result, there are a marked changed of gender orientation in agricultural sector in villagecommonly. The women worker have been predominant and her role become more importantto survive the family life. They often could not be escaped to exploit the natural resourceswhere its environment is usually bad and without suppoted by an appropriate technology.Thereby, these description then reveal the feminization of poverty in rural region (Iwan Nugroho, 1996).Analysis and research on the poverty phenomenon have been well known (Sajogyo,1975; Bidani dan Ravallion, 1993; Booth, 1993; Worl Bank, 1993). The study generallyused poverty parameter based on an economic measures such as income, consumption, andother basic needs which it was then quantified to the monetize basis. Despite theseapproach is reliable enough as foundation to formulate into a poverty allevition policy,however, the recent situations urgently imposed to incorporate other variables primarilyfrom social indicators. In this relation, World Bank (1993, 1995) have identified more than12 items summarized in
which it is expectedto provide guidance in poverty alleviation programs in the LDCs. These are popularlydepicted as development diamond, consist of four angle: (1) GNP per capita, (2) access toclean water, (3) life expectancy, and (4) gross primary enrollment ratio.
The objective of the research study is to analyze the regional poverty in Indonesia using1994 data through the binary choice models, with considering social and welfare indicatorsinto the model and obtaining probability number of each region.
Bank Dunia secara implisit mengemukakan bahwa kemiskinan dipengaruhi olehkondisi dasar alami (
) dan pengaruh pembangunan (
).Dalam studi ini modelnya disusun sebagai berikut (enam pertama adalah faktor alami,sisanya akibat faktor pembangunan):
POVi = f(WKi, LFi, PEi, RYPi, KIi, AGEi, WATi, Ci, RGDPi, C-RGDPi, RGDPKi, LIi, MDi)
dimana :POVi : poverty criterion (0 poor, 1 not poor)WKi : share of agricultural women worker to national women worker (%)LFi : share of agricultural labor force to national labor force (%)PEi : percentage of population passed primary education (%)RYPi : existence of Red Yellow Podzolik (RYP) and its association (0 not found, 1found)GEOi : geographical region (1 western Indonesia, 0 eastern Indonesia)AGEi : percentage of population above 65 years age (%)WATi : percentage of population posed a drink water facility individually (%)Ci : consumption (Rp/year.capita)RGDPi : regional gross domestic product (Rp)C-RGDP : ratio consumption to RGDP (%)RGDPKi : regional gross domestic product per capita (Rp)ELi : percentage of population posed electric facility (%)MDi : percentage of baby birth helped by doctor or medical specialist (%)i : region or province