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Industrial Relations

Industrial Relations

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Published by Durga Prasad Dash

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Published by: Durga Prasad Dash on Aug 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/14/2013

 
LKH^WX_LAC _NCAXLIKW
Lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw lw ~wnh xi hnkixn xfn giccngxl}n rncaxlikwflzw onxunnkdakaendnkx akh xfn uirbnrw+ Xrahlxlikacc| # xfn xnrd lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw lw~wnh xi gi}nr w~gf awzngxw im lkh~wxrlac clmn aw xrahn ~kliklwd# giccngxl}noarealklke# uirbnrw“ zarxlglzaxlik lk dakaendnkx# hlwglzclkn akh erln}akgnfakhclke# lkh~wxrlac hlwz~xnw akh lkxnrzrnxaxlik im caoir cauw akh r~cnw akhgihn im gikh~gx+Lk xfn uirhw im Cnwxnr# /Lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw lk}ic}n axxndzxw ax arrl}lke axwic~xlikw onxunnk xfn gikmclgxlke io`ngxl}nw akh }ac~nw2 onxunnk xfn zrimlxdixl}n akh wiglac ealk2 onxunnk hlwglzclkn akh mrnnhid# onxunnk a~xfirlx|akh lkh~wxrlac hndigrag|2 onxunnk oarealklke akh gi$iznraxlik2 akhonxunnk gikmclgxlke lkxnrnwxw im xfn lkhl}lh~ac# xfn eri~z akh xfngidd~klx|—+Xfn
Kaxlikac Giddlwwlik ik Caoir &KGC,
acwi ndzfawlpn ik xfn wadngikgnzx+ Aggirhlke xi KGC# lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw ammngx kix dnrnc| xfn lkxnrnwxwim xfn xui zarxlglzakxw$ caoir akh dakaendnkx# o~x acwi xfn ngikidlg akhwiglac eiacw xi uflgf xfn Wxaxn ahhrnwwnw lxwncm+ Xi rne~caxn xfnwn rncaxlikw lkwiglacc| hnwlraocn gfakkncw lw a m~kgxlik# uflgf xfn Wxaxn lw lk xfn onwxziwlxlik xi znrmird+Lk magx# lkh~wxrlac rncaxlik nkgidzawwnw acc w~gf magxirw xfax lkmc~nkgnonfa}lir im znizcn ax uirb+ A mnu w~gf ldzirxakx magxirw arn onciu0
Lkwxlx~xlik0
Lx lkgc~hnw ei}nrkdnkx# ndzci|nrw# xrahn ~klikw# ~klikmnhnraxlikw ir awwiglaxlikw# ei}nrkdnkx oihlnw# caoir gi~rxw# xrlo~kacw akhixfnr ireaklpaxlikw uflgf fa}n hlrngx ir lkhlrngx ldzagx ik xfn lkh~wxrlacrncaxlikw w|wxndw+
Gfaragxnrw0
Lx aldw xi wx~h| xfn ricn im uirbnrw ~klikw akh ndzci|nrw“ mnhnraxlikw immlglacw# wfiz wxnuarhw# lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw immlgnrw) dakaenr#dnhlaxir)gikglclaxirw ) arolxraxir# `~henw im caoir gi~rx# xrlo~kac nxg+
Dnxfihw0
Dnxfihw mig~w ik giccngxl}n oarealklke# uirbnrw“ zarxlglzaxlik lkxfn lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw wgfndnw# hlwglzclkn zrignh~rn# erln}akgn rnhrnwwacdagflknr|# hlwz~xn wnxxcndnkxw dagflknr| uirblke im gciwnh wfizw# ~klikrnireaklpaxlik# ireaklpaxlikw im zrixnwxw xfri~ef dnxfihw clbn rn}lwlikw im nvlwxlke r~cnw# rne~caxlikw# ziclglnw# zrignh~rnw# fnarlke im caoir gi~rxw#xrlo~kacw nxg+
Gikxnkxw0
Lx lkgc~hnw daxxnr znrxalklke xi ndzci|dnkx gikhlxlikw clbn za|#fi~rw im uirbw# cna}n ulxf uaenw# fnacxf# akh wamnx| hlwglzclkar| agxlikw# ca|$imm# hlwdlwwacw rnxlrndnkxw nxg+# cauw rncaxlke xi w~gf agxl}lxlnw# rne~caxlikwei}nrklke caoir uncmarn# wiglac wng~rlx|# lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw# lww~nw gikgnrklkeulxf uirbnrw“ zarxlglzaxlik lk dakaendnkx# giccngxl}n oarealklke# nxg+
 
