Chapter 2 - The Planting of English America
A joint-stock company: based in Virginia in 1607: founded to findgold and a water way to the Indies: confirmed all Englishmen that they would have thesame life in the New World, as they had in England, with the same rights: 3 of their shipstransported the people that would found Jamestown in 1607.
The Iroquois Confederacy was nearly a military power consisting of Mohawks, Oneidas, Cayugas, and Senecas.IT was founded in the late1500s.The leaders were Degana Widah and Hiawatha. The Indians lived in log houseswith relatives. Men dominated, but a person's background was determined by thewomen's family. Different groups banded together but were separate fur traders and fur suppliers. Other groups joined; they would ally with either the French or the Englishdepending on which would be the most to their advantage.
The winter of 1609 to 1610 was known as the "starving time" to thecolonists of Virginia. Only sixty members of the original four-hundred colonists survived.The rest died of starvation because they did not possess the skills that were necessary toobtain food in the new world.
Act of Toleration:
A legal document that allowed all Christian religions in Maryland:Protestants invaded the Catholics in 1649 around Maryland: protected the Catholicsreligion from Protestant rage of sharing the land: Maryland became the #1 colony toshelter Catholics in the New World.
A person who settles on land without title or right: Early settlers in NorthCarolina became squatters when they put their small farms on the new land. They raisedtobacco on the land that they claimed, and tobacco later became a major cash crop for North Carolina.
A system of inheritance in which the eldest son in a family received allof his father's land. The nobility remained powerful and owned land, while the 2nd and3rd sons were forced to seek fortune elsewhere. Many of them turned to the New Worldfor their financial purposes and individual wealth.
Indentured servants were Englishmen who were outcasts of their country, would work in the Americas for a certain amount of time as servants.
A document given to the founders of a colony by the monarch thatallows for special privileges and establishes a general relationship of one of three types:(1) Royal- direct rule of colony by monarch, (2) Corporate- Colony is run by a joint-stock company, (3) Proprietary- colony is under rule of someone chosen by the monarch. RoyalCharters guaranteed that colonists would have "rights as all Englishmen".
In 1661 a set of "codes" was made. It denied slaves basic fundamentalrights, and gave their owners permission to treat them as they saw fit.