AIR SWEETENINGIn this process sour gasoline fractions are sweetened bydissolving air in the hydrocarbon phase followed by contactingwith a strong NaOH aqueous solution. The reaction productsformed are disulphides which dissolve in the sweetened gasolineand water remaining in the aqueous phase.ALCOHOLSA class of organic compounds containing oxygen (as a hydroxyl),of which ethyl alcohol (the alcohol of potable spirits and wines) isthe best known. They can react with acids to form esters. They arelargely used as solvents.ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONSHydrocarbons in which the carbon atoms are arranged in openchains, which may be branched. The term includes paraffins andolefins and provides a distinction from aromatics and naphtheneswhich have at least some of their carbon atoms arranged in closedrings.ALKALIIn chemistry, any substance having marked basic properties. In itsrestricted and common sense, the term is applied only tohydroxides of ammonium, lithium, potassium, and sodium. Theyare soluble in water, they have the power of neutralising acids andforming salts with them and of turning red litmus blue. In a moregeneral sense, the term is also applied to the hydroxides of the so-called alkaline earth metals - barium, calcium, and strontium.ALKALI TESTA test to determine the presence or absence of free alkali infinished oils after chemical purification.ALKALINEHaving the properties of an alkali; opposite to acidic.ALKALINITYThe amount of free alkali in any substance.
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