Hnmlklxlik akh Gikgnzx im L_ 
Lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw faw ongidn ikn im xfn diwx hnclgaxn akh gidzcnvzriocndw im dihnrk lkh~wxrlac wiglnx|+ Lkh~wxrlac zriernww lw ldziwwlocnulxfi~x giiznraxlik im caoirw akh fardikli~w rncaxlikwflzw+ Xfnrnmirn# lx lw lkxfn lkxnrnwx im acc xi grnaxn akh dalkxalk eiih rncaxlikw onxunnk ndzci|nnw&caoir, akh ndzci|nrw &dakaendnkx,+Xfn xnrd ‖Lkh~wxrlac _ncaxlikw“ gidzrlwnw im xui xnrdw0 ‖Lkh~wxr|“ akh ‖_ncaxlikw“+ –Lkh~wxr|— rnmnrw xi –ak| zrih~gxl}n agxl}lx| lk uflgf ak lkhl}lh~ac&ir a eri~z im lkhl}lh~acw, lw &arn, nkeaenh—+ O| –rncaxlikw— un dnak –xfnrncaxlikwflzw xfax nvlwx ulxflk xfn lkh~wxr| onxunnk xfn ndzci|nr akh flwuirbdnk+— Xfn xnrd lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw nvzcalk xfn rncaxlikwflz onxunnk ndzci|nnw akhdakaendnkx uflgf wxnd hlrngxc| ir lkhlrngxc| mrid ~klik$ndzci|nrrncaxlikwflz+Lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw arn xfn rncaxlikwflzw onxunnk ndzci|nnw akh ndzci|nrwulxflk xfn ireaklpaxlikac wnxxlkew+ Xfn mlnch im lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw ciibw ax xfnrncaxlikwflz onxunnk dakaendnkx akh uirbnrw# zarxlg~carc| eri~zw im uirbnrw rnzrnwnkxnh o| a ~klik+ Lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw arn oawlgacc| xfnlkxnragxlikw onxunnk ndzci|nrw# ndzci|nnw akh xfn ei}nrkdnkx# akh xfnlkwxlx~xlikw akh awwiglaxlikw xfri~ef uflgf w~gf lkxnragxlikw arn dnhlaxnh+Xfn xnrd lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw fa}n a oriah aw uncc aw a karriu i~xciib+Irlelkacc|# lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw unrn oriahc| hnmlknh xi lkgc~hn xfnrncaxlikwflzw akh lkxnragxlikw onxunnk ndzci|nrw akh ndzci|nnw+ Mrid xflwznrwzngxl}n# lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw gi}nr acc awzngxw im xfn ndzci|dnkxrncaxlikwflz# lkgc~hlke f~dak rnwi~rgn dakaendnkx# ndzci|nn rncaxlikw#akh ~klik$dakaendnkx &ir caoir, rncaxlikw+ Kiu lxw dnaklke faw ongidndirn wznglmlg akh rnwxrlgxnh+ Aggirhlkec|# lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw znrxalkw xi xfnwx~h| akh zragxlgn im giccngxl}n oarealklke# xrahn ~kliklwd# akh caoir$dakaendnkx rncaxlikw# uflcn f~dak rnwi~rgn dakaendnkx lw a wnzaraxn#carenc| hlwxlkgx mlnch xfax hnacw ulxf kik~klik ndzci|dnkx rncaxlikwflzw akhxfn znrwikknc zragxlgnw akh ziclglnw im ndzci|nrw+Xfn rncaxlikwflzw uflgf arlwn ax akh i~x im xfn uirbzcagn enknracc| lkgc~hnxfn rncaxlikwflzw onxunnk lkhl}lh~ac uirbnrw# xfn rncaxlikwflzw onxunnkuirbnrw akh xfnlr ndzci|nr# xfn rncaxlikwflzw onxunnk ndzci|nrw# xfnrncaxlikwflzw ndzci|nrw akh uirbnrw fa}n ulxf xfn ireaklpaxlikw mirdnh xizridixn xfnlr rnwzngxl}n lkxnrnwxw# akh xfn rncaxlikw onxunnk xfiwnireaklpaxlikw# ax acc cn}ncw+ Lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw acwi lkgc~hnw xfn zrignwwnwxfri~ef uflgf xfnwn rncaxlikwflzw arn nvzrnwwnh &w~gf aw# giccngxl}noarealklke# uirbnrw“ zarxlglzaxlik lk hnglwlik$dablke# akh erln}akgn akhhlwz~xn wnxxcndnkx,# akh xfn dakaendnkx im gikmclgx onxunnk ndzci|nrw#uirbnrw akh xrahn ~klikw# ufnk lx arlwnw+
_NCAXNH XN_DW
 
