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Reducing Corruption and Protecting Privacy in Emerging Economies: The Potential of Neuroeconomic Gamification and Western Media Regulation in Trust Building and Economic Growth

Reducing Corruption and Protecting Privacy in Emerging Economies: The Potential of Neuroeconomic Gamification and Western Media Regulation in Trust Building and Economic Growth

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Published by Jonathan Bishop
This chapter presents a location-based affective computing system, which can assist growing emerging markets by helping them reduce crime and increase public safety when used in conjunction with CCTV. Internet systems based on location-based services have increased in availability. Social platforms such as Twitter and Facebook now employ the information on user locations to provide context to their posts, and services such as Foursquare rely on people checking into different places, often to compete with their friends and others. Location-based information, when combined with other records, such as CCTV, promotes the opportunity for a better society. People normally abused by corrupt state officials for crimes they did not commit will now have alibis, shops will be able to more effectively build trust and procure new customers through “social proof,” and other forms of corruption will be tackled such as benefit fraud and tax evasion. Trust that everyone is paying his or her fair share can develop.
This chapter presents a location-based affective computing system, which can assist growing emerging markets by helping them reduce crime and increase public safety when used in conjunction with CCTV. Internet systems based on location-based services have increased in availability. Social platforms such as Twitter and Facebook now employ the information on user locations to provide context to their posts, and services such as Foursquare rely on people checking into different places, often to compete with their friends and others. Location-based information, when combined with other records, such as CCTV, promotes the opportunity for a better society. People normally abused by corrupt state officials for crimes they did not commit will now have alibis, shops will be able to more effectively build trust and procure new customers through “social proof,” and other forms of corruption will be tackled such as benefit fraud and tax evasion. Trust that everyone is paying his or her fair share can develop.

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Published by: Jonathan Bishop on Nov 30, 2013
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06/22/2014

 
Hjpyrknet © 91<7, KNK Nmjilm. Hjpykdn jr gkstrkiutkdn kd prkdt jr `m`htrjdkh bjrcs wktejut wrktt`d p`rcksskjd jb KNK Nmjilm ks prjekikt`g.
GJK6 <1.71<5/;>5-<-7222-7>70-;.he1<8
Y`guhkdn Hjrruptkjd ldg Qrjt`htkdn Qrkvlhy kd @c`rnkdn @hjdjck`s6
We` Qjt`dtklm jb D`urj`hjdjckh
Nlckbhltkjd ldg ^`st`rd C`gkl
Y`numltkjd kd Wrust Iukmgkdn ldg @hjdjckh Nrjwte
LIXWYLHW
Weks helpt`r pr`s`dts l mjhltkjd-ils`g lfi`htkv` hjcputkdn syst`c, wekhe hld lsskst nrjwkdn `c`rnkdn clro`ts iy e`mpkdn te`c r`guh` hrkc` ldg kdhr`ls` puimkh slb`ty we`d us`g kd hjdfudhtkjd wkte HHWR.  Kdt`rd`t syst`cs ils`g jd mjhltkjd-ils`g s`rvkh`s elv` kdhr`ls`g kd lvlkmlikmkty. Xjhklm pmltbjrcs suhe ls Wwktt`r ldg Blh`ijjo djw `cpmjy te` kdbjrcltkjd jd us`r mjhltkjds tj prjvkg` hjdt`xt tj te`kr pjsts, ldg s`rvkh`s suhe ls Bjursqulr` r`my jd p`jpm` he`hokdn kdtj gkfi`r`dt pmlh`s, jbt`d tj hjcp`t` wkte te`kr brk`dgs ldg jte`rs. Mjhltkjd-ils`g kdbjrcltkjd, we`d hjcikd`g wkte jte`r r`hjrgs, suhe ls HHWR,  prjcjt`s te` jppjrtudkty bjr l i`tt`r sjhk`ty. Q`jpm` djrclmmy lius`g iy hjrrupt stlt` j﬈hklms bjr hrkc`s te`y gkg djt hjcckt wkmm djw elv` lmkiks, sejps wkmm i` lim` tj cjr` `fi`htkv`my iukmg trust ldg prjhur` d`w hustjc`rs terjune ”sjhklm prjjb,– ldg jte`r bjrcs jb hjrruptkjd wkmm i` tlhom`g suhe ls i`d`﬌t rlug ldg tlx `vlskjd. Wrust telt `v`ryjd` ks plykdn eks jr e`r blkr selr` hld g`v`mjp.
Fjdlteld Iksejp
H`dtr` bjr Y`s`lrhe kdtj Jdmkd` Hjccudktk`s ldg @-M`lrdkdn Xyst`cs, I`mnkuc
 
