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Highway Geometric Design

# Highway Geometric Design

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07/10/2013

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Design Highway Geometric

traffic, traffic capacity and benefit-cost considerations. However, speed is the factor which is important governing most of the geometric design elements of roads, as may beseen from the subsequent articles of this chapter.4.1.2
Design Controls and criteria
The geometric design of highways depends on several design factors. The importantof these factors which control the geometric elements are:(1)Design speed(2)Topography(3)Traffic factors(4)Design hourly volume and capacity(5)Environmental and other factors.Design speed The design speed is the most important factor controlling the geometric designelements of highways.

The cross slope for shoulders should be 0.5% steeper than the cross slope of adjoining pavement, subject to a minimum of 3.0% ( and a maximum value of 5.0% for earthshoulders).
Providing camber in the field
For providing the desired amount and shape of camber, templates of camber boardsare prepared with the specified camber. These are used to check the lateral profile of finished pavement during construction. Depending on the shape of the camber chosen,the camber of parabolic camber, the general equation y = x2/a may be adopted.Hence,
Example 4.1
In a district where the rainfall is heavy, major district road of WBM pavement, 3.8 mwide, and a state highway of bituminous concrete pavement, 7.0 m wide are to beconstructed. What should be the height of the crown with respect to the edges in thesetwo cases ?
Solution
For WBM roadProvide a camber rate of 1 in 33 as the rainfall is heavy. Rise of crown with respect toedgesFor bituminous concrete road Provide a cross fall of 1 in 50Rise of crown with respect to the edges
4.2.3 Width of Pavement or Carriageway
The pavement or carriageway width depends on the width of traffic lane and number of lanes. The carriageway intended for one line of traffic movement may be called atraffic lane. The lane width is determined on the basis of the width of vehicle and theminimum side clearance which may be provided for the safety. When the side clearanceis increased ( up to a certain limit ) there is an increase in operating speed of vehicles andhence an increase in capacity of the traffic lane. Keeping all these in view a width of 3.75m is considered desirable for a road having two or more lanes, width of 3.5 m per lane isconsidered sufficient.