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12 - The Union Legislature

12 - The Union Legislature

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Published by Sahil

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Published by: Sahil on Aug 23, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/29/2013

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The Union Legislature
Parliament House, New Delhi
Our Constitution has adopted Parliamentary Form oGovernment
Provides for harmonious blend of Legislative and ExecutiveOrgans of State
Functions of Parliamenta)Providing the Cabinetb)Control of the Cabinetc)Criticism of Cabinet and of Individual Membersd)An organ of Informatione)Legislationf)Financial Control
Constitution of Parliament
Parliament consists of:
President (as per Legislative Duties)1)Addresses2)Assent to Bills3)Ordinances
1
 
Two Houses
 
House of People Lok Sabha Council of States Rajya Sabha
Constitution of House of People
530 members from different states
20 members from union territories
2 members from Anglo Indian Community
Composition of Council of States
12 nominated by ‘President’ – Literature, Science, Art andSocial Service
238 representatives of State and Union territories
Territorial Constituencies for Election of House of People
Election direct
Territorial constituencies
Each state allotted number of seats based on population
Proportional representation for Council of States
a)
Elected members of Legislative Assembly of each State
2
Reflects Federal
 
b)Municipalitiesc)District boardsd)Local Authoritiese)Graduatesf)Teachers
Why Proportional Representation not adopted for Houseof People
Requires literacy
Will lead to fragmentation
Duration of Houses of Parliament
Council of States
Permanent Body
1/3 Members retire every 2
nd
year
House of People
5 years
Maybe dissolved every 2
nd
year
Sessions of Parliament
Twice a year – Gap of 6 months
Qualification of Members of Parliament
a)Citizen of Indiab)Age
Council of State – 30 years
House of People – 25 years
3

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