The Steam and Condensate Loop
Pipeline AncillariesIsolation Valves - Linear Movement
Isolation Valves - Linear Movement
Isolation valves are a key component in any fluid system as they are used to stop the flow of fluidinto a particular area of the system. They are also sometimes used to manually control the flowof the fluid. The European standard EN 736-1:1995 distinguishes between isolating, regulating and control valves as follows:
A valve intended for use only in the closed or fully open position.
A valve intended for use in any position between closed and fully open.
A power-operated device which changes the fluid flowrate in a process controlsystem.Isolation valves are used in a wide variety of different applications where on/off type control isrequired, these include:
Diverting process media.
Flow isolation to:- Facilitate maintenance- Allow the removal of equipment - Allow the shut down of plant A multitude of different types and designs of isolation valve have been developed in order tomeet this range of applications and the diverse operating conditions in which they are used.Valves are commonly classified into two groups (see Table 12.1.1), according to the operating motion of the closure device (or obturator):
Linear movement valves -
The obturator moves in a straight line. Included in this category aregate valves, globe valves, diaphragm valves and pinch valves. These valves are covered ingreater depth within this module.
Rotary movement valves -
The obturator rotates about an axis at right angles to the direction of flow. Ball valves and butterfly valves are the two most important rotary valves associated withsteam applications and are covered in greater depth in Module 12.2, Isolation Valves - RotaryMovement.
Table 12.1.1 Obturator motion in the basic valve typesValve movementLinearRotaryOperating motion
Rotating about an axis at
of the closing device
Straight lineright angles to the direction of flow
(obturator)Direction of flow
At right angles toLongitudinal toThrough theAround the
in the seating area
the operating motionthe operating motionobturator obturatorof the obturatorof the obturator
Gate valveGlobe valveBall valvesButterfly valve