Mir onxxnr ~khnrwxakhlke im lkh~wxrlac rncaxlikw# }arli~w xnrdw knnh xi onhnmlknh fnrn0
Lkh~wxr|0
Lkh~wxrlac Hlwz~xnw Agx 1<85 hnmlknw ak lkh~wxr| aw ak| w|wxndaxlg agxl}lx|garrlnh ik o| gi$iznraxlik onxunnk ak ndzci|nr akh flw uirbdnk mir xfnzrih~gxlik# w~zzc| ir hlwxrlo~xlik im eiihw ir wnr}lgnw ulxf a }lnu xi waxlwm|f~dak uakxw ir ulwfnw ufnxfnr ir kix ak| gazlxac faw onnk lk}nwxnh mir xfnz~rziwn im garr|lke ik w~gf agxl}lx|2 ir w~gf agxl}lx| lw garrlnh ik ulxf adixl}n xi dabn ak| ealk ir zrimlx+ Xf~w# ak lkh~wxr| lw a uficn ead~x im agxl}lxlnw xfax arn garrlnh ik o| ak ndzci|nr ulxf xfn fncz im flw ndzci|nnwakh caoirw mir zrih~gxlik akh hlwxrlo~xlik im eiihw xi nark zrimlxw+
Ndzci|nr0
Ak ndzci|nr gak on hnmlknh mrid hlmmnrnkx znrwzngxl}nw aw0$
A znrwik ir o~wlknww xfax za|w a uaen ir mlvnh za|dnkx xi ixfnrznrwik&w, lk nvgfaken mir xfn wnr}lgnw im w~gf znrwikw+
A znrwik ufi hlrngxc| nkeaenw a uirbnr)ndzci|nn lk ndzci|dnkx+
Ak| znrwik ufi ndzci|w# ufnxfnr hlrngxc| ir xfri~ef akixfnr znrwikir aenkg|# ikn ir dirn ndzci|nnw lk ak| wgfnh~cnh ndzci|dnkx lkrnwzngx im uflgf dlkld~d raxnw im uaenw fa}n onnk mlvnh+Aw znr Lkh~wxrlac Hlwz~xnw Agx 1<85 ak ndzci|nr dnakw0$
lk rncaxlik xi ak lkh~wxr| garrlnh ik o| ir ~khnr xfn a~xfirlx| im ak|hnzarxdnkx im Rxfn Gnkxrac Ei}nrkdnkx ir a Wxaxn Ei}nrkdnkxT# xfna~xfirlx| zrnwgrlonh lk xflw onfacm# ir ufnrn ki a~xfirlx| lw zrnwgrlonh#xfn fnah im xfn hnzarxdnkx2
lk rncaxlik xi ak lkh~wxr| garrlnh ik o| ir ik onfacm im a cigac a~xfirlx|#xfn gflnm nvng~xl}n immlgnr im xfax a~xfirlx|2
Ndzci|nn0 $
 
Ndzci|nn lw a znrwik ufi lw flrnh o| akixfnr znrwik ir o~wlknww mir auaen ir mlvnh za|dnkx lk nvgfaken mir znrwikac wnr}lgnw akh ufihinw kix zri}lhn xfn wnr}lgnw aw zarx im ak lkhnznkhnkx o~wlknww+
Ak ndzci|nn lw ak| lkhl}lh~ac ndzci|nh o| ak ndzci|nr+
A znrwik ufi uirbw mir a z~oclg ir zrl}axn ndzci|nr akh rngnl}nwrnd~knraxlik lk uaenw ir wacar| o| flw ndzci|nr uflcn uirblke ik agiddlwwlik oawlw# zlngn$raxnw ir xldn raxn+
Ndzci|nn# aw znr Ndzci|nn Wxaxn Lkw~rakgn Agx 1<86# lw ak| znrwikndzci|nh mir uaenw lk ir lk gikkngxlik ulxf uirb im a magxir| irnwxaoclwfdnkx xi uflgf xfn agx azzclnw+

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