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Moreland Commission to Investigate Public Corruption Preliminary Report 2013-12-02

Moreland Commission to Investigate Public Corruption Preliminary Report 2013-12-02

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Published by Applied Web NY
Moreland Commission to Investigate Public Corruption was charged by Governor Cuomo on July 2, 2013 to probe systemic public corruption and the appearance of such corruption in state government, political campaigns and elections in New York State. The report reflects the findings of the Commission and makes recommendations to toughen and improve existing laws and procedures.
Moreland Commission to Investigate Public Corruption was charged by Governor Cuomo on July 2, 2013 to probe systemic public corruption and the appearance of such corruption in state government, political campaigns and elections in New York State. The report reflects the findings of the Commission and makes recommendations to toughen and improve existing laws and procedures.

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Published by: Applied Web NY on Dec 03, 2013
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12/18/2013

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T
HE
C
OMMISSION
 
TO
I
NVESTIGATE
P
UBLIC
C
ORRUPTION
 
P
RELIMINARY
EPORT
 
D
ECEMBER
2,
 
2013 C
O
-
CHAIRS
:
ATHLEEN
ICE
 M
ILTON
W
ILLIAMS
,
 
J
. W
ILLIAM
F
ITZPATRICK 
 
 
 
i
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
 
Letter to Governor
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Executive Summary
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Outside Income, Member Items, and Personal Use of Campaign Accounts
 . . . . . . 14 I.
 
Outside Income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 A.
 
Recommendations: Further Disclose Outside Income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 II.
 
Abuse of Member Items and Legislatively-Directed Funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 A.
 
Recommendations: Even Greater Accountability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 III.
 
Unlawful Personal Use of Campaign Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 A.
 
Recommendation: End Unlawful Personal Use. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Our Campaign Finance System
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 I.
 
The Commission’s Investigation of Money in Politics . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 A.
 
Large Donations and Pay-to-Play Culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 B.
 
Unlimited Contributions: High Limits,
Party “Housekeeping” Accounts and LLCs.
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 C.
 
Undisclosed Independent Expenditures in New York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 II.
 
Reforming our Campaign Finance System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 A.
 
Public Financing of Candidates for State Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 B.
 
Dissenting Opinion: Public Financing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 C.
 
Reforming Our Contribution Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 D.
 
Strengthened Disclosure Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
 
 
ii E.
 
Strengthened Administration and Enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
The Board of Elections and Election Law Enforcement
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 I.
 
A Stagnant, Party-Based Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 II.
 
Policies and Practices Designed for Inaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 A.
 
Mismanagement of Complaints and Refusal to Open Investigations . . . . . . 64 B.
 
Incompetent Enforcement of Campaign Finance Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 C.
 
Failure to Use Available Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 III.
 
Recommendation: Create an Independent Enforcement Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Tools to Fight Corruption
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 I.
 
Penal Law Reforms to Combat Corruption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 A.
 
Recommendation: Reform the Bribery Statute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 B.
 
Recommendation: Prohibit Undisclosed Self-Dealing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 C.
 
Recommendation: Sentencing Enhancement and  New Collateral Consequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 D.
 
Recommendation: Replace Transactional Immunity with Use Immunity in Public Corruption Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 E.
 
Recommendation: Reform New York’s Accomplice
 Corroboration Requirement in Public Corruption Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 F.
 
Dissenting Opinion:
Reforming New York’s Accomplice
Corroboration Requirement in Public Corruption or All Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Conclusion and Next Steps
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

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