Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
8Activity
P. 1
Skupni nalaz rimskih zizaka prilog proucavanju urbane istorije Singidunuma

Skupni nalaz rimskih zizaka prilog proucavanju urbane istorije Singidunuma

Ratings: (0)|Views: 510|Likes:
Published by ancrnobrnja4297
A GROUP FIND OF ROMAN CERAMIC LAMPS - A CONTRIBUTION TO THE STUDY OF THE URBAN HISTORY OF SINGIDUNUM
The Belgrade City Museum stores 43 Roman ceramic lamps that are classifiable according to the classic typologies for this category of artefacts dating from the Roman period. All of them are low quality products, with their bodies wheel-thrown,
and the nozzles and handles modelled by hand. Their common feature is a flat disk tending to a variety of slightly concave forms. The varied interrelationships between the body and nozzle, the position of the handle and the width of the shoulder permit their division into five subtypes. As many as 34 lamps were found in 1944 during the construction of an air-raid shelter in Students' Park. The excavators reported that as
many as 70 had been found, but offered no information
whatsoever about the context of find. The 3rd-century Roman structural remains in the
immediate vicinity, as well as the state of preservation
of the lamps that found their way to the Museum lead to the assumption that they themselves
were found in a structural context. Given that almost all the lamps from that site show signs of use-wear and are very well preserved, it may be
assumed that the structure(s) where they may have been was destroyed at one point. Direct analogies for the type can be found in Bulgaria, in the district of Pazarjik, which has yielded a large number of
locally manufactured specimens presumed to have been used in a place of worship. Similar lamps occurring in Pannonia are usually related with the
5th variety of Ivanyi XXII. The shape of our specimens
is closer to Loeschcke VIII, the use of which has been dated to the 1st to 3rd century, and whose later phase sees a serious decline in the quality of manufacture. The distinct combination of the body and damaged nozzle in No 19 also indicates a relation
with Loeschcke VIII. Our lamps may have been a local response to an increasing demand,
meaning a more expedient production (potter's wheel) and a simpler form, along with a partial imitation of earlier shapes. The lamps analyzed in
this paper may be defined as one of the subsequent,
late, varieties of Loeschcke VIII, which precede similar lamps in Pannonia. As chronological indicators may be used references to barbaric incursions in 253/4, a number
of coin hoards both from the town of Singidunum and from its environs, as well as the potteries discovered under the National Theatre the end of
whose activity falls shortly after 251/2. The destruction of these potteries may be attributed to the same causes. The abovementioned evidence
gives us grounds to assume that our lamps are very
likely to have come from a place of worship the use
of which was brought to an end by a barbaric incursion about the middle of the 3rd century, and shortly after the year 253.
A GROUP FIND OF ROMAN CERAMIC LAMPS - A CONTRIBUTION TO THE STUDY OF THE URBAN HISTORY OF SINGIDUNUM
The Belgrade City Museum stores 43 Roman ceramic lamps that are classifiable according to the classic typologies for this category of artefacts dating from the Roman period. All of them are low quality products, with their bodies wheel-thrown,
and the nozzles and handles modelled by hand. Their common feature is a flat disk tending to a variety of slightly concave forms. The varied interrelationships between the body and nozzle, the position of the handle and the width of the shoulder permit their division into five subtypes. As many as 34 lamps were found in 1944 during the construction of an air-raid shelter in Students' Park. The excavators reported that as
