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Continents and Oceans Lesson Plan - Nancy J, Jean, Andyand Debbie[1]

Continents and Oceans Lesson Plan - Nancy J, Jean, Andyand Debbie[1]

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Published by: nesn10 on Aug 21, 2009
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Continents and Oceans Lesson PlanEEDUC 5136Integrating Social Studies into the Elementary Classroom
Lesson Plan GuideTopic:
Location of Continents and Oceans
Grade Level
: 2
Content Objective:
History and Social Science Curriculum Framework Learning Standards
2.1: On a map of the world, locate all of the continents: North America, South America,Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and Antarctica. (G)
2.3: Locate the oceans of the world: the Arctic, Atlantic, Pacific and Southern Oceans. (G)
: Students will be able to…
 Name and locate seven continents: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America,and South America.
 Name and locate five oceans: Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic.
Learn appropriate vocabulary
Develop map skills and identify a map as a picture of earth
Materials Needed:
Two transparencies for overhead of Pangaea and one of current map of world
Picture of class or individual picture
Large Atlas and wall map
List of vocabulary words with definitions and corresponding pictures
Geography journals
Blank map of world worksheets
Continent word search
Words and music for “Continents and Oceans” song
Story, Maps and Globes by Jack Knowlton
Bean bag
Floor Map
Continent and Ocean flash cards (set of 4 cards each)
:While pointing to large illustration of Pangaea, ask students, “Who can tell me what this is a picture of?” This question will be the activator for the beginning of our unit on the sevencontinents and five oceans, while teaching to the Massachusetts History and Social ScienceCurriculum Framework Learning Standards.
Major Instructional Sequence:
1.Whole class instruction - Introduce overheads of Pangaea, opening discussion of the map200 million years ago, and closing with how the map looks today. (15 minutes)2.Whole class instruction - Discuss why maps are flat (10 -15 minutes)
Activity 1:
Understanding that maps are pictures of the Earth.
After reviewing Pangaea on the overhead – ask if the world is flat or round?
 Jean RickerAndy YoungDebbie SilvermanNancy Leigh Jacobson
Continents and Oceans Lesson PlanEEDUC 5136Integrating Social Studies into the Elementary Classroom
Explain that the map is flat, but our world is not flat – just as a picture of a child is flat, but the class is not flat. Show the picture of the class and compare.
Explain the need for maps by trying to put a globe in a book. Ask the students whathappens when you try to fit a globe into a book (the book won't close).
Explain that people wanted to put the globe in a book but since it wouldn't fit, they hadto cut the globe and pull it apart to make a flat map of a picture of our Earth.3.Whole class instruction - Introduce new vocabulary words with illustrations (to helpsupport ELLs) to build schema for students of continents. Have student’s copy definitionsinto their Geography journal. (10 minutes)4.Bring whole class to reading rug area and read related continent story, Maps and Globes tocontinue to build schema. (10 minutes)5.Introduce music to “Continent and Oceans” Song (tune of Love and Marriage) and learnthe words with continents and oceans to reinforce new concepts, learning visually (pointingto the world map while singing), kinesthetically (have a couple children point to map whileclass is singing) and musically. (Sing 4-5 times) (10 minutes)6.Pair into groups of two - Hand out word search of continent and oceans names for reinforcement of subject. (Formal assessment) (20 minutes)7.Students will work individually and the teacher will hand out blank maps of the world tofill and color blank continent/ocean map for reinforcement. (Formal assessment)(15 minutes)
Closure or Evaluation: (20-25 minutes)Activity 2:
The World Beanbag Game
Ask students to join you on the floor map.
Stand in the middle of the map in a tight group.
Hand out Continent and Oceans flash cards.
Explain that the class is
right now, and using the vocabulary words, have studentslook at their flash cards and start
plate tectonics
of breaking up and starting the
 by breaking up and finding their 
and ocean they have been assigned on the
. (This can be used as an informal assessment to make sure the children can find their  place on the map.)
Break the children into two groups and give them a new set of flash cards each, to make surethey have a full set of continents and oceans in their groups.
Have students come up with a plan, as a group, on how they will display their group’s cards(spread them out on a table, each child hold one or two cards, split into oceans andcontinents, alphabetical order, etc...)
Explain that the teacher will be rolling the beanbag onto the floor map, and the first group tohold up the correct flash card will earn a point.
Play until the first group earns10 points.
 Jean RickerAndy YoungDebbie SilvermanNancy Leigh Jacobson

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