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Modulation and Frequency Synthesis x Digital Wireless Radio

Modulation and Frequency Synthesis x Digital Wireless Radio

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12/18/2012

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Modulation and Frequency Synthesis forWireless Digital Radio
by
Walter T. BaxB. Eng., M. Eng.
A thesis submitted tothe Faculty of Graduate Studies and Researchin partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of PhilosophyOttawa-Carleton Institute of Electrical EngineeringDepartment of ElectronicsCarleton UniversityOttawa, Canada© Copyright October 1999
 
The undersigned hereby recommend to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Researchacceptance of the thesis
Modulation and Frequency Synthesis forWireless Digital Radio
submitted by
Walter T. BaxB. Eng., M. Eng.
in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of PhilosophyChair, Department of ElectronicsThesis SupervisorExternal ExaminerCarleton UniversityOctober 1999
 
iii
Abstract
A new wideband modulator architecture, that is suitable for continuous-phase constant-envelope modulation schemes, is presented in this thesis. The technique is based on directmodulation of a high resolution
∆Σ
frequency discriminator based synthesizer to producethe modulated RF signal without up-conversion. The advantage of this architecture is thatit does not require mixers or D/A converters to generate the In-phase and Quadraturesignals as in conventional GMSK modulators. This eliminates many of the analogproblems associated with mixing and filtering and results in an architecture suitable formonolithic integration.A high modulation data rate is possible, without sacrificing phase noise performance,through digital equalization of the synthesizer closed-loop response. A digital GMSKtransmit filter pre-shapes the data symbols and additionally compensates for thesynthesizer closed-loop response. This permits the use of a narrower synthesizerbandwidth to attenuate the
∆Σ
quantization noise, while equalization effectively widensthe modulation bandwidth to handle high data rates. The digital equalization filter addslittle complexity to the transmitter architecture, since it is combined with the Gaussiandata filter. Matching between the transmit filter and the synthesizer closed-loop responseis not an issue since the loop parameters are digitally defined and are therefore predictable.An experimental GSM modulator operating at 2GHz was developed to validate thesuitability of the architecture for use in wireless communication systems. It makes use of acustom BiCMOS
∆Σ
frequency discriminator chip that is a key component in themodulator architecture.

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