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Iron-Carbon diagram

Iron-Carbon diagram

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Published by: ramprad on Aug 19, 2009
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05/11/2014

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The Iron-Carbon Diagram
There are two iron-carbon equilibrium diagrams:- stable iron-graphite Fe-Gr- metastable iron-cementite Fe-Fe
3
CThe stable condition usually takes a very long time to develop. Themetastable diagram is of more interest. Fe
3
C iron carbide called cementitebecause it is hard.Following phases exist on Fe-Fe
3
C diagram:- liquid solution of iron and carbon (L)- ferrite (
α
) – an interstitial solid solution of carbon in Fe
α
(bcc). At roomtemperature ferrite is ductile but not very strong.- austenite - an interstitial solid solution of carbon in Fe
γ
(fcc).- cementite (Fe
3
C) hard and brittle compound with chemical formula Fe
3
C.It has metallic properties.On a base of Fe-Fe
3
C diagram we can divide iron-carbon alloys into:- steels,- cast steels,- cast irons.Steel is an alloy of carbon and iron and other alloying elements (e.g. Mn, Si)with carbon content up to 2% intended for wrought products or semiproducts.
 
Cast iron is an alloy of carbon and iron and other alloying elements (e.g.Mn, Si) with carbon content over 2% intended for castings.Now, we consider only a part of Fe-Fe
3
C diagram referring to steel.Perlite is a structure (i.e. consists of two phases) consists of alternate layersof ferrite and cementite in the proportion 87:13 by weight. Perlite is formedfrom austenite at eutectoid temperature (A
1
) 727°C upon slow cooling.There are three groups of steels according to carbon content:- hypoeutectoid steels containing less than 0.76% C- eutectoid steel with carbon content about 0.76%- hypereutectoid steels contain more than 0.76% C (up to 2% C).
 
 

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