many as 70 had been found, but offered no information
whatsoever about the context of find. The 3rd-century Roman structural remains in the
immediate vicinity, as well as the state of preservation
of the lamps that found their way to the Museum lead to the assumption that they themselves
were found in a structural context. Given that almost all the lamps from that site show signs of use-wear and are very well preserved, it may be
assumed that the structure(s) where they may have been was destroyed at one point. Direct analogies for the type can be found in Bulgaria, in the district of Pazarjik, which has yielded a large number of
locally manufactured specimens presumed to have been used in a place of worship. Similar lamps occurring in Pannonia are usually related with the
5th variety of Ivanyi XXII. The shape of our specimens
is closer to Loeschcke VIII, the use of which has been dated to the 1st to 3rd century, and whose later phase sees a serious decline in the quality of manufacture. The distinct combination of the body and damaged nozzle in No 19 also indicates a relation
with Loeschcke VIII. Our lamps may have been a local response to an increasing demand,
meaning a more expedient production (potter's wheel) and a simpler form, along with a partial imitation of earlier shapes. The lamps analyzed in
this paper may be defined as one of the subsequent,
late, varieties of Loeschcke VIII, which precede similar lamps in Pannonia. As chronological indicators may be used references to barbaric incursions in 253/4, a number
of coin hoards both from the town of Singidunum and from its environs, as well as the potteries discovered under the National Theatre the end of
whose activity falls shortly after 251/2. The destruction of these potteries may be attributed to the same causes. The abovementioned evidence
gives us grounds to assume that our lamps are very
likely to have come from a place of worship the use
of which was brought to an end by a barbaric incursion about the middle of the 3rd century, and shortly after the year 253.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: ancrnobrnja4297 on Aug 20, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/20/2010

pdf

 
Digzcqh l|mg nmkinhpcpi di kmghaius kmdupipmzidh mupieh ehzhndmo di!ucyi idphtkmo Uhdoh`sdsai mpk|hzcd gcunstigdm. r|hnhkma o|i`wc uiz|cacdmoiLcmo|i`i$ Aiwh l|mg mzikm mp|hzcdhfdinih{pi hup|ibcd gc s mkzh|si{phpdhf i|fcmnm{khf hup|ibhziwi.`mk gc digzcqh l|mg hdjm|aiehgi rmpc!kim ui nmkinhpcpi kmgh us uiam czh`cd!ph|idh. h ui kmghf us s diglmyca unstigsrmksrycdh rmk|cpdh i|fcmnm{kh dini!h$ Mzmg `|somg o|srh dinih{pi r|hri!`i h nmkinhpcp di kmac gc di~cd digzcqhl|mg bhbiki m kmghai qc lhph |iu!r|izyidm s mzmac |i`s$
9
M sunmzhai rm` kmghai us r|mdi~cdi50 m` 05 bh{ki. m kmghai qc mz`c lhph|cth. uitszidm gc zcmai ainm rm`ipiki$Mupinm gc ilcncbcdm `i us s gsomhu!pmtdma sons Sdhzc|hpcpukmo ri|ki&`idiu Ups`cdpukh ! ki|pi 9-9(. r|hnh!kma kmriwi |mzmzi i uknmdh{pi 9800$om`hdc kmdupipmzidh mupieh o|i~czhdi.kim h `i gc r|mdi~cd zcqh l|mg |haukhfmlgckipi7 bhbiki. rnmthei i rm` hp`$Sunmzh dhus lnhbc rmdiph. i mlgckphus `idiu hoslycdh$
<
Ac~spha. dckmnh!km om`hdi kiudhgc gc mlgizycd rm`ipik`i uc s Ascgs o|i`i Lcmo|i`i dinihzh{c m` ?2 bhbiki m`|c~cdhf kim phr
HHH
. zi|hgidpi <. thgh gc digzcqh l|mgdi~cd sr|izm s Sdhzc|hpcpukma ri|ksh s snheh L|iqc Gsomzhqi$
5
Kim hnsup|i!ehgi pmo phri. `ipc us unhkc bhbiki ikmgc uia szh`ma s hdzcdpi|ukc kwhoc su!pidmzhm `i us uzh r|mdi~cdh di nmkinh!pcps s Sdhzc|hpcpukma ri|ks$ Rmu!pizyigs uc rhpiwi7 kmnhkm gc bhbiki.dc uiam mzmoi phri. ihupi r|mdi~cdm dipma nmkinhpcps. kmnhkm whf lmo nm{cmtszidmuph dhgc r|cdcpm s Ascg. kim hkmnhks gc kmnhthds ui`|bim r|cprmu!pizycdh `crmhp di mzmac nmkinhpcps=
UKSRDH DINIW \HAUKHF BHBIKI ! R\HNMOR\MSTIZI_S S\LIDC HUPM\HGC UHDOH@SDSAI
I@IA D$ E\DML\_I
Om`h{wik o|i`i Lcmo|i`i
Kw$
VNZHH!VNZHHH
. <222!<229$
i|fcmnmohgh rmunc munmlm~cwi.
