filed a petition for
directly with the Supreme Court questioning the validity of his detention.
Did the Senate have the power to punish the petitioner for contempt for refusing to reveal the name of the person to whom he gave the Php440,000.00? 2.
Did the Senate have the authority to commit petitioner for contempt for a term beyond its period of legislative session? 3.
May the petitioner rightfully invoke his right against self-incrimination?
the petition for habeas corpus filed by Arnault.]
Yes, the Senate had the power to punish the petitioner for contempt for refusing to reveal the name of the person to whom he gave the Php440,000.00.
Although there is no provision in the  Constitution expressly investing either House of Congress with power to make investigations and exact testimony to the end that it may exercise its legislative functions as to be implied. In other words, the power of inquiry
with process to enforce it
is an essential and appropriate auxiliary to the legislative function. A legislative body cannot legislate wisely or effectively in the absence of information respecting the conditions which the legislation is intended to effect or change; and where the legislative body does not itself possess the requisite information
which is not infrequently true
recourse must be