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Hip Hop

Hip Hop

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Published by laksamana pu3

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Published by: laksamana pu3 on Aug 24, 2009
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Hip hop
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation, search
 For other uses, see Hip hop (disambiguation).
This article
needs additionalcitationsforverification.
Please helpimprove this articleby adding reliable references. Unsourced material may bechallengedand removed. 
(June 2009)
Hip Hop
Stylistic origins
 
Culturalorigins
Typicalinstruments
 
Other topics
KRS-Onein concert. KRS-One is a long-time activist, performer and promoter of hip hopculture.
Hip hop
is acultural movementwhich developed in New York Cityin the early1970s  primarily amongAfrican AmericansandLatino Americans.
Hip hop's four main elements are MCing
 
(often calledrapping
 
),DJing, writing,and  breaking. Other elements include beatboxing, hip hop fashion, andslang. Since first emerging in theBronx,the lifestyle of hip hop culture has spread around the world.
Whenhip hop musicbegan to emerge, it was based around disc jockeys who created rhythmic beats by looping breaks (small portions of songs emphasizing a percussive pattern) on twoturntables. This was later accompanied by "rapping" (a rhythmic style of chanting) and beatboxing, a vocal technique mainly used to imitate percussive elements of the music andvarious technical effects of hip hop DJs. An original form of dancing and particular styles of dress arose among followers of this new music. These elements experienced considerablerefinement and development over the course of the history of the culture.The relationship between graffiti and hip hop culture arises from the appearance of new andincreasingly elaborate and pervasive forms of the practice in areas where other elements of hiphop were evolving as art forms, with a heavy overlap between those who wrote graffiti and thosewho practiced other elements of the culture.
Contents
[hide]
 
[edit] Etymology
The word"hip"was used asAfrican American Vernacular English(AAVE) as early as 1898. The colloquial language meant "informed" or "current," and was likely derived from the earlier form
hep
.
The term "hip hop" also followed logically the previous African-American music cultureof "Bebop".
[
 
]
Keith "Cowboy" Wiggins, a rapper with Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Fivehas been credited with coining the term
hip hop
in 1978 while teasing a friend who had just joined theUSArmy, byscat singingthe words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked therhythmiccadence of marching soldiers.
Cowboy later worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his stage performance.
The group frequently performed with disco artists who would refer to this newtype of MC/DJ-produced music by calling them "those hip-hoppers". The name was originallymeant as a sign of disrespect, but soon come to identify this new music and culture.Other artists quickly copied the Furious Five and began using the term in their music. Theopening of the song "Rapper's Delight" byThe Sugarhill Gang, in addition to the verse on Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five's own "Superrappin'", were both released in 1979.Lovebug Starski, a Bronx DJ who put out a single called "The Positive Life" in 1981, and DJ Hollywoodthen began using the term when referring to this new 
discorap
music. Hip hop pioneer and South Bronx community leader Afrika Bambaataaalso credits Lovebug Starski asthe first to use the term "Hip Hop," as it relates to the culture. Bambaataa, a former Black Spades gang member also did much to further popularize the term.
[edit] History
Main article: Roots of hip hop
JamaicanbornDJClive "Kool Herc" Campbell is credited as being highly influential in the  pioneering stage of hip hop music,
[9]
in theBronx, after moving to New York at the age of thirteen. Herc created the blueprint for hip hop music and culture by building upon the Jamaicantradition of toasting – or boasting impromptu poetry and sayings over music – which hewitnessed as a youth in Jamaica.
Herc and other DJs would tap into the power lines to connect their equipment and perform atvenues such as public basketball courts and at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue, Bronx, New York, ahistoric building "where hip hop was born".
Their equipment was composed of numerousspeakers, turntables, and one or more microphones.
In late 1979,Debbie Harryof  
took   Nile Rodgersof 
to such an event, as the main backing track used was the break fromChic's 

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