This is where Boot tells us about the gestalt of terror
individuals and groups, like al-Qaeda, and their affiliates, al-Qaeda in the Maghreb, al-Shabaab in Somalia, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, inter alia, create a mosaic of terror that when seen together as a whole, eclipses their individual actions.
Bin Laden‟s attacks did not require a high overhead: the USS
Cole attack cost about fifty-thousand US dollars to execute
and 9/11, about a half-million dollars. With the 9/11 damage estimated at five hundred billion dollars, bin Laden, a former economics major, got quite the return on his investment.
If it could be said, “history is written by the victor,” then it could
also be said that history is seldom read by the victor. And that is because Boot tells us guerrilla warfare inflicted the same woes on both Chinese and Roman soldiers in 200 BC, as it does today on coalition forces in the Fertile Crescent and Afghanistan. And neither of these two contemporary nations have managed to stabilize the installed governments and move forward, toward anything beyond insurgency-driven conflict. All very interesting.