Research on Humanities and Social Sciences www.iiste.org ISSN 2222-1719 (Paper ISSN 2222-2!"# ($nline %ol.#& No.1"& 2'1#
# economic dimension& such as health& en0ironment and education (6la& 19!9. )hough a oreign concept to the people o 8rica& hristianit has had great inluence on the people4s ,elie sstem& education and culture. )ogether with other religions& hristianit has thereore molded the wa the 8rican people thin and reason. )his has ,een as a result o the impact these religions ha0e had on education& liestle as well as in areas o human de0elopment. In this article& human de0elopment should ,e understood as including the spiritual dimension o lie that co0ers the entire human person. Cet in man plans human de0elopment remains essentiall an adunct to the central aim o generating economic growth and the distri,ution o wealth. In short& polic maers& religious leaders as well as de0elopment worers need to mae the idea o human de0elopment a realit: it is a holistic and ,asic realit and without it there cannot ,e an peace among the people o 8rica and 5ena in particular peace is a prere<uisite to the de0elopment o an nation.
Burther the article aims at pro0iding a ,rie analsis o the role o religion in 5ena4s de0elopment. It warns o the diiculties in attempting to add religion to a list o instruments that can ,e used in de0elopment polic: se0eral actors lead to the conclusion that some undamentall new approaches are necessar on the part o donors themsel0es. 8dditionall& the article mentions sectors in which religion ma pla a positi0e role in de0elopment in 5ena such as measures to stimulate economic growth& management o natural resources& conlict pre0ention and peace ,uilding& health and education& and accounta,le go0ernance. How would these elements translate into speciic polic ideas at dierent le0els o go0ernmentG ?ould the ,e achie0ed through the introduction o the countr4s %ision 2'#'G
1"+ C&T&RE '( REI$I%'
Religion and more speciicall hristianit ha0e ,een growing aster than one would ha0e e>pected in its it ears o political independence. )his growth challenges 5enans to wor hard to access the deeper understanding o earl missionaries4 aith& courage& tenacit& and remara,le intellectual strength. )his is ,ecause: each religion including the glo,al hristian aith has ,een ormed out o a speciic histor and cultural 0alues and not out o ,are theoretical ideas lie the earl missionaries would ha0e lied 5enans to ,elie0e. Bor it to ha0e an eect on the people o 5ena and their urge or an accounta,le and transparent de0elopment ree rom all orms o corruption& religion must im,ued itsel on the peoples4 wa o lie (culture and their ,elie o the supernatural order (religious ,elie sstem. )his is in spite o the earl missionaries percei0ed mistaes ,ased on unounded anthropological ,elie0e that 8ricans were ,acwards and without an nowledge o religious ,elies (See 6la a,o0e. It should ,e noted that the earl missionaries generall ,rainwashed the 8rican persons to an e>tent o maing them creatures o inerior or less gods. )his trend was ,asicall common during the colonial time which started with the commencement o the Aerlin onerence o 1!9. Some missionaries and 8ra, traders went to the e>tent o engaging themsel0es in trading o the 8rican people as sla0es: a ,itter histor that the people o 5ena still har,or in their mind. 6nsla0ing 8ricans and orceull occuping their land& led to the *au *au re0olt without which the countr would ha0e continued to suer under the hands o the 6uropeans ar much longer. 8s this was happening in 5ena the *ai *ai and the Hehe re,ellions were also taing place in the then )angania and toda4s )an=ania. $ne can easil o,ser0e that& the it ears o independence are thereore a product o great struggle , the people o 5ena whose reedom was a result o ,loodshed and should ,e cele,rated with o. )he it ears are thereore a orm o co memori=ation o the ,itter histor that the people o 5ena e>perienced. 8n element o neocolonialism should thereore ,e resisted , all means the 5enan people can appl. )he ,i,le in the ,oo o /e0iticus tells that a nation should and ought to ind its place in e0er it ears& the u,ilee3or the ear o /ord4s a0our
And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land and to all its inhabitants; it shall be a jubilee year for you; it shall be the holy year from which men and women will sow and it is from what they have worked for
(/e0iticus 2 1-;.. )his is a religious call which 5enans should em,race as the cele,rate the it ears o independence.
5ena has had its independence since 19"#& a remara,le it ears o progress and political maturit. Aut as 5enans cele,rate the ear o u,ilee& what can one sa a,out the progress ,eing made on the peopleG Ha0e these ears ,een ears o growth and ha0e the ,een ears o nation al integration or ,arel ears o ,igotr and ethnic hatredG Has de0elopment ,een reali=ed in all parts o 5ena and at what le0el can one ascertain transormational change among the people o 5enaG )his article shall thereore e0aluate and assess the inluence o religion& culture and hristianit and the role o education on the 5enan people. )he purpose is to show that there e>ist some religious undamental actors inluencing de0elopment among the people o 5ena. )he o,ecti0e is to e0aluate the impact and eects o religion on human de0elopment in all dimensions. )he positi0e de0elopment that has resulted on the 5enan people and their inclination to hristian aith and practice or an other religious creeds will thereore ,e