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DuPont History.pdf

DuPont History.pdf

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Published by DefenceDog
History of the Chemical Giant DuPont Industries
History of the Chemical Giant DuPont Industries

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Published by: DefenceDog on Nov 30, 2013
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01/05/2014

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T LE
OFCONTENTIi
Page
This
Is
Du
POnt..........
 
1ABrief
History.
.........
 
2
Du
POntToday
 
.....
 
4riculture.............
 
5oal5Construction............
 
6Electronics7Fibers7
The
GlobalOperations
ofDuPont
8HealthCare
to
ImagingSystems
to
Leisure
 
Petroleum
 
Transportation
 
Du
Pont,theInnovator
 3
ACompanyofPrinciples
 4
Safety
Is
Fundamental
 4
AConcern
for
People
 4
EnvironmentalSensitivity
 5
TheUnendingQuestforQuality
 5
LookingtotheFuture
 6
In
1802
I
du
Pont
deNemoursformed
 
company
onthebanksofhe
Brandywine
River
near
Wihtington
Delaware to
manufac
ure
blackpowder
The
original
Du
Pont
powderworks
have
been
res
oredand
are
now
par
of
the
Hagley
Museum which
deplc
s
the
Industrialdevelopmentof
he
United
States Beneath
 
portrait
oj
thefamed
chemISt
Lavoisierand
hlsprotege
I
du
Pont
five
contemporary
 
Pont
scientists
display
someofthe
tools
0
their
trade
T S
 S U
PONT
 
duPontdeNemoursandCompanywasfoundedin1802,on
the
banksoftheBrandywineRivernear
Wilmington,
Dela-ware,tomanufactureblackpowder.Fromthesemodestorigins,rhecompanyhasgrowntobecomeone
of
the
largestandmostdiversifiedindustrialcorporationsintheworld.
With
morethan140,000employ-
ees
and200manufacturingandprocessingplanrsworldwide,thecompanyhasannualsales
that
haveexceeded
 30
billion.Today,
Du
Ponthaslargelywithdrawnfromtheexplosivesbusiness.Meanwhile,however,thecompanyhasventuredintomorethan
90
othermajorbusi-nesses.
DuPont
productscancurrentlybefoundinmostmajormarketsectors.Fromagriculturetotransportarion,thecompany sproductsareimprovingthequality
of
lifearoundthe
worl ~n
reason
Du
Pontproudlysays
it
is
 making
adifference.
 
Among
he
industries
thaI
Du
 ont
has
entered
through
acqUisitions
are
pharmaceu
ica
s
electronics
petroleum
and
nuclearmedicine
 
RI FHISTORY
Eleuthere
Irenee
du
PontdeNemoursemigrated
co
theUnitedStatesin1800.
In
hisnativeFrance,hehadbeenanapprentice
co
thefamedchemistLavoisier,andwaswell-versedinthecrafe
of
manufacturingblackpowder.Discoveringaneedforqualitypowderinhisadoptedcountry,hedecided
co
gointothebusiness.
The
Du
Pont
Companyremainedessentiallyablackpowdermanufacturerthroughoutitsfirstcentury.
During
thisperiod,
it
achievedgrowthprimarilybyexpandingitsmarketsgeographically,first
co
theAmericanfrontierandlateroverseas.
Within
threeyearsafrerthecompanywasfounded,
Du
POntpowderwasbeingsoldinEurope,markingthebeginning
of
thecompany sevolutionintotheglobalcorporation
we
knowcoday.Bythemid-1800s,
Du
POntproductswerebeingsoldaroundtheworld,andthecompanyhadachievedaworldwidereputationforquality.
 e
hasretained
that
reputation,andthecompany sinternationalcharacterhascontinued
co
evolve.
Du
Ponthasmanufacturingorprocessingoperationsinabout
40
nationsonsix
continents-a
globaldiversification
few
othercorporationscanmatch.One
of
everyfour
Du
POntemployeesworksoutsidethe
United
States.
The
companymarkets
in
morethan150countries.Itsinternationalsalesnowaccountformorethan
40
percent
of
revenues
 
