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SPLASHCOS poster - Palaeogeography

SPLASHCOS poster - Palaeogeography

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
At the SPLASHCOS conference this year, WA Coastal & Marine presented a poster on palaeogeographical reconstructions undertaken during the OHCCMAPP. Using freely-available geophysics datasets the team were able to identify areas of potential for the preservation of submerged palaeolandscapes particularly around the Sound of Harris. The research is now in the process of publication and follow-up work is planned.
At the SPLASHCOS conference this year, WA Coastal & Marine presented a poster on palaeogeographical reconstructions undertaken during the OHCCMAPP. Using freely-available geophysics datasets the team were able to identify areas of potential for the preservation of submerged palaeolandscapes particularly around the Sound of Harris. The research is now in the process of publication and follow-up work is planned.

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Categories:Presentations
Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Nov 29, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/01/2013

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Figure 1: Available marine bathymetry datasets for the study area. The -10m Mesolithic scenario highlights the limited overlay between the potential for submerged prehsitoric and nearshore geophyscial surveys.
The recent Outer Hebrides Coastal Community Marine Archaeology Pilot Project (OHCCMAPP) combined the study of three themes: Marine Resource Exploitation, Maritime History & Transport and Submerged Prehistory Potential in preparation for major research projects. A strong focus on working with local people with deep and detailed knowledge of the marine environment has produced a rich cultural heritage background to this thematic work which has enabled greater results than would have been otherwise possible.This approach has culminated in the development of biotope-based palaeogeography models that bring toge
 
ther the marine resources, maritime transport and palaeogeography themes in the Sound of Harris. By integrating local Holocene relative sea-level (RSL) models (Jordan
et al.
 2010), existing regional RSL models and limiting points (Shennan
et al.
 2006; Ritchie 1985), publically-available LiDAR and multibeam bathymetry coverage and field data a number of prospection models have been developed for submerged prehistory particularly for the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods (Fig 1, Table 1).
Table 1: Palaeogeography parameters for selected archaeological periods.
Palaeogeographic reconstruction and submerged prehistory
Human colonisation, dispersal and sea crossings, seafaring,
ModelDate RangeBathymetry MHWSSourceBC/ADMRSL mODm OD-7000 6000-10-Shennan
et al.
 (2006), Gregory
et al.
 (2005), Bishop
et al.
 (2010)-7000 6000-8-Peltier
et al.
 (2002), Gregory
et al.
 (2005), Bishop
et al.
 (2010)-7000 6000-5-high-stand scenario, e.g. including contribution from Storegga tsunami < 6100 BC. Gregory
et al.
 (2005), Bishop
et al.
 (2010), Smith
et al.
 (2006)-7000 6000-15-low-stand scenario. Gregory
et al.
 (2005), Bishop
et al.
 (2010), Lambeck (1993), Peltier
et al.
 (2002)-3800-3.89-1.39Jordan
et al.
 (2010)-2500-2.390.11Jordan
et al.
 (2010)Mesolithic AMesolithic BMesolithic CMesolithic DEarly NeolithicLate Neolithic
Sound of Harris
ScotlandEnglandWales

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