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5. Use of English Modals

5. Use of English Modals

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Published by Ana

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Published by: Ana on Dec 03, 2013
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06/13/2014

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USE OF ENGLISH Modal Verbs (December 2013)
ABILITY:
She
could
 swim when she was five = She
was able to
 swim when she was five He
managed
 to reach Brighton before midnight = He
was able to
 reach Brighton before midnight
POSSIBILITY:
He
may / might / could
 come tomorrow =
Perhaps
 he
will
come tomorrow =
It’s likely / possible that
 he
will
come tomorrow He
may / might / could
 know the answer =
Maybe
 he knows the answer = He
is likely to
 know the answer
Can / could / might
 he succeed? =
Is he likely to
 succeed? =
Is it likely / possible that
 he
will
succeed?
PERMISSION:
They
allowed
 him
to enter
 the building = They
let
him
enter
the building
Can / could / may
 I ask you a question?
ADVICE:
You
should / ought to
 stop smoking = You
had better
 stop smoking =
It’s (h
igh / about) time
 you stopp
ed
smoking
Shall I
 wear this dress? =
Do you think I should
 wear this dress?
CERTAINTY / DEDUCTION:
They
must
be at home =
I’m sure
 they are at home He
can’t
 be over thirty =
I’m sure
 he is
n’t
 
over 30 = It’s
impossible
 he is over thirty You
couldn’t have broken
 the windowpane =
I don’t
think
 you
broke
 the windowpane
SUGGESTION: Shall we
 go to the park? =
We could / can
 go to the park
if you like
Let’s go
to the park =
How / What about
 go
ing
 to the park?
= Why don’t we go to the p
ark?
ABSENCE OF NECESSITY
It isn’t necessary
 for you
to
 give him a present = You
needn’t
give him a present = You
don’t have to
 give him a present
It wasn’t necessary
 for him
to
 buy the milk = He
needn’t
have
 bought the milk = He
didn’t have to
 buy the milk
OBLIGATION / NECESSITY
He
is obliged
 to do shift works = He
must
 do shift work = He
has to
 do shift work You
must
 dress smartly to work here =
It’s essential that
 you dress smartly to work here. My car
needs
 repairing = My car
needs to be
 repaired =
It’s
 necessary
 for my car to be repaired.
PROHIBITION
You
mustn’t
 enter the room =
It’s forbidden that
 you enter the room = Your entering the room
is not permitted
. You
can’t
 wait here = You
aren’t allowed
 to wait here
REQUESTS Could / Can
 you prepare some tea, please? =
Would you mind
 preparing some tea, please? =
Will / Would
 you prepare some tea, please? =
Would you be so kind as to
 prepare some tea?
OFFERS Shall/Can I/we
 help you? =
Would you like
 me/us to help you?
PREFERENCES
She
doesn’t want
 me to leave now = She
would rather
 I
didn’t leave now = She
would rather
 I left later I
prefer
 driv
ing
 
to
 fly
ing
 = I
prefer
 driving
rather than
 flying = I
would rather
 drive
than
 fly
PRACTICE
1.
 
She was able to play the guitar when she was eight years old. (COULD) 2.
 
I was told to work late at the office yesterday. (HAVE TO) 3.
 
Those bags look heavy. Let me help you. (CAN) 4.
 
You worry too much. My advice to you is
“Relax”. (SHOULD)
 
 
5.
 
It’s not a good idea to eat so much
chocolate. (SHOULD) 6.
 
I insist you say sorry to him. (MUST) 7.
 
It
isn’t possible for me to meet you this
evening. (CAN) 8.
 
There is a possibility of better weather tomorrow. (MIGHT) 9.
 
I’ve finished my exams. It isn’t necessary for
me to study any more. (HAVE TO) 10.
 
Oh no! Are you going to leave the party so soon? (HAVE TO) 11.
 
I do
n’t believe that’s the right answer.
(CAN) 12.
 
I think you’d better get some medical
advice. (SHOULD) 13.
 
Why use the car? Why don’t you cycle to
work? (COULD) 14.
 
I think it’s a good idea for everybody to eat
less meat. (SHOULD) 15.
 
It was impossible to understand a word he said. (COULD) 16.
 
It necessary for Irish people to take a passport to enter Britain. (HAVE TO) 17.
 
Our family went to the seaside every summer but not any more. (USED TO) 18.
 
I’m certain Tim has gone home. His jacket’s
not here. (MUST) 19.
 
What about going to Pizza Express this evening? (SHALL) 20.
 
I’m sure this is the restaurant we ate at.
(MUST) 21.
 
This definitely isn’t the restaurant we ate at.
(CAN) 22.
 
Maybe this is the house we’re looking for.
(COULD) 23.
 
I want to leave the room. (MAY) 24.
 
Please help me with my bags. (WOULD) 25.
 
You are not allowed to smoke in this building. (MUST) 26.
 
Saturday tomorrow! It isn’t necessary for
me to get up early. (HAVE TO) 27.
 
She is able to play the guitar really well. (CAN) 28.
 
Why don’t we have a quiet evening at
home? (SHALL) 29.
 
She is an excellent guitarist but a terrible singer. (CAN) 30.
 
My advice to you is “Don’t be pessimistic!”
(SHOULD) 31.
 
Is it all right if I use the phone? (MAY) 32.
 
I wanted to go to the party but it was raining hard. (COULD) 33.
 
School uniform is not compulsory in my school. (HAVE TO) 34.
 
It is possible for everyone to do this exercise. (BE ABLE TO) 35.
 
It isn’t necessary for you to do any more
exercises today. (HAVE TO)
MORE PRACTICE
1. I'm sure John locked the office before leaving. He always does = John 2. If I were you I would tell him the truth. = You 3. It isn't necessary for her to phone me back = She 4. Ann finished the project on her own although it wasn't necessary to do so. = Ann 5. It was a mistake to sell the house. I wish I hadn't. = I 6. Perhaps we'll go swimming tomorrow. = We 7. I think Mary is probably at home because the windows are open = Mary

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