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capitulo3estatica

capitulo3estatica

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Published by dmendieta
estatica matimaticas URL
estatica matimaticas URL

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Published by: dmendieta on Aug 20, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/22/2014

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PROBLEM 3.1
A 13.2-N force
P
is applied to the lever which controls the auger of asnowblower. Determine the moment of 
P
about
 A
when
α 
is equal to 30°.
SOLUTION
First note
( )
sin13.2 Nsin306.60N
 x
 P
α 
= = ° =
 
( )
cos13.2 Ncos3011.4315 N
α 
= = ° =
 y
 P
  Noting that the direction of the moment of each force component about
 A
 is counterclockwise,
//
 A B A y B A x
 x P y P 
= +
 
( )( ) ( )( )
0.086 m11.4315 N0.122 m6.60 N
= +
 1.78831 Nm
=
 or 1.788 Nm
 A
=
M
 
 
 
 
PROBLEM 3.2
The force
P
is applied to the lever which controls the auger of asnowblower. Determine the magnitude and the direction of the smallestforce
P
which has a 2.20-Nm
counterclockwise moment about
 A
.
SOLUTION
For 
 P 
to be a minimum, it must be perpendicular to the line joining points
 A
and
 B
.
( ) ( )
22
86 mm122 mm149.265 mm
= + =
 AB
 
11
122 mmtantan54.81986 mm
α θ 
= = = = °
 y x
 Then
min
=
 A AB
r
 or 
min
=
A AB
 P 
 2.20 Nm1000 mm149.265 mm1 m
=
 14.7389 N
=
 
min
14.74 N
=
P
54.8
°
 or 
min
14.74 N
=
P
35.2
°
 
 
 
PROBLEM 3.3
A 13.1-N force
P
is applied to the lever which controls the auger of asnowblower. Determine the value of 
α 
knowing that the moment of 
P
 about
 A
is counterclockwise and has a magnitude of 1.95 Nm.
 
SOLUTION
 
By definition
/
sin
θ 
=
 A B A
M r
 where
( )
90
θ φ α 
= + °
 and
1
122 mmtan54.81986 mm
φ 
= = °
 Also
( ) ( )
22/
86 mm122 mm149.265 mm
= + =
 B A
 Then
( )( ) ( )
1.95 Nm0.149265 m13.1 Nsin54.81990
α 
= ° + °
 or 
( )
sin144.8190.99725
α 
° =
 or 144.81985.752
α 
° = °
 and 144.81994.248
α 
° = °
 50.6, 59.1
α 
= ° °
 

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