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capitulo3estatica

# capitulo3estatica

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08/22/2014

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PROBLEM 3.1
A 13.2-N force
P
is applied to the lever which controls the auger of asnowblower. Determine the moment of
P
A
when
α
is equal to 30°.
SOLUTION
First note
( )
sin13.2 Nsin306.60N
x
P
α
= = ° =

( )
cos13.2 Ncos3011.4315 N
α
= = ° =
y
P
Noting that the direction of the moment of each force component about
A
is counterclockwise,
//
A B A y B A x
x P y P
= +

( )( ) ( )( )
0.086 m11.4315 N0.122 m6.60 N
= +
1.78831 Nm
=
or 1.788 Nm
A
=
M

PROBLEM 3.2
The force
P
is applied to the lever which controls the auger of asnowblower. Determine the magnitude and the direction of the smallestforce
P
which has a 2.20-Nm
A
.
SOLUTION
For
P
to be a minimum, it must be perpendicular to the line joining points
A
and
B
.
( ) ( )
22
86 mm122 mm149.265 mm
= + =
AB

11
122 mmtantan54.81986 mm
α θ
= = = = °
y x
Then
min
=
A AB
r
or
min
=
A AB
P
2.20 Nm1000 mm149.265 mm1 m
=
14.7389 N
=

min
14.74 N
=
P
54.8
°
or
min
14.74 N
=
P
35.2
°

PROBLEM 3.3
A 13.1-N force
P
is applied to the lever which controls the auger of asnowblower. Determine the value of
α
knowing that the moment of
P
A
is counterclockwise and has a magnitude of 1.95 Nm.

SOLUTION

By definition
/
sin
θ
=
A B A
M r
where
( )
90
θ φ α
= + °
and
1
122 mmtan54.81986 mm
φ
= = °
Also
( ) ( )
22/
86 mm122 mm149.265 mm
= + =
B A
Then
( )( ) ( )
1.95 Nm0.149265 m13.1 Nsin54.81990
α
= ° + °
or
( )
sin144.8190.99725
α
° =
or 144.81985.752
α
° = °
and 144.81994.248
α
° = °
50.6, 59.1
α
= ° °