 Ascgh
9. Lcm!o|i` 9806. 9<5!9<8$ Oi|i{idhd @$. Dckmnhkm|haukhf o|mldhei h Lcmo|i`i.
 Ascgh
<. Lcm!o|i` 9808. 90:!930($
5
Kmd`hq Z$ h Pm`m|mzhq G$. Wlh|ki |haukhfbhbiki s Ascgs o|i`i Lcmo|i`i.
Om`h{wik as! cgi O|i`i Lcmo|i`i
HHH
. Lcmo|i` 983:. ?9!?<. un$ <3!50$ Kim acupm dinii. ispm|h dizm`c uiam pm `i gcdigzh{c r|hac|iki mzmoi phri r|mdi~cdm s snh!eh L|iqc Gsomzhqi h s Sdhzc|hpcpukma ri|ks$
9
Wi supsrycdh aipc|hgin ifzindmup `sosgca `|Unizheh K|sdhq. |skmzm`hmes M`ucki i idph!ks Ascgi o|i`i Lcmo|i`i$ E|pcbc bhbiki gch|i`hni Biknhdi E|dml|wi$
<
Oi|i{idhd A$ h @$.
 I|fcmnm{ki dinih{pi sU|lhgh
. Lcmo|i` 9839. 9<:$ Mzig nmkinhpcp uc dcurmahwc s r|cpfm`dha hzc{pighai m i|fcm!nm{kha dinih{phai di pns Lcmo|i`i &Oi!|i{idhd @$. \i` Ascgi o|i`i Lcmo|i`i di
 
Bh{eh
@idiu uc s Ascgs o|i`i Lcmo|i`idinic 05 idphtkc uzcphykc. kmgc uc rmuzmgha ki|ikpc|huphkiai dc amos phrm!nm{kh m`|c`hph di mudmzs kniuhtdhfphrmnmohgi i mzs z|ups mlgckipi h|ha!ukmoi rc|hm`i$ _hf 50 us r|mdi~cdc s gs!omhupmtdma sons Sdhzc|hpcpukmo ri|!ki &`idiu Ups`cdpukh(. rm gc`di s rm`|s!as Kmdiki kwcohwc Yslhec h s @mwcao|i`s di Kincaco`ids. i i ? dhgc rmdi!pm acupm dinii$ Mudmzdi igc`dhtki ki!|ikpc|huphki uzhf mzhf bhbiki gc `i usr|mhzc`cdh di zhpns$ Di mzs thwcdhesskisgs p|iomzh s zh`s kmdecdp|htdhfk|somzi di rmz|{hdh `huki hnh di `ds|cehrhgcdpi. kim h p|io di `ds ui sds!p|i{wc up|idc |cehrhgcdpi$ Di pm `imzikzh p|iomzh srsqsgs `i us bh{ehkmgh hf rmuc`sgs h|i~cdh di zhpns. ski!idm gc s nhpc|ips|h.
0
inh ah gc di pmuk|cdspi ribwi h m` up|idc zigi|i$ @|s!oi igc`dhtki ki|ikpc|huphki mzmoi ph!ri gcupc rymudiph `huk. kmgh s uzmacmlnhks ambc `i zi|h|i m` ompmzm rmprs!dm |izdmo. `m lniom kmdkizdmo mlnhki$Mpzm| i syc uc km` uzhf r|hac|iki di!nih s uiama ecdp|s `hukmui h ainmo gcr|ctdhki$ Dckmnhkm bhbiki ui h|ih!phgc s`slycdha `hukma pikm~c uiamr|c`cnhm kim am|jmnm{kh u|m`dc mu!pinhai$ Pm uia sthdhm ls`sqh `i mzikzi|inhki s honc`s dhgc rmunc`hei `|s!oithgco dithdi h|i`c. zcq uiam `|s!oithgc mlizycdmo rmupsrki s wcomzmar|mecus$
3
@hacdhgc di{hf bhbiki usainc. pc uc `sbhdi k|cqc hac~s 38 h 66
I@IAD$ E\DML\_I:6
0
L|mdcc| M$. Pc||iemppi Niaru.
