Volume 2 • Issue 9 • 1000144 Altern Integ MedISSN: 2327-5162 AIM, an open access journal
Open AccessResearch Article
Alternative & Integrative Medicine
Bhavanani et al., Altern Integ Med 2013, 2:9http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2327-5162.1000144
Yoga therapy; Cardiovascular eﬀects; Psycho-somatic harmony
Humanity is today aced with numerous debilitating chronic illnesses related to aging, environment and an increasingly hedonistic liestyle. Tese illnesses include cancer, diabetes, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease, as well as incurable diseases such as AIDS. While modern medicine has much to oﬀer in its treatment o acute illness, accidents and communicable diseases, it cannot provide all the solutions or the many ills that plague 21
century (woman). Yoga, as a complement to modern medicine, can be especially useul in helping to ﬁll in the gaps in the ﬁelds o disease prevention, management and rehabilitation. When combined, modern medicine and yoga turn out to be more than the sum o their parts. What is the source o this synergy between modern and ancient science? While modern science looks outward or the cause o all ills, the yogi searches the depths o their own sel, ﬁnding therein many o the answers he needs to maintain a vital equilibrium. Te combination o the outward and inward search proves to be more eﬀective than either alone. Dr. Dean Ornish, the renowned American physician and author who has shown that a yogic liestyle can reverse heart disease, says, “Yoga is a system o perect tools or achieving union as well as healing” . Dr. B. Ramamurthy, the eminent neurosurgeon, has observed that yoga practice reorients the unctional hierarchy o the entire nervous system . He has also noted that yoga beneﬁts the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, and endocrine systems, in addition to bringing about other positive biochemical changes. For humanity to take ull advantage o its birthright o health and happiness, it is imperative that modern, science-based medicine integrate the holistic approach o traditional healing techniques like yoga. Only in this way can medical practitioners provide true health care, as opposed to merely caring or the sick. Te result will be an improvement in the quality o health, and lie, around the world.Numerous studies have been done in the past ew decades on psycho-physiological and biochemical changes occurring ollowing practice o yoga [2-9]. A ew clinical trials have also shown promise despite yoga not being ideally suited or the scientiﬁc gold standard o ‘double-blind’ clinical trials [10,11] and though we are truly yet to research and understand subtler eﬀects o yoga . Evidence is also growing that yoga practice is a relatively low-risk, high-yield approach to improving overall health and wellbeing . It has been rightly pointed out that yoga is qualitatively diﬀerent rom any other mode o physical activity in that it consists o a unique combination o isometric
Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, CYTER, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Pillayarkuppam, Pondicherry 607402, India, Tel: 91-413-2622902; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
September 28, 2013;
November 11, 2013;
November 13, 2013
Bhavanani AB, Ramanathan M, Madanmohan (2013) Immediate Cardiovascular Effects of a Single Yoga Session in Different Conditions. Altern Integ Med 2: 144. doi:10.4172/2327-5162.1000144
© 2013 Bhavanani AB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Immediate Cardiovascular Effects of a Single Yoga Session in Different Conditions
Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani
*, Meena Ramanathan
Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Pillayarkuppam, Pondicherry, India
Department of Physiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Pondicherry, India
Aim and objective:
This retrospective review of clinical data was done to determine cardiovascular effects of a single yoga session in normal subjects as well as patients of different medical conditions.
Data of 1896 patients (1229 female, 633 male and 34 transgender) with mean age of 36.28 ± 12.64 y who attended yoga therapy sessions at CYTER between November 2010 and September 2012 was used for analysis. Heart rate (HR), systolic (SP) and diastolic pressure (DP) had been recorded using non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) apparatus before and after 60 minute yoga sessions at CYTER and indices like pulse pressure (PP), mean pressure (MP), rate-pressure product (RPP) and double product (DoP) were derived from recorded parameters. Participants were undergoing appropriate yoga therapy protocols as per their individual condition while normal subjects had a general schedule of practice. Typical yoga sessions included simple warm ups (jathis and surya namaskar), breath body movement coordination practices (kriyas), static stretching postures (asana), breathing techniques (pranayama), relaxation and chanting.
There were statistically signicant (p<0.001) reductions in all the studied cardiovascular parameters following the yoga session. The magnitude of reductions differed in the groups, it being more signicant in those having hypertension (n=505) and less signicant in those having endocrine/skin (n=230) and musculoskeletal (n=120) conditions. It was moderately signicant in the normal subjects (n=582) as well as patients having psychiatric
(n=302) and respiratory (n=157) conditions.
There is a healthy reduction in HR, BP and derived cardiovascular indices following a single yoga session. The magnitude of this reduction depends on the pre-existing medical condition as well as the yoga therapy protocol adopted. These changes may be attributed to enhanced harmony of cardiac autonomic function as a result of coordinated breath-body work and mind-body relaxation due to yoga.