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Bequeathment of Abu Hanifah to Yusuf Al-Samati

Bequeathment of Abu Hanifah to Yusuf Al-Samati

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Published by Arfan Shah
Advices of Abu Hanifah to one of his students
Advices of Abu Hanifah to one of his students

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Published by: Arfan Shah on Dec 05, 2013
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ميحرل نحرل ا
 The Bequeathment of Abu Hanifah (may Allah show him mercy) to his student Yusuf Ibn Khalid Al-Samiti Al-Basri
 Translated by Arfan Shah Al-Bukhari (Straight Translations and Sheikhy notes) He (Abu Hanifah) bequeathed it to him (Yusuf) when he sought permission to return to his homeland Al-Basra
(Kufa, Iraq). He (Abu Hanifah) said, “No
, not until I give a bequeathment to you about what you need when residing with people, training the ego, the ranks of the people of knowledge, training subjects, training the elite and generality and examining general matters
Until you leave with your
knowledge with the instruments of rectification, beautification and your affair. Know if you harm any of the people they become your enemy even if they are your mothers or fathers. When you show goodness to a tribe that are not your tribe, they
become your relatives.”  Then he said to me,
Be patient daily until you collect your thoughts, focus your aspiration, know your matter which you praise me and make your nafs/soul upon it; there is no success except by Allah (the Exalted).
 So when the appointed time he
(Abu Hanifah) said, “
In the name of Allah, the most merciful, the most compassionate. I shall reveal to you what you are determined over. I can imagine that if you enter Basra, you have accepted contradiction and disputes, raise yourself over them, arrogant by your knowledge over them, your mind will be closed to the people and their disagreements, you will leave them and they will leave you, you will vilify them and they vilify you, you mislead them and they mislead you, you say they innovate and they say you innovate; joining dishonour from us to you, using it as a proof to flee and then move away from them and this is not (correct) opinion! There is no intellect with he who is not sociable has no affability at all! Until Allah (the Exalted) makes recourse
for him.”
Samati said, “I was determined over what you have said!”
 Then Abu Hanifah (may Allah show him mercy) said, “When
 you to go to Basra, receive the people, visit them, know their rights, place each man into their positions, honour the honourable people, laud the people of knowledge, revere scholars, use gentle speech, be close to the generality, the places of sin (to help
others), the elite, do not humble oneself to the sultan, do not debase anyone intentionally, do not lower your friendless to them, do not allow your secrets to leave you, do not give trust to anyone until you test them, nor let the vile or debased serve you and do not say words that can be denied outwardly. Beware of expounding to fools, do not accept their invitation, do not accept gifts, adhere to diplomacy, patience, forbearance, excellent character and a generous nature. Wear new clothes, use excessive perfume, open times for people to see you except in a known time. Make yourself sweet to rectify your needs, look away from reports of your modesty, be foremost in establishing their etiquette, use gentleness in this, do not be excessive in finding faults as it lowers the humiliated, ensure your etiquette with them, as it keeps shyness and revenue for you. Maintain your prayers, be generous with food as the greedy were never masters, ever. You should have an insider who informs you about news of people. So when  you know corruption has occurred, you will hasten to rectify it. When you know it is rectified, you increase your desire and care for this. Embark on visiting who visit  you and those who do not visit you. Be excellent to those who are excellent to and those who are offensive. Be forgiving and commanding the good. Be careless about what does not concern  you. Leave all who harm you and hasten in establishing rights. Whoever of your brothers is ill, consider it as yourself and accord your messenger. Whoever is absent from you, inspect their state. Whoever of them sits away from  you, do not sit away from them. Maintain relations with those who are harsh. Honour those who come to you. Forgive whoever harms you and whoever of them who speaks obscenity about you. Then speak about them in an excellent beautiful manner. Whoever dies fulfil their rights and whoever has happiness be joyous for them. Console whoever is afflicted by tribulation. Whoever is afflicted by grief give them ease in it. Whoever awakens one of your concerns arise to him. Whoever assists, you assist him. Whoever gives you victory, give him victory. Manifest tender care to people as much as you are able. Begin greeting even to people who blame (you); when you gather, and others, in a sitting or join you and they in the masjid. Draw out the issues (needed by people). Enter disagreement that you can change the disagreement. If you are asked about it, answer by what the people know. Then
say, “There
are differences o
f that and a proof of this.”
So then those who hear you know your extent and your rank. If they say 
, “this is whose opinion?” Say, “This is according to some scholars.”
 If they are firm on this, appease them so they know  your rank and venerate your position. Give each of those who differ with you a type of knowledge that they are looking for and give each one a share of that. Take them to the crown of knowledge without details. Be intimate with them and joke with them sometimes. Speak to them as is brings friendship and maintain them by constant knowledge. Feed them sometimes, assist their needs and know their positions. Be unaware of their errors, be friendly to them and indulge them.
Do not display greed to them or irritation and be like anyone of them. Be pleased for them with what you are pleased for yourself. Act with people like you act without yourself. Protect yourself from them by guarding and observing their states. Do not display irritation to those who display irritation to you. Leave miserliness, listen to those who listen to you, do not burden people by what  you do not burden yourself with, be pleased for them with what you are pleased with yourself, present excellent intention, maintain truthfulness and cast pride aside. Beware of treachery even if they are treacherous with you. Perform trusts even if they betray you. Cling to loyalty and adhere to piety. Associate with the religious according to how they associate with you. If you are to cling to my bequeathment peace is hoped for you and you shall live in safety; if Allah (the Exalted) wills. (poetry) He causes me sadness upon your separation and was intimate with knowledge. Pray for me in your book and make me know your needs. Be like a son to me as I am a father to you.
 Yusuf Ibn Khalid Al-
Samati said, “Then he brought
out money, clothes and provision to take with me. I took it with me and the companions gathered like a procession. We rode until we reached the banks of the Eurphaties (river) then we bade farewell.  The gift from Abu Hanifah (may Allah show him mercy) by his will was greater than all the previous graces that he had given me. I arrived in Basra and did as he said. Days did not pass me until they all became my friends and attended our gatherings. The school of Abu Hanifah (may Allah show him mercy) became manifest in Basra as it was manifest in Kufa and the school of Al-Hassan (Al-Basri) and Ibn Sirren (may Allah be pleased with them) disappeared. The letters of Abu Hanifah (may Allah show him mercy) continued to arrive to me until he, may Allah show him mercy, passed away. How much did we benefit from a righteous scholar and righteous teacher. So
who is like him (may Allah be pleased with him) for us and all the Muslims?”

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