Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
5Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Government Studies short hand notes

Government Studies short hand notes

Ratings: (0)|Views: 752|Likes:
Published by phdunity
this relates to government studies on the basis of theories that had been coined by individuals...
this relates to government studies on the basis of theories that had been coined by individuals...

More info:

Published by: phdunity on Aug 23, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/12/2013

pdf

text

original

 
UNIVERSITY OF NAMIBIACENTRE OF EXTERNAL STUDIESGOVERNMENT STUDIES
UNIT 01: THE NATURE ANS SCOPE OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
INTRODUCTION
Do you follow political events in other countries?
What is happening in Zimbabwe?
As a govt. studies student, you are expected to be more politicalconscious than ever before
 You are able to tell who is politician and who is not;
Who is better politician than other;
Most of us understand the issue of bribery and corruption;
And how these have destroyed many government systems or evencountries
Politics is not something to be studied in classrooms alone. It happens all around usall the time. Students need to read newspapers, visit parliament or local councils,take a continuing interest in pressure groups, political parties and elections as wellas interest in paying attention to political analysis in the media and tocontemporary issues and controversies in general.
WHAT IS POLITICS
?
Peaceful resolution of conflict. This implies that the alternative is some form of violent means of settlingdifferences; such as revolution, civil war or simply armed struggle, while in politicsthe clash of ideas and interest is resolved through legal, organised methods whichhave been agreed by which a state is governed.
Politics concerns the resolution of conflicts by non-violent means;
It necessarily involves a struggle for power and influence;
In its fullest sense, it refers to the manner in which a state is organised andrun.
OBJECTIVES
Define politics
Define political science
Briefly describe the historical development of political science
Discuss the methods of political science
Explain the importance of political science in issues of national development
 
UNIT 02: THE STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY 
 There are two concepts in this unit that you should know and understand:(a)What is state?(b)What is a civil society?
ITNRODUCTION
What is a state?
Apart from dealing with the state, political science looks at therelationship between the state and society over which it exercisesits authority or power or rule;
Is the state natural or artificial institution?
How does it come to be?
How much power does it have vis-à-vis society?
How does it relate with society?
Can society control the action of the state?WHAT IS A STATE?
 The state refers to the permanent institutions which exercise sovereign powerwithin a defined territory. Sovereign power may be defined as the monopoly of theright to enforce laws. These institutions are permanent in the sense that they do notchange when a new government is elected or when new political leaders replaceexisting ones.
CHARECTERISTICS OR FEATURES OF THE STAT
 That a state has a clear geographically demarcated area
A state has a permanent population
the right to self-determination
A state should be an independent political entity
A state should enjoy international recognition
A state has the monopoly of force
A state promotes the common good of society
 The state is a continuous public powerAll these explanations will bring us to the assignment question 1:
The organisation of the public domain has an important bearing on political, social and economic processes and is itself affected and moulded 
 
by these forces. On the analysis if Chazzan et al., state power in Africatypically passes through three principal phases. Discuss each of the three principal phases with reference to appropriate examples. (25)
Answer:(a)Decision making structures. These include the executive arm of thegovernment ; the legislature and political parties.(b)Decision enforcing institutions. These include bureaucracies, parastatalsorganisation, the police and security forces.(c)Decision mediating in bodies. These include courts, tribunals andinvestigating commissions.
What is civil society?
Civil Society is developed through ideas of individualism and the right of individuals to liberty, privacy, property ownership and security needs.
 The term civil society has grown to mean all those that are outside the state.
All those who have become powerless or disfranchised (deny rights);
It includes groups such as the peasantry, workers, students ,intellectuals;
And all those who feel that they have no access to the state.
Civil society includes social groups such as business, labour, oppositionparties, churches, non-governmental agencies, nurses and the powerlessmasses.
 The power of civil society lies in its capacity to resist, penetrate, andneutralise the state with the aim of winning back its power and having equalpower to co-act in policy issues.
1. Do you think that civil society in Namibia has power to influence public policy? Support your answer with examples
Answer
Human rights societies might influence public policy by crying out like theabortion bill that has been put on hold because of opposition fromchurches, amongst others.2. What makes up civil society in Namibia? Can you list some examples of social groups or organisations that help make up civil society in Namibia?
Answer
Organisations like human rights societies, opposition parties like RDP,COD, DTA, etc.

Activity (5)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Ivan Clark liked this
Reema Mohsin liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->