Y`guhkdn Hjrruptkjd ldg Qrjt`htkdn Qrkvlhy kd @c`rnkdn @hjdjck`s
KDWYJGPHWKJD
@c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s lr` helrlht`rkz`g iy kd-hr`ls`g clro`t jrk`dtltkjd ldg ld `xpldgkdn `hjdjckh bjudgltkjd (Irutjd, Lemstrjc, & Jimjf, 9115), ldg te`y lr` lssuckdn ld kdhr`ls-kdnmy prjckd`dt pjsktkjd kd te` wjrmg `hjdjcy (Irutjd `t lm., 9115). Hjdhurr`dtmy, bkrcs brjc `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s lr` l nrjwkdn pr`s`dh` kd ld kdt`nrlt`g nmjilm `hjdjcy (Lumloe, Ojtli`, & W``n`d, 9111). We` `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s lr` lmsj cjr` vjmltkm` teld g`v`mjp`g jd`s i`hlus` te` vjmltkmktk`s jb jutput, r`lm kdt`r`st rlt`s, ldg d`t `xpjrts lr` ekne`r bjr `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s (D`uc`y`r & Q`rrk, 9110). @qulmmy, njv`rdc`dts kd `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s lr` udmko`my tj ejmg sub-bkhk`dt r`s`rv`s tj prjt`ht te` vlmu` jb te`kr hur-r`dhy sejumg te`y hjdbrjdt l n`d`rlmks`g kdv`stjr `xkt (Nrli`m, 9118).
WE@ KCQLHW JB W@HEDJMJN[ JD @C@YNKDN @HJDJCK@X
Ekstjrkhlmmy, g`v`mjp`g hjudtrk`s elv` kdv`st`g kd `c`rnkdn lr`ls jb shk`dh` ldg t`hedjmjny? ejw`v`r, `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s wekhe elv` djt pr`vkjusmy kdv`st`g kd r`s`lrhe lr` djw gjkdn sj kd dldjt`hedjmjnk`s (Njuv`l, Mkdtjd, Cjdtjyl, & ^lmse, 91<9). ^kte nmjilmksltkjd ldg te` nrjwte kd `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s, cumtkdltkjdlm `dt`rprks`s (CD@s) djw br`qu`dtmy hjdbrjdt helmm`dn`s ls-sjhklt`g wkte hjrrupt njv`rdc`dts (Pem`diruho, Yjgrknu`z, Gje, & @g`d, 9112). Ejw`v`r, iusk-d`ss nrjups kd `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s lr` lmsj gkb-b`r`dt brjc te` hjdnmjc`rlt`s jb te` lgvldh`g hjudtrk`s kd telt te`y gkg djt g`v`mjp brjc l s`lrhe bjr bkdldhklm gkv`rskbkhltkjd? rlte`r, te`y g`v`mjp`g brjc te` likmkty tj `stlimkse d`w iuskd`ss v`dtur`s (Nukmm`d, 9111). Kdg``g, kdhuci`dt ldg stlrt-up bkrcs kd suhe `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s lr` mko`my tj g`v`mjp `xpmjrltjry