spirit of resistance that made Allama Iqbal write '
Kuch baat hai ki hasti mit-ti nahin hamaari (There is something extraordinary that we -- the civilisation -- survived centuries of assaults)
'.But after the massacres during Partition/independence in Calcutta, Noakhali, Muzaffarabad and Rawalpindi,Hindus got the secular marginalisation and a State apparatus that looked down at anything representing their age old-bruised ethos. That is why to uphold the dignity of being a Hindu and ensure equal attitude of the Statefor every citizen without any discrimination on the basis of caste or religion, the Jan Sangh was founded in 1951.The principles were unity in diversity, one nation, one culture and one people and justice to all, appeasement of none.At the first all India session of the Bharatiya Jan Sangh, its founder president Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee hadsaid, 'India has been for centuries past the homeland of diverse people pursuing different faiths and religions.The need to preserve and respect the personal laws of such people especially in matters of religion andfundamental social obligations is undoubted. In all matters concerning the rights and duties of citizenship assuch, there must be complete equality for all. We must be able to carry all sections of the people with us bycreating in their minds a healthy and progressive attitude of co-operation based on true equality of opportunityand mutual tolerance and understanding. Our party's door remains open to all who believe in our programmeand ideology irrespective of considerations of caste and religion.''Our party,' he added, 'believes that the future progress of India must be based on a natural synthesis betweenits full economic advance and the development of mind and character of the people in accordance with thehighest traditions of Indian culture and civilization. The political freedom that we have achieved will bemeaningless without economic freedom. It is a tragedy that a vast country such as India, with its almost limitlessresources and raw materials, should be steeped in poverty, disease, ignorance and degradation. Our partybelieves that without plunging the country into the vortex of violent chaos and conflict, it should be possible for usto readjust the conditions of our economic life so as to bring to an end a shameful era of exploitation and silenthuman suffering.'Without mincing any words he declared, 'Our party though, ever prepared to extend its hand of equality to allcitizens, does not feel ashamed to urge for the consolidation of Hindu society, nor does it suffer from aninferiority complex to acknowledge proudly that the great edifice of Indian culture and civilization, which hadstood the test of thousands of years, has been built, most of all by the labour, sacrifice and wisdom of Hindu