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Princip Rada i Servisiranje Autoklima Uredjaja

Princip Rada i Servisiranje Autoklima Uredjaja

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Published by: musicmann on Aug 19, 2009
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Princip rada i servisiranje automobilskih klima ure|aja zone International
Aria
1. TEORIJA2. SISTEMI3. KOMPONENTE
^etiri glavne funkcije.....................................................................................................................1Razumevanje toplote.....................................................................................................................2Promena Stanja..............................................................................................................................5Odnos temperatura - pritisak.........................................................................................................6Ozonski omota~.............................................................................................................................7Rashladni fluid R134-a - osobine...................................................................................................8Rashladni fluidi R134-a i R12 - uporedjenje...................................................................................9Klima ure|aj - princip rada (TX sistem)........................................................................................10TXV (sistem sa TX blok - ventilom)..............................................................................................11TXV (sistem sa TX ventilom)........................................................................................................12OT (orifice tube sistem)...............................................................................................................13TXV dupli sistem..........................................................................................................................14Kompresori..................................................................................................................................15Kondenzatori................................................................................................................................22Ispariva~i......................................................................................................................................24Termo-Ekspanzioni ventil (TXV)..................................................................................................25Termo-Ekspanzioni blok ventil (TXV)..........................................................................................26Orifisna (restrikciona) cev (OT)...................................................................................................28Filter su{a~ - resiver (FDR)..........................................................................................................29 Akumulator (kod OT sistema).....................................................................................................30"O" gumeni prstenovi...................................................................................................................31Creva............................................................................................................................................32Priklju~ci za punenje....................................................................................................................33Elektri~ni razvod...........................................................................................................................34
Sta je toplota?Sve materije sadr`e toplotuMerenje toplote[ta prouzrokuje prelaz toplote?Kako toplota ulazi u voziloIsparavanjeKondenzacijaZamrzavanjeSanden sa ljuljaju~om plo~omSanden sa savijenim krilimaHarrison V5 sa promenljivim volumenom (hodom)Panasonic - rotiraju~i krilniMonta`a i pogonKompresorska spojnicaPodmazivanjeTipoviZaptiva~iVentilator kondenzatoraPregrejavanje u ispariva~uKontrola brzine unutra{njeg ventilatoraKontrola ciklusa kompresoraZa{titni ure|ajiSenzoriKontrola temperatureElektronska kontrola temperature
Strana visokog pritiskaStrana niskog pritiskaPrelaz toplote
Sadr`aj
 
Princip rada i servisiranje automobilskih klima ure|aja zone International
Aria
Sadr`aj
!!
4. RETROFITING - Zamena freona R12 sa R134a5 OPREMA ZA SERVISIRANJE6. SERVISIRANJE
Upoznavanje................................................................................................................................51Zamena rashladnog fluida...........................................................................................................52Oprema za rikaveri (Izvla~enje i recikliranje rashladnog fluida)..................................................54Oprema za vakumiziranje (~i{}enje) klima ure|aja.....................................................................55Oprema za punenje klima ure|aja...............................................................................................57Kombinovani ure|aji.....................................................................................................................58Za{tita pri radu za R134-a rashladnim fluidom............................................................................59Detekcija curenja..........................................................................................................................60Podmazivanje uljem......................................................................................................................63Ispiranje kontaminiranog sistema.................................................................................................64Prepreme za servisiranje...............................................................................................................65Testiranje performansi (dijagnoza) klima ure|aja........................................................................68Bu~an rad klima ure|aja..............................................................................................................72Klima ure|aj ispu{ta neprijatan miris...........................................................................................73Pregrejavanje kondenzatora........................................................................................................74Nekorektna koli~ina rashladnog fluida i sistemu.........................................................................75Defektan kompresorski ventil za regulaciju hoda........................................................................75Defektan ekspanzioni ventil.........................................................................................................76Defekt elektromagnetne spojnice kompresora...........................................................................77Blokada (za~epljenje) u sistemu..................................................................................................78Zale|en ispariva~.........................................................................................................................80Topli vazduh ulazi u kabinu putnika............................................................................................80O{te~en kompresor.....................................................................................................................80
 Ariazone 601 - Mini rikaveri ure|ajVla`nost u rashladnom sistemu Ariazone 101 - Vakuum stanica Ariazone 1001 - Stanica za punjenje sa elektronskom vagom Ariaone 500-1 - Automatski centar za servisiranje automobilskih klima ure|ajaVizuelna detekcijaSapunicaElektronski detektori curenjaUltravioletovi fluorocentni detektoriManometriStanje manometra pri normalnom radu klima ure|ajaStanje manometra pri nepravilnom radu klima ure|aja

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