10. The Philippines has many folk festivals. The Ati-Atihan festival in Aklan, which commemorates the historic sale of Panay and recalls the peace pact between the Negritoes and the Malays who settled in Akian, is one of them. This eventalso commemorates the feast day of the Sto. Nino. The Sto. Nino is well-loved in Akian. Townspeople and their guests paint their Faces and wear colorful costumes as they dance the streets of Kalibo. A Sunday evening procession in honor of the Sto. Nino brings a solemn end to a week of gaiety.Topic sentence: _______________________________________________________________________________ Unrelated sentence: _______________________________________________________________________________
ACTIVITY 3. Finding Major and Minor Ideas
Sometimes the topic sentence of a paragraph is complicated. Its development has to be more thorough, there are somesentences that directly support the main idea. These are called
. Major details, in turn, are supported byspecifics called
.When you study, you have to read for details. This is also true when you write. In such instances, the first step you musttake is to determine the main idea. Then you support this with major details which, in turn, are supported by minor details.
Read each paragraph carefully, then look for major and minor details to support the main idea which has beenprovided for you.
1. Filipino women before the coming of the Spaniards enjoyed a unique position in society. Customary laws gave themthe right to be the equal of men. They could own and inherit property, engage in trade and industry and succeed to thechieftainship of the barangay in the absence of a male heir. They had the exclusive right to give names to their children-— Agoncillo & Alfonso
Main Idea: Filipino women enjoyed a unique position in society during pre-Spanish time.
1. _____________________________________________________________________________________ a. b.c.2. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. The vulgar in taste — those people whose taste has not been refined through systematic training, criticalobservation and contact with the more cultivated people – are likely to show preference 'or the obvious, the flashy andthe sentimental. They are likely to adorn themselves so as to look like perambulating Christmas trees. They are likely toclutter their homes with odd knickknacks from fairs and bargain counters. They are likely to prefer movies that are fullof sound and fury, signifying nothing. In music, their preference would be those that would cause the splitting of ear drums and the rising of the blood pressure which actually are just noise.-I.V.Mallari
Main Idea: People with vulgar taste prefer the flashy, the obvious, and the sentimental.
1. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Acids can be classified into two groups. Acids which always contain the element carbon are called organic acidsand they often come from growing things like fruits. Citric acid, which is found in calamansi and oranges and other citrus fruits, and acetic acid, which is found in vinegar, are organic acids. Acids which do not contain the elementcarbon are known as inorganic acids. They are usually prepared from non-living matter. Inorganic acids consist only of hydrogen and an acid radical. Hydrochloric acid consists of hydrogen and the chloride radical; and sulphuric acidconsists of hydrogen and the sulphate radical. They are inorganic acids.
Main Idea: Acids can be classified into two groups.
1. _____________________________________________________________________________________ a. b.2. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. He took out of the jute sack a polished coconut shell. The top had been sawed off and holes bored at opposite sides,through which a string tied to the lower part of the shell, passed into a loop. The smaller piece could thus be slipped upand down as a cover. The coconut shell contained cooked rice still a little warm. Buried on the top was a hard-boiledegg. He next brought out a bamboo tube of salt, a cake of brown sugar wrapped in banana leaf and some dried shrimps.Then he spread the sack in what remained of the shade, placed his simple med thereon, and prepared to eat his lunch.But first he drew bucketful of water from the well, setting the bucket on a rock. He seated himself on another rock andate with his fingers. From time to time he drank from the bucket.- Manuel Arguilla