figureexpectedtoincrease
co
50percentby
the
mid-1990s.Acquisitionshavebecomeanother
important
avenue
of
growthfor
DuPont.
The
companymadeitsfirstacquisitionmorethanacenturyago,when
it
purchasedapowder
millin
Pennsylvania,itsfirstmanufacturingexpansionoutsidethe
Wilmington
area.Itsfirst
important
acquisition
out
sidetheexplosivesbusinesswasthe1910purchase
of
 Fabrikoid ,anartificialleatherusedbythefledglingautomobileindustry.Overtheyears,
DuPont
hasacquiredinterestsinmanyothercompanies,some
of
whichremainamongitscorebusinesses.
The
moresignificantacquisitions
that
havehelpedleadthecompanyinconewmarketsincludeRemingtonArms(1933),EndoLaboratories
(1 9),
BergElectronics
(972),
and
New
EnglandNuclearandConoeo(both1981).Thesemarkthecompany sdiversificationintothesportingarms,pharmaceuticals,electronics,nuclearmedicine,andenergybusinesses,respectively.
In
recentyears,thecompanyhaspursuedanaggressiveacquisitionsstrategy;inthe1980salone,
it
hasinvestedmorethan
 10
billion
co
fundmorethan
50
majoracquisirionsandjointventureswithothercompanies.Much
of
thecompany sgrowthhasbeengeneratedinternally.Thiswastheoutcome
of
astrategicdecision
 
diversifybydevelopingnewproductsthroughresearch.
The
yearwas1902,thecompany s
100th
anniversary.Alaboracorywasopenedinnearby
New
Jersey,amongthefirstresearchfacilitiesoperatedbyanycorporation.Ayearlater,theExperimentalStationwasestablishedona152-acresiteonabluffoverlookingrheBrandywineRiver
 USt
downstreamfromtheoriginalpowderworks.
The
decision
co
underrakeaformalresearchprogramrransformed
 
Du
Poneintoascience-basedcompany,andgavebirth
to
atradition
of
discoveryandovation
that
it
hasnurturedeversince.Initially,theresearchconcentratedonways
to
expandthecompany sexisringexplosivesbusiness.
The
focussoonbroadened
to
avariety
of
chemicalprocessesunrelaredtoexplosives.Toextendthecompany snew Fabrikoid synrheticleatherbusiness,research
int
othersynrheticfabrics
was
undertaken.Thisefforrsubsequentlyresulredinthediscovery
of
nylon,rhefirst
of
manyman-madefibers
robe
developedby
Du
Ponrscieneists.Infact,rheannouncement
of
nylonin1938markedthedawn
of
anera
of
synrheticmarerialssuperiortotheirnaturalcounterparts.Anotherkeydiscoverymadetharyearwas Teflon fluoropolymer,asubstancewirhapplicationsthar
ge
fromelecrronics
ro
non-ickcoatingsusedinavasrarray
of
indusrrialandconsumerproducts.
 Orlan
acrylicand Dacron polyesterfollowedin1948and
1950-and
manyothersynrheticfibershavesincebeendevelopedbycompanyscieneists,mostnotably Kevlar aramid(introducedin1970),afibertharpound
for
poundisfivetimesstrongerrhansreel.
DuPont s
prominence
in
thefield
of
polymerchemisrry
is
legendary.
Of
theroughly50majorpolymergroupsknowntoscience,
Du
Pont
participares
in
morethanhalfonacommercialbasis,andhasdeveloped16separatebusinessesbasedonpolymers.This
is
one
of
thereasons
Du
Ponehasachievedaworldwidereputarion
as
a discovery company.
3
TheExperimental
Staion
 s
oneof
the
largest
private
indus
rial
researchcenters
 
theworld
The
company
pioneered
the
science
of
industrialmedicine
to
help
ensure
thesafety
of
itsemployees cusorners
and
neighbors
Du
 ont
polymers
are
usedin
packaging
food
and
other
consumerproducts
around
the
world

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