ACTIVE DIRECTORY – DNS – FSMO – GROUP POLICYWhat Is Active Directory?
Active Directory consists of a series of components that constitute both its logicalstructure and its physical structure. It provides a way for organizations to centrallymanage and store their user objects, computer objects, group membership, anddefine security boundaries in a logical database structure.
Purpose of Active Directory
Active Directory stores information about users, computers, and network resourcesand makes the resources accessible to users and applications. It provides aconsistent way to name, describe, locate, access, manage, and secure informationabout these resources
Functions of Active Directory
Active Directory provides the following functions:
Centralizes control of network resources
By centralizing control of resources such as servers, shared files, and printers,only authorized users can access resources in Active Directory.
Centralizes and decentralizes resource management
Administrators have Centralized Administration with the ability to delegateadministration of subsets of the network to a limited number of individuals givingthem greater granularity in resource management.
Store objects securely in a logical structure
Active Directory stores all of the resources as objects in a secure, hierarchicallogical structure.
Optimizes network traffic
The physical structure of Active Directory enables you to use network bandwidthmore efficiently. For example, it ensures that, when users log on to the network,the authentication authority that is nearest to the user, authenticates themreducing the amount of network traffic.
Sites within Active Directory
Sites are defined as groups of well-connected computers. When you establish sites, domaincontrollers within a single site communicate frequently. This communication minimizes thelatency within the site; that is, the time required for a change that is made on one domaincontroller to be replicated to other domain controllers. You create sites to optimize the use of bandwidth between domain controllers that are in different locations