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Types of Immunizations

Types of Immunizations

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Published by macmactongos

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Published by: macmactongos on Aug 21, 2009
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12/04/2013

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Types of immunizations
Immunization can occur in one of two forms.Active immunization involves stimulating theimmune systemto produce antibodies tofight a disease. This is the form of immunization used in creating vaccines.Passive immunization involves providing anantibody to the patient. It provides onlytemporary protection against disease. For example, a fetus receives antibodiesthrough the placenta that provide temporaryprotection against certain illnesses duringthe newborn’s initial months of life.Standard childhood immunizations target 13diseases. Some vaccines provide protectionthroughout a person’s lifetime, whereasothers must be updated after a period of time (such as every 10 years).The vaccine used to immunize a patientagainst a disease falls into one of four categories:
 
Attenuated live viruses. These areweakened viruses.
Killed viruses or bacteria. These aredead viruses.
Toxoid. These contain a toxin producedby a bacterium.
Biosynthetic. These contain syntheticsubstances.All of these vaccines are administeredthrough injections. In many cases, patientswill experience side effects. These aretypically mild and may include fever andredness or soreness at the injection site,including soreness of the muscle used for the injection. A physician will typicallysuggest a pain reliever and fever reducer such as
acetaminophen
to treat such sideeffects. It should be noted that certain typesof nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories(NSAIDs), including
aspirin
and
ibuprofen
,which are often used to relieve pain, fever and/or inflammation may react with the
 
immune system in a way that reduces theeffectiveness of some types of immunizations including flu shots, accordingto recent findings. As a result, it isrecommended that patients avoid the use of any NSAIDs when receiving any type of vaccination.Children who are sick (with the exception of colds or other minor illnesses) shouldusually wait before receiving a vaccine. Inaddition, children who have serious allergicreactions during or after an immunizationinjection should not receive additionaldoses. Parents are urged to talk to their child’s pediatrician about thesecircumstances.Major childhood vaccines and their sideeffects, if any, include:

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