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Installing Exchange 2007 Server

Installing Exchange 2007 Server

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Published by: anoop29 on Aug 19, 2009
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05/19/2011

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Installing Exchange Server 2007 on
 
a Windows 2008 Server
In this article I will cover the installation of Exchange 2007 SP1 on Windows Server 2008. I will lay out which versions of Exchange are supported on which OS version andalso which domain controller version they can use. I will detail the supported methods tomove from Exchange 2007 on Window Server 2003, to Exchange 2007 on WindowsServer 2008 and finally I will cover the prerequisites needed, before showing the actualinstall.
Note:
At this time, neither Windows Server 2008 nor Exchange Server 2007 SP1 have releasedto manufacturing. As I am therefore working with beta code, certain elements of whatfollows (in particular the screenshots, may change before the final version.
Introduction
It is nearly a year after the release of Exchange 2007 and many of us now have completeExchange 2007 implementations. I guess that means we are looking for something new todo! If this is the case then you won’t be disappointed, as very soon we will be presentedwith the new challenge of moving our existing Exchange 2007 systems onto WindowsServer 2008.Table 1
 
lists
 
the various supported scenarios for Exchange and OS versions.
Exchange Version
 
Server OS Supported for Installation
 Exchange 2003Windows 2000 Server SP4Windows Server 2003 (All SP levels and R2)Exchange 2007 RTMWindows Server 2003 SP1 + SP2 (inc R2)Exchange 2007 SP1Windows Server 2003 SP1 + SP2 (inc R2)Windows Server 2008 RTM
Table 1:
Exchange/OS versions supported for installThe first thing to note is that Exchange 2007 RTM is not supported on Windows Server 2008. To install Exchange 2007 on Server 2008 you must run Exchange 2007 SP1. Thisservice pack, as many of you may know, is a little different from previous service packsin that it is a complete installation of Exchange. Effectively SP1 is RTM with the SP1
 
code slipstreamed into it. Having established that Exchange 2007 SP1 is required toinstall on Server 2008, what other considerations are there?Probably the biggest consideration is Active Directory.
Table 2
sets out the differentDomain Controller versions supported by different versions of Exchange.
Exchange Version
 
Domain Controller OS Supported
 Exchange 2003Windows 2000 Server SP4Windows Server 2003 (All SP levels and R2)Windows Server 2008 RTMExchange 2007 RTMWindows Server 2003 SP1 + SP2 (inc R2)Windows Server 2008 RTMExchange 2007 SP1Windows Server 2003 SP1 + SP2 (inc R2)Windows Server 2008 RTM
Table 2:
The Exchange/Domain Controller support matrixOne new Active Directory feature of Windows Server 2008 which I haven’t mentioned isRead Only Domain Controllers (RODC) (and Global Catalog servers). These are serverswhich do not hold a writable copy of the AD and also do not hold account passwords.They are most likely to be used in branch office scenarios to prevent security breacheseither intentional or accidental. So how do these RODCs affect Exchange? Simply put,Exchange doesn’t use them! When left to automatically associate with a domaincontroller (or global catalog server) Exchange will ignore the RODC or ROGC. Theimportant thing for administrators to remember is not to manually set Exchange to work with a RODC as things simply will not work correctly.One other area that will be welcome to administrators is that with the release of Exchange2007 SP1, the Exchange Management Console will finally be supported on WindowsVista, and for that matter on Server 2008 as well.Before moving on to how we upgrade, I think it is worth clarifying that Exchange 2007SP1 will not install on Windows Server 2008 Server Core. Server Core, for those whohaven’t heard, is a cut down version of Windows Server 2008 which only presents acommand line interface. It has been stripped down to run various server roles includingamongst others Domain Controller, DHCP, DNS, File and Print. However, because a lotof functionality has been stripped out to ensure a small footprint and less need for  patching, important components such as the .Net Framework are not present to supportExchange.
 
Note:
As I mentioned we are currently working with beta code. It is because of this that theUnified Messaging role does not currently install on Server 2008. This will be rectified before release.
The upgrade path
So how do you actually get from Exchange 2007 running on Windows Server 2003 toExchange 2007 SP1 running on Windows Server 2008?Unfortunately, although understandably given the massive architecture changes involved,you cannot simply upgrade Exchange 2007 to Exchange 2007 SP1 and then upgrade theOS to Windows Server 2008. This simply breaks Exchange completely!Even when you have a clustered mailbox server, you cannot perform a rolling upgrade byupgrading one node of the cluster failing over and then doing the other node.The only way is to perform a migration! In other words you must do a clean install of Windows Server 2008 on a new server and then migrate your data. Mailboxes can bemoved using the Move-Mailbox cmdlet and public folder data must be replicated.This has caused a fair amount of discontent on various online forums but it is the onlyway!
Installation
Having looked at all the background, let’s get started with the installation. The first thingto cover is preparing your Windows Server 2008 machine for Exchange 2007. There are a bunch of prerequisites which must be met as listed below:
.Net Framework v2.0 or 3.0
PowerShell RTM
MMC 3.0 (installed by default)
IIS 7 (Various components needed by different roles)For a much more detailed look at the requirements for each Exchange server roleseeExchange 2007 System Requirements.For now we are going to install an Exchange 2007 SP1 server in a new domain and neworganisation. We will install the CAS, HT and Mailbox roles. In order to install the prerequisites we will run the following commands one after the other at a command prompt:
ServerManagerCmd -i RSAT-ADDS 

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