strlt`nk`s ls clro`ts kcprjv` kd te`kr gjc`stkh clro`t (Irutjd `t lm., 9115). Kt ks lmsj te` hls` telt cjst `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s lr` prkclrkmy kdt`r`st`g kd nrjwte (Lmm`d, 9110).CD@s jbt`d ltt`cpt tj `xpjrt te`kr `dvk-rjdc`dtlmmy-brk`dgmy t`hedjmjnk`s tj `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s, `v`d we`r` teks ks djt r`qukr`g iy mjhlm m`nlm jr `tekhlm stldglrgs (C`y`r, 9117). Weks ks djt lmwlys te` hls` ls cldy hjcpldk`s lr` b`lrbum te`y wkmm mjs` kdt`mm`htulm prjp`rty kd g`v`mjp`g `hjdjck`s, ldg cldy e`sktlt` tj mkh`ds` t`hedjmjny kd `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s (Clecjjg & Ckthe`mm, 9117). We`r` lr` lmsj b`w kdt`rdltkjdlm trldsb`rs jb kddjvltkv` t`hedjmjny tj `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s ls te`y lr` p`rh`kv`g ls pjss`sskdn mkckt`g kcc`gklt` clro`t r`v`du` pjt`dtklm (Nlrgd`r, <;;;).
Hjrruptkjd
Kd hjrrupt dltkjds, kdgkvkgulms jhhupykdn
iur`lu-hrltkh
 jr pjmktkhlm pjsktkjds br`qu`dtmy lius` te` prkdhkplm‘ln`dt r`mltkjdsekp tj jitlkd pjmktkhlmmy-hr`lt`g r`dts (Q`ytjd & I`mls`d, 91<9). Kt els i``d lrnu`g telt te` p`rvlskv`d`ss jb
hjrruptkjd
 r`bm`hts te` g`nr`` tj wekhe hjrruptkjd ks gksp`rs`g irjlgmy terjunejut te` puimkh s`htjr kd ld `c`rn-kdn `hjdjcy. Kd teks r`nlrg, lriktrlrkd`ss r`bm`hts te` g`nr`` jb udh`rtlkdty ldg hlprkhkjusd`ss lssjhklt`g wkte puimkh s`htjr hjrruptkjd (Pem`d-iruho `t lm., 9112). Kdg``g, kd ijte g`v`mjp`g ldg `c`rnkdn ldg g`v`mjpkdn `hjdjck`s, `hjdjckh br``gjc pmlys te` mlrn`st rjm` kd hjciltkdn hjr-ruptkjd (Q`ytjd & I`mls`d, 91<9).
Lrli Xprkdn Pprkskdns
Kt els i``d lrnu`g telt l skdnumlr blkmur` jb te` Lrli wjrmg ks te` lis`dh` jb l prkvlt` s`htjr wekhe ks kdg`p`dg`dt,
hjcp`tktkv`
, ldg kdt`nrlt`g wkte nmjilm clro`ts (Clmko & Lwlglmmle, 91<8). Kd sj blr ls te` prkvlt` s`htjr n`d`rlt`s kdhjc`s telt lr` kdg`p`dg`dt jb te` r`dt str`lcs hjdtrjmm`g iy te` stlt`, kt hld pjs` l gkr`ht pjmktkhlm helmm`dn` bjmmjwkdn te` Lrli Xprkdn Pprkskdns (kikg). Kt els i``d gkshuss`g telt jd` hld udg`rstldg te`
 