Hupfahi 
HHH. Dcw Gc|ucx98??. <?$
3
R|hnhkma ml|i`c di zhpns. kmditid honc` `hu!ki uc jm|ah|i lnioha r|hphukma di wcomzsrmz|{hds$ Ecm r|mecu h|i`c r|h pma mupigc hu!ph$9$ Gsomhupmtdh soim Sdhzc|hpcpukmo ri|ki.nmkinhpcp di kmac us r|mdi~cdh mupieh mlgckpih zcqhdi bhbiki$<$ Mlgckip di nmkinhpcps Ups`cdpukh p|o l|$ :$5$ Mlgckip di sons sn$ Ziuhdc h Ups`cdpukmop|oi &Ziuhdi <0($0$ i. l ! mlgckph h
HHH
zcki s lnmks hac~s snheiL|iqc Gsomzhqi h Uhahdc &Upi|i Onizwiti.`idiu R|h|m`dm aipcaiphtkh jiksnpcp($3$ Pc|ac h
HHH
zcki s uczc|miri`dma sonsUps`cdpukmo ri|ki$:$ Rnipm hur|c` Jhnmmjukmo jiksnpcpi. mlgck!ph h
HH!HZ
zcki$?$ Soim snhei Omurm`i| Gcz|camzc h KircpidAh{hdc. b|pzcdhk h 93 bhbiki$6$ Soim sn$ J|idesukc h L|iqc Gsomzhqi. kc|i!ahti|ukc rcqh `ipmzidc s rc|hm` m` rmnmzhdc
HH
`m rmnmzhdc
HHH
zcki$9$
Umspfciup em|dc| mj Sdhzc|uhpx ri|k. uhpc wfc|c amupmj ec|iahe niaru id` |caihdu mj up|seps|c wc|c jmsd`$<$ Up|seps|c ip pfc uhpc Ups`cdpukh p|o :5$ Up|seps|c ip pfc em|dc| mj Ziuhdi Up|ccp id`Ups`cdpukh p|o &Ziuhdi <0(0$ i. l ! up|seps|cu j|ma pfc 5
|`
ecdps|x hd fmsuc lnmek lcpwccd up|ccpu L|iqc Gsomzhqi id` Uhahdi& Upi|i Onizdgiti. dmwi`ixu Jiesnpx mj Uehcdec id` Aipfcaipheu(3$ Pfc|aic j|ma pfc 5
|`
ecdps|x hd dm|pfwcupc|d em|dc|mj Sdhzc|uhpx ri|k :$ Rnipcis hd j|mdp mj Jiesnpx mj Rfhnmumrfx. up|seps|cuj|ma <
d`
!0
pf
ecdps|x?$ Em|dc| mj up|ccpu Omurm`i| Gczc|camzi id` KircpidAh{hdi. inpi| id` 93 ec|iahe niaru$6$ Em|dc| mj up|ccpu J|idesuki id` L|iqc Gsomzhqi. rmp!pc|x khndu `iphdo j|ma pfc ah`!<
d`
pm pfc ah`!0
pf
ecdps|x$
 
aa
. i r|ctdhk |cehrhgcdpi m` 3: `m ?<
aa
$ Uhnscpi ha gc dhuki. h whfmzi zhu$zi|h|i hac~s 98 h 5<
aa
$ Dmu h `|{kius am`cnmzidh r|uphai. thgh uc p|iomzhdi admohai m` whf smtizigs$ \inhki sam`cnmziws mzhf `cnmzi bhbiki monc`iuc s pmac {pm us dckh dmuczh h `|{kcdiupinh uiam r|cam`cnmziwca `cnmzi|cehrhgcdpi. `mk us `|soh dir|izycdhm`zmgcdm. ri pck ipha r|h`m`iph di pc!nm bh{ki$ Uzh bh{eh us h|i~cdh m`u|c`wc `m `ml|m r|cth{qcdc cayc. um!nh`dm us rctcdh. ui zi|hgiehgiai lmgc m`uzcpnm bspc `m mkc|. h m` lnc`m `m di!|idviupm e|zcdc$Di mudmzs zi|hgiehgi ac~sumldmom`dmui |cehrhgcdpi h dmui. rmnmbigi`|{kc h {h|hdc |iacdi. amos uc smthphhzcudc r|izhndmuph kmgc `mzmyizigs|iz|upiziwc mzc o|src bhbiki s dckm!nhkm phrmzi79( Uzcphykc ui lniom kmdkizdha `hu!kma. {h|mkha mzindha |iacdma h dcdi!oni{cdha dmuma. kmgh uc ompmzm upiri ui|iacdma &kip$ l|$ 9 ! ?