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al fatiha

al fatiha

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Published by: jawedahmad24 on Aug 20, 2009
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06/18/2013

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al-Fâtiha - The Opening
1. In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.2. Praise be to God, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the world;3. Most Gracious, Most Merciful;4. Master of the Day of Judgment.5. Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.6. Show us the straight way,7. The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace,those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray.
 
- translation by Abdullah Yusuf Ali
 Al-Fâtiha is the first sûrah (chapter) of the Qur'ân, and was one of the earliest portions of the Qur'ân revealed to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel. The entire Qur'ânwas revealed in the years from 610 to 632 AD.The Arabic word
 fâtiha
indicates an
opening 
,
beginning 
or 
commencemen
t, and is derivedfrom the root f-t-h which means
to open, unlock, reveal, conquer 
.The idea of 
opening 
or 
beginning 
is significant in several ways: first, this is the openingverse of the Qur'ân, secondly, this is said to be the first complete sûrah that was revealedto the Prophet, but more importantly this name also symbolizes the fact that the grace of Allâh has opened the doors of Life to us and that as we begin to live our lives in harmonywith the ways of Allâh, the heart truly begins to open, thereby allowing us to begin toallow the Divine Presence of the One to consciously manifest openly through our dailylives, and thus, it is we that have been opened by the grace of the Opener.In many ways, the verses of the Fatiha are virtually identical to a prayer that Jesus gave,called the Lord's Prayer, as recorded in Matthew 6:9-13, and are also nearly identical totheGayatri Mantra which was given in the Rig Veda. In each of these glorious prayers, the opening lines sing praise of The One, while the final lines acknowledge the gift of Divine Guidance on the path of Righteousness and Understanding.
 
The Fatiha, the Lord's Prayer and the Gayatri Mantra all illustrate a specific manner of communion with the Divine. In each of these glorious supplications, the opening lines area recognition of the Glory and Majesty of the The One, and then the prayer is closed byhonoring the guidance of the One who guides us all... not a selfish request for specificthings for the little "me", but a selfless recognition of the wondrous gifts that arecontinually bestowed upon all of mankind.There is only one God, and for those who find it difficult to say the name Allah, it may behelpful to note that in the Semitic language of Aramaic that Jesus probably spoke, theAramaic name that is translated as
God 
in the European bible was actually Alaha. Indeed,Allah of the Qur'an and Alaha of Jesus are the same One, there is only one God (andArabic was largely derived from the earlier Aramaic, much the same as Aramaic wasderived from the earlier Hebrew). However, the name
God 
is a relatively new, and perhaps unfortunate, European invention that has been the source of muchmisunderstanding, fear and hatred. 
A deeper look into The Opening:
 
The following is the Fatiha, line-by-line in Arabic, followed by a simple transliteration,and four well-known English translations.
(Pronunciation guide: i as in sit, a as in bat, u as in put, â as the a in father, î as the ee in reel, û as the oo inmoot.)
 bismillâh ir-rahmân ir-rahîm
Yusuf Ali:
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
 Pickthall:
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
 Shakir:
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
 Muhammad Ali:
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. 
 
al-hamdulillâhi rabb il-âlamîn
Yusuf Ali:
Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds;
 Pickthall:
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds,
 Shakir:
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
 Muhammad Ali:
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds. ar-rahmân ir-rahîm
Yusuf Ali:
Most Gracious, Most Merciful;
 Pickthall:
The Beneficent, the Merciful.
 Shakir:
The Beneficent, the Merciful.
 Muhammad Ali:
The Beneficent, the Merciful. mâliki yawm id-dîn
Yusuf Ali:
Master of the Day of Judgment.
 Pickthall:
Master of the Day of Judgment,
 Shakir:
Master of the Day of Judgment.
 Muhammad Ali:
Master of the day of Requital. 

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