OCCURRENCE IN CRUDE DRUGSCrude drugs play a vital role in mediation. They are obtained rom various sour!es li"e plants# animals and minerals. They o!!ur in variety o morphologi!al orms depending on the nature o their sour!es. $arious !rude drugs are brought to the !ommer!ial mar"et in the ollo%ing !ommon orms& '.Entire orm(.Cut# sli!ed or bro"en orm).*atted or pressed orm+.,o%ered orm-.,eeled ormhen !rude drugs o!!ur o natural origin o!!ur in the entire orm their morphologi!al and sensory !hara!ters# li"e shape# te/ture# e/ternal mar"ings# ra!ture# !olour# odour and taste# are o immense signii!an!e in their identii!ation.
& leaves# lo%ers# seeds and bar"s. Or vegetable saps# e/tra!ts and se!retions. (.
& %hole animals# glands or organs# e/tra!ts and se!retions. hen drugs o!!ur in po%ered orm they possess very e% ma!ros!opi! morphologi!al eatures o identii!ation other than some sensory !hara!teristi!s li"e !olour# odour and taste.'.
& Crude drugs may possess almost all types o !olours and shades o !olours.
,o%ders o leaves and herbs generally a!0uire a green to light green to bro%nish green !olour.
,o%ered roots or rhi1omes usually possess a !ream to light bro%n to bro%n !olour.
2ar"s in po%ered orm normally e/hibit a bro%n to deep bro%n !olour.
oods appear o3%hite to !ream to bro%n in their po%ered orm.(.
& Odour is produ!ed by the volatile !onstituents o many drugs. Intensity i the odour depends on the amount o volatile !onstituents the drug possesses. Odours are !hara!teristi! o individual drugs as they vary rom ea!h other in 0uality as %ell as intensity. Odour is an important parameter or distinguishing or even identiying many !rude drugs o natural origin. The terms !ommonly used or des!ribing odours in!lude&
# a pleasing s%eet s!ent.