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Brown Field Project

Brown Field Project

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Published by nick1244
It is 15-16 page report on what is brown field project with a case study in U.S.A.
It is 15-16 page report on what is brown field project with a case study in U.S.A.

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Published by: nick1244 on Aug 23, 2009
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11/16/2010

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Contents
1.0Introduction1.0.1 What is brown-field project?1.0.2 What is green-field?2.0Features of Brown field project2.0.1 Engineering & Design2.0.2 Organizing2.0.3 Coordination2.0.4 Materials Management2.0.5 Shut-down planning2.0.6 Capital Repairs during Modernization2.0.7 Construction Management3.0 Brown field project in United States4.0 Summary
 
1.0 Introduction:-
1.0.1 What is Brown field project? 
The term ‘Brown field’ has many definitions, they all aresame in meaning but the presentation of the term is in differentmanner.
‘...land previously used for industrial purposes, orcertain commercial uses, and that may be contaminated bylow concentrations of hazardous waste or pollution andhas the potential to be reused once it is cleaned up’
. If wetranslate into software term then
‘...project or codebase thatwas previously created and may be infected with poorpractices, structure, implementations and moral but hasthe potential to be revived through comprehensive anddirected refactoring
. At last we can say that Brownfield isabandoned or underused industrial and commercial facilitiesavailable for re-use.A project implemented in the precincts of a working plant orworking facility is a brown-field project (BFP). Revamping,retrofitting, technology upgradation, replacement, rehabilitationreconstruction, modernization etc come under the category of BFPs.The most common BFP is the modernization or partialrenovation of a running plant. The most important success criteriaof a BFP are:
Minimum obstruction to production operations, caused byplant shutdowns and supply disruptions.
Successful new construction.
Minimum damage to the existing installations.
Perfect tie-in and matching of the new facilities with theexisting ones.
 
In the United States city planning jargon,
Brownfield land
(orsimply a
Brownfield
) is land previously used for industrialpurposes or certain commercial uses. The land may becontaminated by low concentrations of hazardous waste orpollution, and has the potential to be reused once it is cleaned up.Land that is more severely contaminated and has highconcentrations of hazardous waste or pollution, such as aSuperfund site, does not fall under the Brownfield classification.
1.0.2 What is Greenfield? 
A common term in software development is 'Greenfield'.The term is commonly used to describe a project that is startingcompletely from scratch and thus having no existing code base.One of the terms that is often used to describe code that exists is'legacy'. Unfortunately the term 'legacy' has connotations thatlead people to think about applications that have out lived the lifeof the technology that they were implemented with and no longerare being actively developed. For some people this will makethem think of mainframe, green screen, COBOL, FORTRAN andother technologies. Because our minds tend to sway to distantapplications and technologies like this, we create a gap betweenGreenfield and legacy where the technology is either relevant, ornearly relevant, and the application is under active development.Applications like this are something that we regularly see in theindustry. More often than not, when you're hired onto a project,either as an employee or a contractor/consultant, you will bestepping into a project that is already under development. Howdo you describe that project to your mates? It's certainly notGreenfield and if you mention 'legacy' people will ask you howyou ended up working on mainframes. Neither do the situation justice.

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