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Moreland Report Final

Moreland Report Final

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Published by Nick Reisman

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Published by: Nick Reisman on Dec 02, 2013
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01/22/2014

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T
HE
C
OMMISSION
 
TO
I
NVESTIGATE
P
UBLIC
C
ORRUPTION
 
P
RELIMINARY
EPORT
 
D
ECEMBER
2,
 
2013 C
O
-
CHAIRS
:
ATHLEEN
ICE
 M
ILTON
W
ILLIAMS
,
 
J
. W
ILLIAM
F
ITZPATRICK 
 
 
 
i
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
 
Letter to Governor
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Executive Summary
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Outside Income, Member Items, and Personal Use of Campaign Accounts
 . . . . . . 14 I.
 
Outside Income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 A.
 
Recommendations: Further Disclose Outside Income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 II.
 
Abuse of Member Items and Legislatively-Directed Funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 A.
 
Recommendations: Even Greater Accountability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 III.
 
Unlawful Personal Use of Campaign Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 A.
 
Recommendation: End Unlawful Personal Use. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Our Campaign Finance System
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 I.
 
The Commission’s Investigation of Money in Politics . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 A.
 
Large Donations and Pay-to-Play Culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 B.
 
Unlimited Contributions: High Limits,
Party “Housekeeping” Accounts and LLCs.
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 C.
 
Undisclosed Independent Expenditures in New York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 II.
 
Reforming our Campaign Finance System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 A.
 
Public Financing of Candidates for State Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 B.
 
Dissenting Opinion: Public Financing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 C.
 
Reforming Our Contribution Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 D.
 
Strengthened Disclosure Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
 
 
ii E.
 
Strengthened Administration and Enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
The Board of Elections and Election Law Enforcement
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 I.
 
A Stagnant, Party-Based Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 II.
 
Policies and Practices Designed for Inaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 A.
 
Mismanagement of Complaints and Refusal to Open Investigations . . . . . . 64 B.
 
Incompetent Enforcement of Campaign Finance Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 C.
 
Failure to Use Available Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 III.
 
Recommendation: Create an Independent Enforcement Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Tools to Fight Corruption
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 I.
 
Penal Law Reforms to Combat Corruption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 A.
 
Recommendation: Reform the Bribery Statute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 B.
 
Recommendation: Prohibit Undisclosed Self-Dealing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 C.
 
Recommendation: Sentencing Enhancement and  New Collateral Consequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 D.
 
Recommendation: Replace Transactional Immunity with Use Immunity in Public Corruption Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 E.
 
Recommendation: Reform New York’s Accomplice
 Corroboration Requirement in Public Corruption Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 F.
 
Dissenting Opinion:
Reforming New York’s Accomplice
Corroboration Requirement in Public Corruption or All Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Conclusion and Next Steps
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

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