Y`guhkdn Hjrruptkjd ldg Qrjt`htkdn Qrkvlhy kd @c`rnkdn @hjdjck`s
rjm` jb sjhklm c`gkl kd hjmm`htkv` lhtkjd kd te` Lrli Xprkdn Pprkskdns wktejut bkrst tlokdn kdtj lhhjudt te` pjmktkhlm `dvkrjdc`dt kd wekhe te`y jp`rlt` (^jmbsb`mg, X`n`v, & Xe`lb`r, 91<8). Kt ks sunn`st`g te` s`hjdg prkdhkpm` stlt`s telt l skndkbkhldt kdhr`ls` kd te` us` jb te` d`w c`gkl ks cuhe cjr` mko`my tj bjmmjw l skndkbkhldt lcjudt jb prjt`st lhtkvkty teld tj pr`h`g` kt (kikg). We` lgvldh`c`dt kd grjd` t`hedjmjny hld pjs` l rkso bjr ijte hkvkmklds ldg njv`rdc`dts kd hjudtrk`s wkte udstlim` pjmktkhlm hjdgktkjds. Kd te` Lrli Xprkdn Pprkskdns, sjc` njv`rdc`dts sjunet tj suppr`ss te` kdsurn`dts, iut te` cjikm` pejd` clsts w`r` lhhjccjglt`g iy te`c. Kd te` d`lr butur` lkrijrd` ^k-Bk ils` stltkjds hjumg lmmjw sj-hlmm`g r`i`ms tj d`twjro uskdn Kdt`rd`t t`hedjm-jny ls kb te`y w`r` uskdn ld Kdtrld`t.
KCQMKHLWKJDX BJY ^@XW@YD XPYR@KMMLDH@ QJMKH[ KD @C@YNKDN @HJDJCK@X
Cuhe jb te` `xtldt mkt`rltur` jd t`hedjmjny ldg `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s bjhus`s jd te` kssu` jb t`hedjmjny trldsb`r (Okcim` & ^ldn, 91<8). Ejw`v`r, t`hedjmjny els l cuhe wkg`r rjm` tj pmly kd trldsbjrckdn `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s. We` trlgktkjdlm t`hedjmjny trldsb`r cjg`ms gkshuss`g kd teks mkt`rltur` kd r`mltkjd tj te` Pdkt`g Okdngjc w`r` e`lvkmy ils`g jd te` gjc`stkh `hjdjcy, wkte mkttm` kdt`rdltkjdlm trldsb`r jb kddjvltkv` t`hedjm-jny tj `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s jte`rwks` (Ir`c & Cjktrl, 91<9). Kt ks blkr tj sly te` kdbmu`dh` jb Kdbjrcltkjd W`hedjmjny jd `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s ks fust i`nkddkdn (M`imjks, 9117), wekhe cly c`ld surv`kmmldh` prjvkg`s ld jppjrtudkty tj clo` us` jb telt t`hedjmjny. L mlho jb strjdn m`nlm brlc`wjros kd `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s els lmmjw`g l mlrn` kdhr`ls` kd jppjrtudksc, r`dt sekbtkdn, irki`ry, ldg hjrruptkjd (Ejsokssjd, @g`d, Mlu, & ^rknet, 9111). We` rlpkg gkbbuskjd jb t`hedjm-jny kd `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s, hjupm`g wkte kdhjc` wekhe els djt o`pt plh` wkte hjdsuc`r g`skr`s, lr` `xjn`djus blhtjrs telt elv` grkv`d te` nrjwte kd
 pkrlhy
 (Hrktt`dg`d & Hrktt`dg`d, 91<9).Kd te` Pdkt`g Okdngjc,
surv`kmmldh`
 ks r`nu-mlt`g terjune te` 9111 Y`numltkjd jb Kdv`stknl-tjry Qjw`rs Lht (YKQL). Hjudt`r brlug t`lcs kd te` sjhklm s`hurkty g`plrtc`dts ldg cudkhkplm lutejrktk`s elv` te` likmkty tj hjdguht surv`kmmldh` kd hjcpmkldh` wkte YKQL (Iuttjd & Clro 9115). @v`d kd ^`st`rd sjhk`tk`s, te`r` ks stkmm
hjrruptkjd
 lrjudg surv`kmmldh` t`hedjmjnk`s. Bjr kdstldh`, kd  Fumy, 91<< l d`wsplp`r `gktjr elg eks ejus` rlkg`g jd suspkhkjd jb pejd` elhokdn ldg hjrruptkjd.
Quimkh Xlb`ty
Qjmkh` jrnldkzltkjds lr` odjwd tj i` m`ss teld hjjp`rltkv` kd t`rcs jb selrkdn gltl ldg wjro-kdn wkte jutskg` jrnldksltkjds, `v`d we`r` teks cly lkg
 puimkh slb`ty
 ls jd` pjmkh` jbbkh`r put c`dtkjd`g (Xldg`rs & Eldd`c, 91<9). Qjmkh` ln`dhk`s lr` `kte`r
―stldg-lmjd`,‛ ldg selr` kdbjrcltkjd jdmy wkte `lhe jte`r ldg elv` lhh`ss tj t`hedjmjnkhlmmy selr`g kdbjrcltkjd wktekd te`kr jwd ln`dhy jdmy
jr te`y lr`
 plrt jb l mlrn`r hjjp`rltkv` welt ks kdt`r`stkdn ldg brustrltkdn ks telt djw telt teks t`hedjmjny ks lvlkmlim`, tejs` c`ci`rs telt lso`g bjr kt lr` djt c`ci`rs jb te` hjjp`rltkv`.
 Weks wls ld kdt`rvk`w wkte l Hldlgkld pjmkh` jb-bkh`r wekhe wjumg sunn`st kd `c`rnkdn `hjdjck`s tekdns cust i` cuhe wjrs` we`r` hjrruptkjd ks te` djrc. Kd sjc` hktk`s kd ^`st`rd hjudtrk`s, pj-mkh` elv` i``d bktt`g wkte w`lrlim` HHWR, wekhe s`rv`s ls ijte l g`t`rr`dt tj te`c hjcckttkdn liuskv` lhts tjwlrgs te` puimkh ldg c`ci`rs jb te` puimkh gjkdn te` slc` tj te` pjmkh`.

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