1
 
Background
 
to
 
the
 
analysis
 
of 
 
worked
 
wood
 
and
 
the
 
tools
 
used
 
6
 
4.5.2
 
Toolmarks
 
 from
 
metalworking
 
implements
 
7
 
5.
 
RESULTS
 
8
 
5.1
 
Results
 
of
 
the
 
wood
 
identification
 
and
 
analysis
 
8
 
5.2
 
Wood
 
size
 
9
 
5.3
 
Ring
 
count
 
analysis
 
10
 
6.
 
CHARACTERISTICS
 
OF
 
WOOD
 
SPECIES
 
11
 
7.
 
WOOD
 
RESULTS
 
AND
 
THE
 
ARCHAEOLOGICAL
 
CHRONOLOGY
 
15
 
7.1
 
Early/Middle
 
Bronze
 
Age
 
period
 
15
 
7.2
 
Later
 
Bronze
 
Age
 
period
 
16
 
7.3
 
Iron
 
Age
 
period
 
16
 
7.4
 
Medieval
 
period
 
17
 
7.5
 
Overview
 
of
 
the
 
wood
 
assemblage
 
from
 
the
 
Bronze
 
Age
 
to
 
the
 
medieval
 
period
 
18
 
8.
 
WORKED
 
WOOD
 
ANALYSIS
 
22
 
8.1
 
Individual
 
structures
 
22
 
8.2
 
Worked
 
ends
 
25
 
8.3
 
 Jam
 
curves
 
26
 
8.4
 
Facets
 
30
 
8.5
 
Toolmarks
 
and
 
the
 
archaeological
 
chronology
 
32
 
8.6
 
Differences
 
in
 
spit
 
levels
 
34
 
8.7
 
Analysis
 
of
 
signatures
 
36
 
8.8
 
Tree
 
felling
 
38
 
8.9
 
Cleft
 
timbers
 
39
 
8.10
 
Woodcarving
 
and
 
fine
 
woodworking
 
40
 

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