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1.1 Fermat’s Principle of Least Time
1.1.1 Euler’s First Equation
1.1.2 Euler’s Second Equation
1.1.3 Snell’s Law
1.1.4 Application of Fermat’s Principle
1.2 Geometric Formulation of Ray Optics
1.2.1 Frenet-Serret Curvature of Light Path
1.2.3 Geodesic Representation of Light Propagation
1.2.4 Eikonal Representation
1.3 Brachistochrone Problem
1.4 Problems
2.1 Maupertuis-Jacobi Principle of Least Action
2.2. PRINCIPLE OF LEAST ACTION OF EULER AND LAGRANGE 23
2.2 Principle of Least Action of Euler and Lagrange
2.2.1 Generalized Coordinates in Conﬁguration Space
2.2.2 Constrained Motion on a Surface
2.2.3 Euler-Lagrange Equations
2.3.2 Example II: Bead on a Rotating Hoop
2.3.3 Example III: Rotating Pendulum
2.3.4 Example IV: Compound Atwood Machine
2.3.5 Example V: Pendulum with Oscillating Fulcrum
2.4 Symmetries and Conservation Laws
2.4.1 Energy Conservation Law
2.4.2 Momentum Conservation Law
2.4.3 Invariance Properties
2.4.4 Lagrangian Mechanics with Symmetries
2.4.5 Routh’s Procedure for Eliminating Ignorable Coordinates
2.5 Lagrangian Mechanicsin the Center-of-MassFrame
2.6 Problems
Hamiltonian Mechanics
3.1 Canonical Hamilton’s Equations
3.2 Legendre Transformation
3.3 Hamiltonian Optics and Wave-Particle Duality*
3.4. PARTICLE MOTION IN AN ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD* 49
3.4 Particle Motion in an Electromagnetic Field*
3.4.1 Euler-Lagrange Equations
3.4.2 Energy Conservation Law
3.4.3 Gauge Invariance
3.4.4 Canonical Hamilton’s Equationss
3.5 One-degree-of-freedom Hamiltonian Dynamics
3.5.1 Simple Harmonic Oscillator
3.5.2 Pendulum
3.5.3 Constrained Motion on the Surface of a Cone
3.6. CHARGED SPHERICAL PENDULUM IN A MAGNETIC FIELD* 57
3.6 Charged Spherical Pendulumin a Magnetic Field*
3.6.1 Lagrangian
3.6.2 Euler-Lagrange equations
3.6.3 Hamiltonian
3.7 Problems
Motion in a Central-Force Field
4.1 Motion in a Central-Force Field
4.1.1 Lagrangian Formalism
4.1.2 Hamiltonian Formalism
4.1.3 Turning Points
4.2 Homogeneous Central Potentials*
4.2.1 The Virial Theorem
4.2.2 General Properties of Homogeneous Potentials
4.3 Kepler Problem
4.3.1 Bounded Keplerian Orbits
4.3.2 Unbounded Keplerian Orbits
4.3.3 Laplace-Runge-Lenz Vector*
4.4 Isotropic Simple Harmonic Oscillator
4.5 Internal Reﬂection inside a Well
4.6 Problems
Collisions and Scattering Theory
5.1 Two-Particle Collisions in the LAB Frame
5.2. TWO-PARTICLE COLLISIONS IN THE CM FRAME 87
5.2 Two-Particle Collisions in the CM Frame
5.3 Connection between the CM and LAB Frames
5.4 Scattering Cross Sections
5.4.1 Deﬁnitions
5.4.2 Scattering Cross Sections in CM and LAB Frames
5.5 Rutherford Scattering
5.6.2 Soft-Sphere Scattering
5.7 Problems
Motion in a Non-Inertial Frame
6.1 Time Derivatives in Fixed and Rotating Frames
6.3 Lagrangian Formulation of Non-Inertial Motion
6.4 Motion Relative to Earth
6.4.1 Free-Fall Problem Revisited
6.4.2 Foucault Pendulum
6.5 Problems
Rigid Body Motion
7.1 Inertia Tensor
7.1.1 Discrete Particle Distribution
7.1.2 Parallel-Axes Theorem
7.1.3 Continuous Particle Distribution
7.1.4 Principal Axes of Inertia
7.2 Angular Momentum
7.2.1 Euler Equations
7.2.2 Euler Equations for a Force-Free Symmetric Top
7.2.3 Euler Equations for a Force-Free Asymmetric Top
7.3 Symmetric Top with One Fixed Point
7.3.1 Eulerian Angles as generalized Lagrangian Coordinates
7.3.2 Angular Velocity in terms of Eulerian Angles
7.3.3 Rotational Kinetic Energy of a Symmetric Top
7.3.4 Lagrangian Dynamics of a Symmetric Top with One Fixed
7.3.5 Stability of the Sleeping Top
7.4 Problems
8.1 Stability of Equilibrium Points
8.1.1 Bead on a Rotating Hoop
8.1.2 Circular Orbits in Central-Force Fields
8.2. SMALL OSCILLATIONS ABOUT STABLE EQUILIBRIA 145
8.2 Small Oscillations about Stable Equilibria
8.3 Coupled Oscillations and Normal-Mode Analysis
8.3.1 Coupled Simple Harmonic Oscillators
8.3.2 Nonlinear Coupled Oscillators
8.4 Problems
9.1 Waves on a Stretched String
9.1.1 Wave Equation
9.1.2 Lagrangian Formalism
9.1.3 Lagrangian Description for Waves on a Stretched String
9.2. GENERAL VARIATIONAL PRINCIPLE FOR FIELD THEORY 157
9.2 General Variational Principle for Field Theory
9.2.1 Action Functional
9.2.2 Noether Method and Conservation Laws
9.3. VARIATIONAL PRINCIPLE FOR SCHROEDINGER EQUATION 159
9.3 Variational Principle for Schroedinger Equation
9.4. VARIATIONAL PRINCIPLE FOR MAXWELL’S EQUATIONS* 161
9.4 Variational Principle for Maxwell’s Equations*
9.4.1 Maxwell’s Equations as Euler-Lagrange Equations
9.4.2 Energy Conservation Law for Electromagnetic Fields
A.1 Feynman postulates and quantum wave function
A.2 Derivation of the Schroedinger equation
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Introduction to Lag Rang Ian and Hamilton Ian Mechanics - BRIZARD, A. J.

# Introduction to Lag Rang Ian and Hamilton Ian Mechanics - BRIZARD, A. J.

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02/07/2013

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