($<( Uzcphykc rmrsp zi|hgidpc 9. inh uidioni{cdhgc s`slycdha `hukma &kip$l|$ 6 ! 9<($5( Uzcphykc ui lniom kmdkizdha `hukmalc |iacdi h giudm h`zmgcdha dmuma&kip$ l|$ 95 !98($0( Uzcphykc ui `hukma m`zmgcdha m` |i!acdi pidkma rniuphtdma p|ikma hnh `h!jc|cdehgiehgma mlm`i uiamoi `huki$Amos uc |inhkmziph `zc zi|hgidpc7 i !ui unilhgc dioni{cdha. m|oidukh rmzc!idha dmuma &kip$ l|$ <2 ! <:(; l ! uizcqha dmuma kmgh {p|th h zcnhkma |s!rma di wcas &kip$ l|$ <? ! 09($3( Uzcphykc ui `hukma m`zmgcdha m` |i!acdi pidkma rniuphtdma p|ikma h ui om!pmzm tcpz|piupha. dioni{cdm h`zmgc!dha dmuma &kip$ l|$ 0< ! 05($
R|mlnca phrmnm{kmo m`|c~hziwi
@h|ckpdc idinmohgc di{ca phrsrmupmgc s Modcdmzs. s Rii|vhukma mk!|sos s Lsoi|ukmg. o`c gc pikm~c r|mdi~cdzcqh l|mg r|hac|iki kmgh uc zcsgs i pi!am{ws nmkinds |i`hmdhes h `ipsgs uc s
HHH ! HZ
zck d$c$
:
Srm|c~sgsqh mlnhkcbhbiki r|mdi~cdhf s Lsoi|ukmg hdi{hf. ambc uc kmdupipmziph `i gc r|h!uspdi h hzcudi rm`s`i|dmup s honc`swhfmzhf rm`phrmzi$ Rmznitcqh idinm!ohgc ui am|jmnm{kh digunhtdhghabh{ehai. Ksaidmz skisgc di r|hac|chRidmdhgc. kmgh us s rmdipmg kniuhjh!kiehgh @$ Hziwh mditcdh kim phr
VVHH
.zi|hgidpi 3$
?
Uzcphykc unhtdc di{ha uc gizyigs di pc|hpm|hgh r|mzhdehgc Ridm!dhgc. kim h di nmkinhpcphai pc r|mzhd!ehgc kmgh uc dinic s lnhhdh Uhdoh`s!dsai$ S Uh|ahgsas gc czh`cdph|idm dc!kmnhkm uzcphykh kmgc ispm| uz|upizi sphr
Hzidxh VVHH
. inh skisgc h di whfmzsurcehjhtdmup s m`dmus di mupinc r|h!ac|kc mzmoi phri. kikm s mlnhks pikm hs z|uph onhdc m` kmgc us r|mhzc`cdc$
6
Uzcphykc kmgc uc rm uzmgha am|jm!nm{kha ki|ikpc|huphkiai dc sknirigsrmprsdm s phr
Hzidxh VVHH
. i s kmgh hf is!pm|h uz|upizigs. r|mdinibcdc us h s mk!zh|s ksnps|dmo unmgi di Omamnizh. h iwhf gc uiam hdcpi r|cprmupizki `i r|h!
UKSRDHDINIW\HAUKHFBHBIKI ! R\HNMOR\MSTIZI_S$$$:8
dcu Riddmdheic 
. Uc|hcu <. Dm$ <. Ls`ircup 9853. <2$
6
\sl|hofp G$ E$. Niaru j|ma Uh|ahsa hd pfc Asucsa mj U|cauki Ahp|mzhei.
Uh|ahsa 
HHH. Lcmo|i` 98?5. 30$
:
Ksaidmz O$.
 Idphtdh niarh
. UmjhÐ 988<. 0?.Phr
VNHH
. kip$ l|$ 5:0!588$
?
Hlh`$
. 0?; Hzidxh @$. @hc Riddmdhuefcd Niarcd. chdPxrmnmoxuef!Ef|mdmnmohuefc Slc|uhefp.
@huuc|piphm! 

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Corleone12 liked this
Corleone12 liked this
pinckey liked this
tatarka01 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->