ORIGIN AND CAUSES OF RENAISSANCE
Renaissance, in historical context, implies a momentous cultural movement marked by revival of interest in the classical age of the Romans and the Greeks. It aimed at rediscovering the cultural accomplishments of the classical period and rescuing its arts and literature in order to revive and recreate a new culture, free from medieval bondage.
used the term ‘Renaissance’,
classical antiquity in a new spirit
Between the 14
Major attempts were made through a series of movements in many parts of Europe, mainly in the Italian city states to reshape and recreate social values.
It became a period of intense creativity in the field of thought, literature, arts, architecture, politics, and practical sciences.
It was a period of revival based on the old learning and spread through traditional methods.
It was a period of innovation in which much new knowledge was generated that would become the foundation of modern thought, and spread by a new medium, print, which meant that a far wider community could share in and debate the changes. The beginning of Renaissance can be traced to the time of the
or even earlier in the 14
century, and its end to the early 16
century which witnessed grave political turmoil, ravages from incessant warfare and natural calamities. Italy had been the centre of the Roman Empire. From 14
centuries, Italy was well in advanced than other countries in terms of cultural, political, mercantile economy, and the rise of city states. The traditional view of the Renaissance, according to
Theodore de Beze,
was that it suddenly emerged as a result of the
fall of Constantinople in 1453
that caused the flight of the Greeks to Italy. Knowledge of Greek and Roman culture had never completely died out in medieval Europe, being kept alive during the Dark Ages in the monasteries, and during the High Middle Ages in the growing universities. Thus, the Italian Renaissance was more the product of a long evolution rather than a sudden outburst. The concept of Renaissance and its place in history has undergone changes because of a variety of interpretations. One needs to emphasize the Renaissance