Problems with high-stakes standardized testing
Norm-referenced standardized testing is biased towards upper-, middle-class, white, male, native speakers of prestige dialect of English
Scores mostly measure these factors, not what child knows or has learned.
Family income explains vast majority of variance in test results.
Curriculum narrows towards what is on the test.
Only knowledge and skills that can be tested easily are assessed.
creativity, curiosity, empathy, leadership
High-stakes testing for schools, districts, teachers, administrators means higher likelihood of cheating.