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Published by: api-221858166 on Dec 05, 2013
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12/05/2013

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 Attached is an advance copy of
Report of the Secretary-General on the Central African Republic  pursuant to paragraph 22 of Security Council resolution 2121 (2013)
for the information of the members of the Security Council.
 
 This report will be issued as a document of the Security Council under the symbol S/2013/677. 18 November 2013
 
 
1
Report of the Secretary-General on the Central African Republic pursuant to paragraph 22 of Security Council resolution 2121 (2013) I.
 
Introduction
1.
 
 The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 22 of Security Council resolution 2121 (2013), by which the Council requested me to submit, in close consultation with the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), and interested bilateral partners and international organizations, a written report on the planning of the African-led International Support Mission to the Central African Republic (MISCA) with detailed options for international support to MISCA, including the possible option of a transformation of MISCA into a United Nations peacekeeping operation, subject to appropriate conditions on the ground.
II.
 
Findings of the Assessment Mission
2.
 
 To prepare this report, I dispatched a technical assessment mission to the Central African Republic from 27 October to 8 November. The multidisciplinary teamwas led by my Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Mr. Edmond Mulet, and included representatives of the African Union and ECCAS. The assessment mission consulted with a wide range of stakeholders, including the Head of State of the  Transition, the Prime Minister and members of his Government, the President of the Constitutional Court, representatives of political parties and civil society, religious leaders, international partners, as well as the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA) and the United Nations country team. Members
 
 
2of the teamvisited locations outside Bangui, including Bambari, Bangassou, and Bossangoa. The head of the assessment mission also consulted the African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security and the Secretary-General of ECCAS on the margins of the International Contact Group meeting, which took place on 8 November in Bangui. 3.
 
 The assessment mission confirmed the findings presented to the Security Council in my letter dated 16 September (S/2013/557), but noted a significant deterioration of the overall situation, coupled with unanimous calls for urgent action in the political, security, humanitarian and human rights areas. Of particular concern, the mission found an alarming increase in inter-communal violence.
 
 The political situation remains highly volatile and unpredictable, and the tenuous relationship between the Head of State of the  Transition and the Prime Minister further complicates an already fragile political arrangement for the transition. Meanwhile, the transitional government has made only limited progress towards the implementation of key elements of the transitional framework, notably the organization of elections within 18 months of the inauguration of the Head of State of the Transition and the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of former combatants, as well as the repatriation of foreign elements. 4.
 
Most actors in the Central African Republic stressed the need to adhere to the timeframe envisaged for the transition.  Yet, most interlocutors of the assessment mission expressed serious concern that, without renewed pressure by the international community, elections might not be held by the foreseen deadline of February 2015, thereby endangering the entire transition process. Moreover, though officially disbanded, the disparate group of well-armed ex-Séléka

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