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Re Powering Fossil Plants

Re Powering Fossil Plants

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ByWilliam C. Stenzel, P. E.SEPRIL
Dale M. Sopocy, P. E. —SEPRIL
Stanley E. Pace — SEPRIL 
RepoweringExisting Fossil Steam Plants
ByWilliam C. Stenzel, P. E. —SEPRIL
Dale M. Sopocy, P. E. —SEPRIL
Stanley E. Pace —SEPRIL 
Increased competition among power generating companies, changes in generating system load re-quirements, lower allowable plant emissions, and changes in fuel availability and cost accentuate theneed to closely assess the economics and performance of older electric generating units. Generally,decisions must be made as to whether these units should be retired and replaced with new generationcapacity, whether capacity should be purchased from other generation companies, or if these existingunits should be repowered.These decisions usually require the evaluation of many factors including; environmental discharge lim-its, permitting requirements, generating load demand increases, fuel cost increases, transmission re-quirements access and options to improve existing facilities (e.g., increasing efficiency and output), .Many of these factors need to be evaluated over a range rather than one specific value to test for sensi-tivity of the selection to future uncertainties. The analysis is usually complicated due to the interac-tion of all the factors involved. Computer products that integrate performance and financial analysiscan provide substantial value by enabling the user to evaluate the applicable plant options and a rangeof inputs. The SOAPP
(State-of-the-Art Power Plant) family of software products provides easy touse tools for rapid, thorough and economical evaluation of plant options.Repowering evaluation methodology typically used in the United States, technology options, and theSOAPP repowering software now available to facilitate evaluations are reviewed in this paper.
Repowering is an important alternative for achieving generating plant and system improvements in-cluding some or all of the following possibilities:
reduction of overall system fuel usage and/or costs
reduction of O&M costs
reduction of emissions and other discharges
least cost option for increasing generation capacity
minimization of capital cost expendituresEvaluations for repowering projects must encompass a wide range of business aspects, load growthforecasts, financial parameters, environmental regulations, fuel cost ranges, legal issues and other fac-tors to capture the important benefits of these types of projects. The evaluation is further complicatedby the changing regulations for utilities affecting the level of competition in the power generation mar-ket.
A repowering analysis usually follows steps similar to those summarized below:
Determine the generation system goals; e.g., the amount and value of the needed ad-ditional power, emission reductions, fuel availability and costs, transmission re-quirements and/or limitations, forecasted generation load schedules, target electricitymarket price and/or other requirements and goals.

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