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Lumbini and Its Master Plan

Lumbini and Its Master Plan

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Published by: uddhab_puri8936 on Aug 20, 2009
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01/13/2013

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Lumbini And Its Master Plan
Uddhab puri
Chief Editor of Ithas Pravah
Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha
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and the Fountain of WorldPeace
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is one of the most holy places.The Buddhists or non - Buddhists,Who loves peace want to develop and further promote Lumbini for theworld peace and prosperity. Nepal must be proud of it and dedicate for theconservation and completion of it's Master Plan
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. His Majesty's Governmentof Nepal and Lumbini Development Trust are fully committed to thedevelopment of Lumbini according to the Master Plan.But after 27 years of the implementation of the Master Plan, there are nogood conservation, preservation and adequate development work asanticipated. Few works are done by Lumbini Development Trust. The office-bearers of the Trust claim with pride that all development works are goingon according to the Master Plan but in reality there is no substantialachievement. Most of the development works of Lumbini are done inhaste and rush, so it has not attained anticipated consequence. The major hidden aspect of such drawback is acceptance of commission andemployment of the disqualified and involvement of the inexperiencedtechnicians. Government, concerned ministry and Trust must have clear vision and commitment for the development of the Master Plan andconservation of birth place of Lord Buddha, but it may not be hypecriticism on the Trust's miss management. The bitter comment is made herefor the better future of Lumbini.Lumbini, the birth place of Buddha is a historically and culturallyrich sanctuary. There are ancient and archaeological relics dating back tothe third century B.C. and earlier.
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It is one of the world prominentheritages and it is for the future generation. Archaeological relics of theLumbini relating to the Lord Buddha, representative of the peace and betterment for world society, must be well conserved
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. Lumbini is thematter of world concern. United Nations Organization had taken muchinterest for its development and asked Prof. Kenzo Tange, Japan, to prepare the Master Plan
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. Master Plan was finalized in 1978 A.D.
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The Lumbini Master Plan covers 1 3 sq. miles expanding 1 mile eastwest and 3 miles north-south. Total holding land of Lumbini is 77o(1150 bighas) hectres and Lumbini Development Trust has ownership of the area. Before, discussing about the Master Plan of Lumbini, we can notforget late king Mahendra and late U Thant,the Secretary General of United Nations, who had made substantial contributions for the development of Lumbini. Late U Thant visited Lumbini and later on met late kingMahendra in 1967. As a result, the United Nations Organization made adecision to get the Master Plan prepared for the development of Lumbini.According to the Master Plan, Lumbini's tropical landscape isnorth-south and Lumbini area is divided into three zones like SacredGarden Zone, Monastic Zone and New Lumbini Village Zone ,whichinclude four elements: the Sacred Garden, Lumbini Center, Cultural Center and the Monastic Enclaves
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.
Sacred Garden
Within the Master Plan, the Sacred Garden is in the extreme southern part.It is the most important living historical and archaeological site. AsokanPillar, Marker Stone and other relics found there are related to LordBuddha. The Sacred Garden, the focal point of Lumbini Garden circle is900m. The Asokan Pillar was erected in Lumbini 249 B.C.by MauryaEmperor Asoka. He was there guided by his preceptor Upagupta. In thatstone pillar an inscription stating clearly
here Sakyamuni Buddha wasborn(Hida Budhe Jate Sakyamuniti)
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.
The Marker Stone pinpoints the exactlocation of the birth place of Lord Buddha. It was discovered during theexcavation of the Maya Devi Temple site in 1996 A. D. Lumbini wasdiscovered on Dec 1,1896 A.D. by Gen Khadga Shamsher, the then governor of Palpa,Nepal and German scholar Dr. Alois Fuhrer, an archaeologicalsurveyor in British India. The Nativity Sculpture, the image of Buddhaand Maya Devi is dated back to 4th
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century A.D. The Marker Stone and the Nativity sculpture are well managedinside the Maya Devi Temple. The
 Puskarani
or Sacred Pond is famous asMaya Devi took bath just before giving birth to the Buddha and Buddha wasalso given his first purification bath there. At the holy complex of LumbiniGarden covered group of Stupas (ancient Lumbini Village) back to the 3rdcentury B.C
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.The Master Plan designs here to create an atmosphere of Buddha'smessage of spirituality and peace. New construction would be removed. TheSacred Garden area is surrounded by man made pond, a circular levee andforest
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. After long time discussion, construction of Maya Devil temple wascompleted according to UNESCO archaeological norms
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. But it is not fullysatisfactory so UNESCO has also made a complaint.His Majesty's Government has done archaeological excavation andconservation in the Maya Devi Temple complex, pond and circular levee to be completed. Lack of trained manpower and dedicate archaeologists, thework of archaeological conservation process is progressing in the tortoisespeed.
The Monastic Zone
The Monastic Zone has covered one mile sq. of the Master Plan. It isin North of the Sacred Garden or the center of the forest area. Monastic Zoneis divided by main canal in two plots, for the Theravada and MahayanaMonasteries. Forty two plots, 13 in east and 29 in west are there
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. On theeastern side of the Zone, Theravadi monasteries are built by Myanmar,Thailand, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and in the western side, Mahayani monasteriesare built by China, Korea, Japan, Nepal, Vietnam, France, Germany, Austria,and others. The current state of allocation of monastery is 8 in east and 20 inwest and remaining plots are 5 in east and 9 in west
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There will be researchcenter, library, auditorium, museum and cultural center for the study of Buddhism. But most of the constructions are not in accordance with theMaster Plan. There is lack of co-ordination between Trust and Monastry.Because of poor supervision, some monastery holders and some L.T.D. persons are making undue monetary benefit.
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